Agricola of Avignon

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For the fourth-century martyr, see Saints Vitalis and Agricola.
Saint Agricola of Avignon
Born c. 630 AD
Died c. 700 AD
Honored in
Roman Catholic Church
Major shrine Church of Saint-Agricol (Saint Agricola), Avignon
Feast September 2
Attributes stork
Patronage Avignon, storks; invoked against the bubonic plague and misfortune of all kinds. Devotees prayed to him for good weather, fine harvests, and rain.

Saint Agricola (Agricol, Agricolus) of Avignon (c. 630–c. 700) was a bishop of Avignon. According to tradition, Agricola ("farmer") was the son of Saint Magnus, also a bishop of the city.

At the age of sixteen, he was professed a monk at the Abbey of Lérins. However, at the age of thirty, he was summoned by his father Magnus to Avignon, where he was appointed coadjutor. When his father died in 660, he succeeded as bishop. He built a church in the city that was staffed by the monks of Lérins. He built a convent for Benedictine nuns. He was a well-known preacher, and famous for his charity and defense of the poor and sick against civil authorities.

He died of natural causes and was succeeded by Saint Veredemus.[1]

Veneration[edit]

A charter of 919 mentions that Saint Agricola had been buried in the Avignon church dedicated to Saint Peter (Saint-Pierre).[2] At the end of the eleventh century, Bishop Arbert of Avignon made a donation that referred to the abbey of Saint-Agricol; the church of Saint-Agricol (Saint Agricola) that seems to have been built in the twelfth century was made collegial in 1321 by Pope John XXII, one of the Avignon-based popes, who equipped it with a statute and income. It is possible that on this occasion that the transfer of the relics of St. Agricola from the church of Saint-Pierre to Saint-Agricol occurred. They are still preserved in this church.

The cult of Saint Agricola increased in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Fifteenth-century documents record that he prevented an invasion of storks by his blessing. He is thus patron of storks and is depicted with them as his emblem. In 1647, he was declared patron saint of the city of Avignon by Archbishop César Argelli. Devotees prayed to the saint whose name signoifies "cultivator of fields" for good weather, fine harvests, and rain during times of drought. He is also invoked against the bubonic plague and misfortune of all kinds. His feast day is September 2.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Les Gorges du Gardon: La baume St Veredeme". Gardon Cilsia. n.d. Archived from the original on 16 April 2009. Retrieved April 27, 2009. 
  2. ^ [1]

Sources[edit]

  • Elizabeth Hallam (ed.), Saints: Who They Are and How They Help You (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994), 100.

External links[edit]