Agoura Hills, California

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For the unincorporated community, see Agoura, California.
Agoura Hills, California
City
City of Agoura Hills
View of Agoura Hills looking from southern edge of the Historic Quarter in December 2006.
View of Agoura Hills looking from southern edge of the Historic Quarter in December 2006.
Motto: "The Gateway to the Santa Monica Mountains"[1]
Location of Agoura Hills in California
Location of Agoura Hills in California
Agoura Hills, California is located in California
Agoura Hills, California
Agoura Hills, California
Location of Agoura Hills in California
Coordinates: 34°9′12″N 118°45′42″W / 34.15333°N 118.76167°W / 34.15333; -118.76167Coordinates: 34°9′12″N 118°45′42″W / 34.15333°N 118.76167°W / 34.15333; -118.76167
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Los Angeles
Settled (by the Spanish) 1700s
Incorporated (city) December 8, 1982[3]
Government
 • Mayor Illece Buckley Weber[4]
 • Mayor Pro Tem Harry Schwarz[4]
Area[5]
 • Total 7.822 sq mi (20.260 km2)
 • Land 7.793 sq mi (20.184 km2)
 • Water 0.029 sq mi (0.076 km2)  0.37%
Elevation[6] 922 ft (281 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 20,330[2]
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 91301, 91376, 91377[7]
Area code(s) 818[8]
FIPS code 06-00394[2]
GNIS feature IDs 1667896, 2409666
Website www.ci.agoura-hills.ca.us

Agoura Hills is an affluent city in Los Angeles County, California. Its population was 20,330 at the 2010 census, down from 20,537 at the 2000 census. It is in the eastern Conejo Valley between the Simi Hills and the Santa Monica Mountains. This city on the Ventura Freeway (U.S. Route 101) straddles the border between the county of Los Angeles to the east, west and south and Ventura County to the north. It is about 30 miles (48 km) northwest of Downtown Los Angeles and less than 10 miles (16 km) west of the Los Angeles City limits (Woodland Hills). Agoura Hills and unincorporated Agoura sit next to Calabasas, Oak Park, and Westlake Village.

History[edit]

The area was first settled by the Chumash Native Americans around 10,000 years ago.[9] As the Alta California (Upper California) coast was settled by Spanish Franciscan missionaries in the late 18th century, the El Camino Real (the Royal Road or King's Highway), a road from Loreto, Baja California, Mexico to Sonoma, California, and connecting the Spanish missions in California, was established through the heart of what would later be known as Agoura Hills.

In about 1800, Miguel Ortega was granted a Spanish grazing concession called Rancho Las Virgenes or El Rancho de Nuestra Señora La Reina de Las Virgenes. The grant was abandoned after Ortega's death in 1810, and José Maria Dominguez was given Rancho Las Virgenes as a Mexican land grant in 1834. Maria Antonia Machado de Reyes purchased the rancho from Dominguez in 1845. (The "Reyes Adobe" ranch headquarters sits today in central Agoura Hills, where it is part of the Reyes Adobe Museum built around 2004 and owned by the Los Angeles County Parks and Recreation Department.[10])

By 1900, Agoura Hills was being used as a popular stage stop for travelers along the Camino Real because of its natural spring at the foothills of Ladyface Mountain, one of Agoura Hills' defining geographic features.

In the 1920s, the community was briefly known as Picture City, as Paramount Pictures owned a ranch in the area used for filming Westerns. To obtain a post office of their own, the residents were required to choose a one-word name, and in 1927 chose the shortest name proposed: a misspelling of the last name of Pierre Agoure, a local Basque man and French immigrant who had settled in the area in 1871 to live the lifestyle of the Mexican rancher. Styling himself Don Pierre Agoure,[11] he was a successful sheep herder and had a reputation as a swashbuckler.[12]

An estate in Old Agoura

Agoura Hills began to grow rapidly in the late 1960s after the Ventura Freeway section of U.S. Route 101 was built through the city's heart, isolating the northern half of the city from the south. The first housing tracts started in Agoura were Hillrise, Liberty Canyon and Lake Lindero. Rapid growth continued during the 1970s, when schools were built and much of downtown erected.

In 1978, residents of the Agoura Hills area banded together to lobby Sacramento to widen the Kanan Bridge. Legislation was passed requiring the State Department of Transportation to award contracts for widening of the Kanan Road bridge overpass, over the Ventura Freeway, from two lanes to four lanes.

In 1982, the residents of the City of Agoura Hills voted in favor of cityhood by a 68% majority. Agoura Hills became the 83rd City in Los Angeles County. Elected to the first City Council were Mayor Fran Pavley, Mayor Pro Tem Carol Sahm, Councilmembers Ernest Dynda, John Hood and Vicky Leary.[13] Incorporating a year after neighboring Westlake Village, the drive for cityhood in the region was largely based on public discontent with the county's failure to limit residential development of the area, motives that influenced Malibu and Calabasas to follow suit in 1991.[14]

The 1980s was a period of tremendous growth, with large land areas being subdivided into housing tracts and a great wave of migration of people into the city. In the 1990s, numerous businesses set up shop in the city, and the downtown area was filled with shops and restaurants.

Map showing Agoura Hills Districts

In 1996, the murder of Jimmy Farris (the infamous Brandon Hein case) shook the city and awakened it to a rising drug problem and petty theft crime wave among its young. As a result, the city began sponsoring live music competitions and concerts in local parks (see Music).

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.2 square miles (21 km2). 8.2 square miles (21 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.37%) is water

Agoura Hills has a mountain called Ballard Mountain named after pioneer settler and freed slave John Ballard. The name of the mountain was officially changed from Negrohead to Ballard in a ceremony on February 20, 2010.[15]

Panorama of Agoura Hills and Westlake Village with Ballard Mountain prominent as the leftmost peak in the image.

Agoura Hills is called the "Gateway to the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area"[citation needed]. The city is unofficially divided into a number of varied districts centered on the modern Downtown area of the city. The most notable of these districts include Downtown, Forest Cove, South End, Malibu Junction, East Agoura, and Old Agoura.

Environment[edit]

Further information: Santa Monica Mountains

Natural areas of Agoura Hills are part of the California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion and are covered by hundreds of local plant species, some of which are very rare, and others of which have become popular ornamentals. The range is host to an immense variety of wildlife, from mountain lions to the endangered steelhead. The Mountain lion population within the Santa Monica Mountains (which includes the Simi Hills & Santa Susana Pass) is severely depleted with only seven known living adult individuals. The primary cause of the decline is due to a combination of traffic related mortality (three from the area were killed within a matter of months,) anti-coagulants ingested from human poisoned prey (two individuals within the Simi Hills) and attacks by other, more dominant mountain lions (an elder male, known as P1, killed both his son and his mate, this is thought to be due to a lack of space available.) Snakes are common but only occasionally seen- the Southern Pacific Rattlesnake (the only venomous species), Mountain Kingsnake, California Kingsnake, Gopher snake, and Garter snake. The mountains are also home to the Western fence lizard.

Invasive species[edit]

In 2010, the Los Angeles Times reported that the New Zealand mud snail had infested watersheds in the Santa Monica Mountains, posing serious threats to native species and complicating efforts to improve stream-water quality for the endangered steelhead trout. According to the article, the snails have expanded "from the first confirmed sample in Medea Creek in Agoura Hills to nearly 30 other stream sites in four years." Researchers at the Santa Monica Bay Restoration Commission believe that the snails' expansion may have been expedited after the mollusks traveled from stream to stream on the gear of contractors and volunteers.[16]

Music[edit]

Agoura Hills is known regionally for its live music scene and originality in the nu metal scene, a fame that has given rise to such acts as Linkin Park, Foxygen, Dub Thompson, The Sheds, Skye Aspen, Incubus, Hoobastank, Dead By Sunrise, and Fort Minor.

This music scene was born amid the coming of age of the children of the first wave of migration into Agoura Hills, those that settled in the 1960s. The 1980s was the first boom in the music scene, but by the late 1980s, as many of these original rockers moved off to college or aged, the scene quietly began to slip away.

Western Agoura Hills from the hills north of Morrison Ranch

However, in the mid-1990s the music scene began to take off again, energized by the coming of age of the children of those who had settled in the early 1980s. The 1996 Jimmy Farris murder case (popularized by defendant Brandon Hein) spurred many city leaders to action in promoting the arts among teenagers, hoping to ward off a rising crime wave. This patronage helped re-popularize live music among teenagers, and created the fertile ground that led to the take off of Linkin Park and Hoobastank.

However, by the first decade of the 21st century, much of this wave of teenagers had aged or gone to college, leaving the scene with only a shell of the energy it once had. Although the scene lives on, pushed forward by various Battle of the Bands competitions and garage concerts, the lack of a third major wave of migration to Agoura Hills (construction having been relatively maxed out in the second migration) makes a major renaissance seem doubtful as of early 2007. Demographic data suggests a possible resurgence within the coming years, but current data shows that the majority of young people in the city are in the 10 to 14 years old age group, leaving a comeback to some years in the future.[17]

As a result of this decline, it has become equally common to hear alt-rock blaring from stereos in Agoura as to hear reggaeton, a fact evidenced by radio station Latino 96.3's advertising campaign and runaway popularity in Agoura Hills.

Agoura Hills is home to The Canyon Club, a highly regarded concert venue that hosts national and regional touring acts such as Peter Frampton, Pat Benatar, Cyndi Lauper, REO Speedwagon, X, Steel Pulse, The New Cars, Asia, Boyz II Men, Alan Parsons, Foreigner, Bret Michaels and The Smithereens.

Demographics[edit]

"The Gateway to the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreational Area"

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[18] reported that Agoura Hills had a population of 20,330. The population density was 2,599.0 people per square mile (1,003.5/km²). The racial makeup of Agoura Hills was 17,147 (84.3%) White, (78.6% Non-Hispanic White),[19] 267 (1.3%) African American, 51 (0.3%) Native American, 1,521 (7.5%) Asian, 24 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 590 (2.9%) from other races, and 730 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,936 persons (9.5%).

The Census reported that 20,242 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 15 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 73 (0.4%) were institutionalized.

There were 7,327 households, out of which 2,799 (38.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 4,565 (62.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 726 (9.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 302 (4.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 263 (3.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 36 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,346 households (18.4%) were made up of individuals and 438 (6.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76. There were 5,593 families (76.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.15.

The population was spread out with 4,904 people (24.1%) under the age of 18, 1,582 people (7.8%) aged 18 to 24, 4,465 people (22.0%) aged 25 to 44, 7,089 people (34.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 2,290 people (11.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.4 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.

There were 7,585 housing units at an average density of 969.7 per square mile (374.4/km²), of which 5,715 (78.0%) were owner-occupied, and 1,612 (22.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.8%. 16,111 people (79.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,131 people (20.3%) lived in rental housing units. The median household income was $110,716, according to the 2010 United States Census, with 5.4% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[19]

2000[edit]

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 20,537 people, 6,874 households, and 5,588 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,511.8 inhabitants per square mile (969.4/km2). There were 6,993 housing units at an average density of 855.3 per square mile (330.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.96% White, 1.32% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 6.50% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 2.09% from other races, and 2.78% from two or more races. 6.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,874 households out of which 47.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.7% were non-families. 13.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

A ranch in Old Agoura

Economy[edit]

There are 14,899 people at least 16 years old, of which 10,645 are in the Civilian Labor Group and 11 are in the Armed Forces. 360 are unemployed.

Of 7,660 females that are at least 16 years old, 4,865 are in the Civilian Labor Group and 0 are in the Armed Forces. 4,715 are employed, and 150 are unemployed.

Of 10,166 out of the 10,285 workers 16 years or older, 8,454 drive to work alone in a motor vehicle, 793 carpool, 90 use public transportation (including taxicabs), 76 walk, and 82 use other means of transportation to commute to work. 671 workers work at home.

The mean time to commute to work (one-way) is 30.5 minutes.

Of the 10,285 workers, 7,900 are privately employed, 1,124 are government workers, 1,211 are self-employed, and 50 are unpaid family workers.

Gaming company NovaLogic has its headquarters in Agoura Hills.

Joni Eareckson Tada's Joni and Friends is based in Agoura Hills.[21]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[22] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Bank of America 1,153
2 Las Virgenes Unified School District 482
3 IBM 206
4 TouchCommerce 225
5 Farmers Financial Solutions 200
6 Teradyne 200
7 Zebra Technologies 190
8 Wood Ranch BBQ & Grill 162
9 THQ 160
10 PacificComp 158

Government[edit]

Agoura Hills is governed by a City Council/City Manager form of government. A five-member City Council is elected by the residents to oversee city operations and guide the development of the community. Councilmembers are elected to four-year terms.[23] The terms are staggered so that a measure of continuity is maintained from one Council to the next. The role of Mayor rotates among the Councilmembers. The Mayor is chosen by the City Councilmembers to serve a one-year term.[23] The City Manager is appointed by the City Council to supervise the administrative personnel and contract services.[24]

As of December 2014, the Agoura Hills City Council consists of Illece Buckley Weber (Mayor), Harry Schwarz (Mayor Pro Tem), John M. Edelston, William D. Koehler, and Denis Weber.[4] The City Manager is Greg Ramirez and the city attorney is Craig Steele.

State and federal representation[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Agoura Hills is in the 27th Senate District, represented by Democrat Fran Pavley, and in the 50th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Richard Bloom.[25]

In the United States House of Representatives, Agoura Hills is in California's 33rd congressional district, represented by Democrat Henry Waxman.[26]

Politics[edit]

In the 2004 presidential election John Kerry won 52% of the vote, while George W. Bush won 46% of the vote. In the 2006 state gubernatorial election, Arnold Schwarzenegger got just over 62% of the vote, while Democratic opponent Phil Angelides got over 34%. In the 2008 presidential election, however, Barack Obama won 69% of the vote in Agoura Hills, while John McCain only won 29% of the vote. Overall, Agoura Hills is perhaps the most liberal city in the Conejo Valley, particularly on environmental issues.

Infrastructure[edit]

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Malibu/Lost Hills Station in Calabasas, serving Agoura Hills.[27][28]

The United States Postal Service Agoura Hills Post Office is located at 5158 Clareton Drive.[29]

Events[edit]

Agoura Hills is home to the Great Race of Agoura Hills, an annual running event held at Chumash Park in Agoura Hills in March of every year. As of 2013 the race has been run for the past 28 years. The Great Race was established in 1986 by parents looking to raise money for local elementary schools. One of the races (Chesebro Half Marathon) was voted Best Half Marathon in the U.S. in 2011.

Education[edit]

The Las Virgenes Unified School District serves Agoura Hills.

Notable residents[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Agoura Hills include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Agoura Hills, California". City of Agoura Hills, California. Retrieved August 11, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "2010 US Gazetteer files for California". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2014-06-16. 
  3. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Council Members". City of Agoura Hills, CA. Retrieved December 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Agoura". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved October 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-17. 
  8. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  9. ^ C. M. Hogan, 2008
  10. ^ Reyes Adobe
  11. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSvcid=9332&GRid=14344192& findagrave.com
  12. ^ http://www.colapublib.org/history/agourahills/faq.html colapublib.org
  13. ^ http://www.ci.agoura-hills.ca.us/history.html ci.agoura-hills.ca.us
  14. ^ http://desperado.scvnet.com/~philh/scope/articles/inthenews/lat-smm-1.html desperado.scvnet.com
  15. ^ Associated Press (February 20, 2010). "Calif.'s Negrohead Mountain renamed for pioneer". Newsvine. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  16. ^ Hard-to-kill snails infest Santa Monica Mountain watersheds Even Formula 409 has proven ineffective at destroying the New Zealand mudsnail, an asexually reproducing invasive species that poses a threat to steelhead restoration efforts and native creatures.
  17. ^ [1] ww4.onboardnavigator.com
  18. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Agoura Hills city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  19. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0600394.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  21. ^ Nonprofit Report for JONI AND FRIENDS
  22. ^ City of Agoura Hills CAFR
  23. ^ a b City of Agoura Hills Website: Local Election Information. http://ci.agoura-hills.ca.us/Modules/ShowDocument.aspx?documentid=6913
  24. ^ City of Agoura Hills Website. http://ci.agoura-hills.ca.us/Index.aspx?page=24
  25. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 8, 2014. 
  26. ^ "California's 33rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  27. ^ "Malibu/Lost Hills Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  28. ^ "Calabasas city, California." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  29. ^ "Post Office Location - AGOURA HILLS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  30. ^ http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/kirk-camerons-house/
  31. ^ Berlin's Terri Nunn: An Agoura Girl at Heart Agoura Hills Patch November 23, 2011

External links[edit]