|Regions with significant populations|
|Hindi, Marwari, English, Punjabi, Haryanavi|
|Hinduism · Jainism|
Agrawal (Agarwal, Agrawala, Agarwala, Aggarwal) is a community found throughout northern India, including in Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Delhi, and Uttar Pradesh. Other related communities include Maheshwaris, Khandelwals, and Oswals.
Most Agrawals follow Hinduism, although some are Jains. The texts and legends of the Agrawal community trace the origin of Agrawals to the legendary king Agrasena of the Solar Dynasty who adopted Vanika dharma. Literally, Agrawal means the "children of Agrasena" or the "people of Agroha", a city in ancient Kuru Panchala, near Hisar in Haryana region said to be founded by Agrasena.
Members of the Agrawal community have for many years been influential and prosperous in India.
The Agrawals claim descent from king Agrasena of the mythological Solar Dynasty who adopted Vanika dharma for the benefit of his people.[a] Literally, Agrawal means the "children of Agrasena" or the "people of Agroha", a city in ancient Kuru Panchala, near Hisar in Haryana said to be founded by Agrasena.
Migeration of Agarwals: Agarwals were originated from Agroha. AGROHA was near present day Hisar and bordering present day Rajasthan, Delhi, and Uttar Pardesh. Agarwlas being business community and very enterprising migrated to the business centers of the ancient time. Before the East India Company, mostly business with west was done via land route and Marwar was the major business center of ancient silk route.most exports and imports were done from marwar to and from Afganistan,Iran and further western countries. many agarwal families have migrated to marwar for better prospects and later on called marwaris. These marwaris later on migrated to other parts of India and are known as Marwadis.Presently Agarwals and marwadis are established in all parts of India and rules the main business of the place. The prosperity and richness of Agarwals results into the jealousy of the other community.
Migration to Delhi
In 1354, Firuz Shah Tughluq had started the construction of a new city near Agroha, called Hisar-e-Feroza ("the fort of Firuz"). Most of the raw material for building the town was brought from Agroha. The town later came to be called Hisar. Hisar became a major center of the Agrawal community.
Migration to Eastern India
Agrawals during the Mughal era
Sah Ranveer Singh was a royal treasurer during the rule of Akbar. He was awarded a jagir in western UP, where he established the town Saharanpur. His father as well as son and grandson had built several Jain temples, including the one at Kucha Sukhanand in Delhi.
Lala Ratan Chand became the diwan of Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar (1713–1719) in 1712, and was given the title of Raja. He was associated with the Saiyid Brothers, who served as the king makers for several years, and became involved in the court intrigues. He was executed during the battle of Hasanpur by the order of the new emperor Muhammad Shah (1719–1748) in 1719. He became the founder of the Rajvanshi Agrawals.
According to the legend, the Agrawal community developed twenty rules of conduct. Those who followed all the twenty rules were called Bisa Agrawal, those who followed only ten rules were called Dassa Agrawals,those who followed only five were called Punj Agrawals and so on.
Most Agrawals follow Hinduism, although some are Jains. All Agarwals follows Hinduism and worship Goddess Lakshmi as their kuldevi. Agarwals following jainism become jains as they no longer worship any hindu god or godess as per jainism. As per the instructions and precedent set by Maharaja Agarsian ji, Goddess Lakhsmi is the main kuldevi of Agarwals. If we analysis in depth, jains are not Agarwals.
- J. P. Mittal considers Agrasen to be an actual historical figure, not mythological
- Gore, M. S. (1990). Urbanization and Family Change. Popular Prakashan. p. 70. ISBN 9780861322626.
- Julka, Harsimran; Radhika P. Nair (12 February 2013). "Why young Aggarwals dominate India's e-commerce start-ups". The Economic Times (Delhi).
- Mittal, J. P. (2006). History of Ancient India: From 4250 BC to 637 AD. Atlantic Publishers. p. 675. ISBN 9788126906161.
- Sarda, Har Bilas (1935). Speeches and Writings. Ajmer: Vedic Yantralaya. p. 120.
- "Agrasen Ki Baoli, un oasis au coeur de la capitale | Inde Information". Aujourdhuilinde.com. 22 August 2007. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
- "Monuments – Delhi Monuments – Tourist Information of India – Lakes, Waterfalls, Beaches, Monuments, Museums, Places, Cities – By". Tripsguru.com. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
- An Early Attestation of the Toponym Ḍhillī, by Richard J. Cohen, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 1989, p. 513-519
- The story of Hisar
- Anne Hardgrove, Community and Public Culture: The Marwaris in Calcutta, New Delhi, Oxford University Press (2004) ISBN 0-19-566803-0
- Jyotiprasad Jain, Pramukh Jain Etihasik Purush aur mahilayen, Bharatiya Jnanapitha, 1975
- History of Origin of Some Clans in India, Mangal Sen Jindal, Pub. Sarup and Sons, 1992
- "Evolution of Agrawal Samaj". Retrieved 2007-04-19.
- Bharatendu Harishchandra, Agrawalon ki Utpatti, 1871, reprinted in Hemant Sarma, Bharatendu Samgrah, Varanasi, Hindi Pracharak Samsthan, 1989.