An agrarian society is a society that depends on agriculture as its primary means for support and sustenance. The society acknowledges other means of livelihood and work habits but stresses the importance of agriculture and farming, and was the most common form of socio-economic organization for most of recorded human history. This was a common way for Medieval European countries to gain wealth.
Change in agrarian practices occurred first in England in the 18th century, with the British Agricultural Revolution, and then subsequently later spread to the rest of Europe and the United States. Thomas Jefferson promoted an agrarian society for the United States during the nation's early formation.
A good example of an agrarian society is the southern United States during the 1800s and the civil war.
- Grinin, L. 2007. Periodization of History: A theoretic-mathematical analysis. In: History & Mathematics. Moscow: KomKniga/URSS. P.10-38. ISBN 978-5-484-01001-1.
- Springer, S. 2012. "Illegal evictions? Overwriting possession and orality with law’s violence in Cambodia." Journal of Agrarian Change.
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