|Regions with significant populations|
|Hindi, Marwari, English, Punjabi, Haryanavi|
|Hinduism · Jainism|
Agrawal (Agarwal, Agrawala, Agarwala, Aggarwal) is a community found throughout northern India, including in Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Delhi, and Uttar Pradesh. Other related communities include Maheshwaris, Khandelwals, and Oswals.
The texts and legends of the Agrawal community trace the origin of Agrawals to the legendary king Agrasena of the Solar Dynasty who adopted Vanika dharma.King Agrasena aka Maharaja Agrasen is the descendant of Hindu God, Lord Rama, hence making Agrawals the descendants of lord Rama and are also called the "Suryawanshis" ie followers of the solar calendar. Literally, Agrawal means the "children of Agrasena" or the "people of Agroha", a city in ancient Kuru Panchala, near Hisar in Haryana region said to be founded by Agrasena.
Members of the Agrawal community are known for their business acumen and have for many years been influential and prosperous in India.
The Agrawals claim descent from king Agrasena of the mythological Solar Dynasty who adopted Vanika dharma for the benefit of his people.[a] Literally, Agrawal means the "children of Agrasena" or the "people of Agroha", a city in ancient Kuru Panchala, near Hisar in Haryana said to be founded by Agrasena.
Agrawals during the Mughal era
Sah Ranveer Singh was a royal treasurer during the rule of Akbar. He was awarded a jagir in western UP, where he established the town Saharanpur. His father as well as son and grandson had built several Jain temples, including the one at Kucha Sukhanand in Delhi.
Lala Ratan Chand became the diwan of Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar (1713–1719) in 1712, and was given the title of Raja. He was associated with the Saiyid Brothers, who served as the king makers for several years, and became involved in the court intrigues. He was executed during the battle of Hasanpur by the order of the new emperor Muhammad Shah (1719–1748) in 1719. He became the founder of the Rajvanshi Agrawals.
According to the legend, the Agrawal community developed twenty rules of conduct. Those who followed all the twenty rules were called Bisa Agrawal, those who followed only ten rules were called Dassa Agrawals,those who followed only five were called Punj Agrawals and so on.
- J. P. Mittal considers Agrasen to be an actual historical figure, not mythological
- Gore, M. S. (1990). Urbanization and Family Change. Popular Prakashan. p. 70. ISBN 9780861322626.
- Julka, Harsimran; Radhika P. Nair (12 February 2013). "Why young Aggarwals dominate India's e-commerce start-ups". The Economic Times (Delhi).
- Mittal, J. P. (2006). History of Ancient India: From 4250 BC to 637 AD. Atlantic Publishers. p. 675. ISBN 9788126906161.
- Sarda, Har Bilas (1935). Speeches and Writings. Ajmer: Vedic Yantralaya. p. 120.
- "Agrasen Ki Baoli, un oasis au coeur de la capitale | Inde Information". Aujourdhuilinde.com. 22 August 2007. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
- "Monuments – Delhi Monuments – Tourist Information of India – Lakes, Waterfalls, Beaches, Monuments, Museums, Places, Cities – By". Tripsguru.com. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
- Anne Hardgrove, Community and Public Culture: The Marwaris in Calcutta, New Delhi, Oxford University Press (2004) ISBN 0-19-566803-0
- Jyotiprasad Jain, Pramukh Jain Etihasik Purush aur mahilayen, Bharatiya Jnanapitha, 1975
- History of Origin of Some Clans in India, Mangal Sen Jindal, Pub. Sarup and Sons, 1992
- "Evolution of Agrawal Samaj". Retrieved 2007-04-19.
- Bharatendu Harishchandra, Agrawalon ki Utpatti, 1871, reprinted in Hemant Sarma, Bharatendu Samgrah, Varanasi, Hindi Pracharak Samsthan, 1989.