Agricultural engineering

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Agricultural engineering is the engineering discipline that applies engineering science and technology to agricultural production and processing. Agricultural engineering combines the disciplines of mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering principles with a knowledge of agricultural principles.[1][2]

History[edit]

The first curriculum in Agricultural Engineering was established at Iowa State University by Professor J. B. Davidson in 1903. The American Society of Agricultural Engineers, now known as the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, was founded in 1907.[3] Agricultural engineering has led to mono-cultural farming, paying specialized attention to one type of crop. Genetically engineered crops have skyrocketed to 145 million acres world wide by 2002, most of which are corn and soy that feed the livestock that humans consume. Scientists have barely scratched the surface of agricultural engineering; it is a living science experiment still in progress.[4]

Agricultural engineers[edit]

Agricultural engineers may perform tasks as planning, supervising and managing the building of dairy effluent schemes, irrigation, drainage, flood and water control systems, performing environmental impact assessments, agricultural product processing and interpret research results and implement relevant practices. A large percentage of agricultural engineers work in academia or for government agencies such as the United States Department of Agriculture or state agricultural extension services. Some are consultants, employed by private engineering firms, while others work in industry, for manufacturers of agricultural machinery, equipment, processing technology, and structures for housing livestock and storing crops. Agricultural engineers work in production, sales, management, research and development, or applied science.

In the United Kingdom the term Agricultural Engineer is often also used to describe a person that repairs or modifies agricultural equipment.

Academic programs in Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering[edit]

Below is a listing of known academic programs that offer Bachelor's degrees (B.S. or B.S.E. or B.E / B.Tech) in what ABET terms "Agricultural Engineering", "Biosystems Engineering", "Biological Engineering", or similarly named programs. ABET accredits college and university programs in the disciplines of applied science, computing, engineering, and engineering technology.

North America[edit]

Institution Department Web site Email
Auburn University Biosystems Engineering www.eng.auburn.edu/ taylost at auburn.edu
California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo BioResource and Agricultural Engineering www.brae.calpoly.edu/ ksolomon at calpoly.edu
Clemson University Biosystems Engineering [1] jjacks4 at clemson.edu
Cornell University Biological and Environmental Engineering bee.cornell.edu/ baa7 at cornell.edu
Dalhousie University Department of Engineering (Agricultural Campus) www.dal.ca Cathy.Wood at Dal.Ca
Iowa State University Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering www.abe.iastate.edu/ estaben at iastate.edu
Kansas State University Biological and Agricultural Engineering www.bae.ksu.edu/home contact-l at bae.ksu.edu
Louisiana State University Biological and Agricultural Engineering www.bae.lsu.edu DConstant at agcenter.lsu.edu
McGill University Department of Bioresource Engineering www.mcgill.ca/bioeng/ valerie.orsat at mcgill.ca
Michigan State University Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering www.egr.msu.edu/bae/ srivasta at egr.msu.edu
Mississippi State University Agricultural and Biological Engineering www.abe.msstate.edu jpote at mafes.msstate.edu
North Carolina State University Biological and Agricultural Engineering www.bae.ncsu.edu/ robert_evans at ncsu.edu
North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University Chemical, Biological and Bioengineering Department www.ncat.edu/ sbknisle at ncat.edu
North Dakota State University Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering www.ndsu.edu/aben/ aben at ndsu.edu
Ohio State University Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering fabe.osu.edu shearer.95 at osu.edu
Oklahoma State University Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering biosystems.okstate.edu daniel.thomas at okstate.edu
Oregon State University Biological & Ecological Engineering Department bee.oregonstate.edu/ john.bolte at oregonstate.edu
Penn State University Agricultural & Biological Engineering abe.psu.edu/ hzh at psu.edu
Purdue University Agricultural and Biological Engineering www.purdue.edu/abe engelb at purdue.edu
South Dakota State University Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering www.sdstate.edu/abe/ Van.Kelley at sdstate.edu
Texas A&M University Biological and Agricultural Engineering baen.tamu.edu/ info at baen.tamu.edu
University of Arizona Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering cals.arizona.edu/abe slackd at u.arizona.edu
University of Arkansas Biological and Agricultural Engineering www.baeg.uark.edu/ lverma at uark.edu
University of California, Davis Biological and Agricultural Engineering bae.engineering.ucdavis.edu/ rhpiedrahita at ucdavis.edu
University of Florida Agricultural and Biological Engineering www.abe.ufl.edu/ dhaman at ufl.edu
University of Georgia Agricultural Engineering / Biological Engineering www.engr.uga.edu donleo at engr.uga.edu
University of Illinois Agricultural and Biological Engineering abe.illinois.edu/ kcting at Illinois.edu
University of Kentucky Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering jokko.bae.uky.edu/BAEHome.asp sue.nokes at uky.edu
University of Nebraska-Lincoln Biological Systems Engineering bse.unl.edu mriley3 at unl.edu
University of Manitoba Biosystems Engineering http://umanitoba.ca/ headbio at cc.umanitoba.ca
University of Minnesota Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering www.bbe.umn.edu/ neighbor at umn.edu
University of Missouri Biological Engineering bioengineering.missouri.edu/ TanJ at missouri.edu
University of Saskatchewan Biosystems Engineering and Soil Science www.engr.usask.ca Pat.Hunchak at usask.ca
University of Tennessee Biosystems Engineering & Soil Science bioengr.ag.utk.edu edrumm at utk.edu
University of Wisconsin Biological Systems Engineering bse.wisc.edu/ rjstraub at wisc.edu
Utah State University Biological Engineering be.usu.edu ron.sims at usu.edu
Virginia Polytechnic University Biological Systems Engineering www.bse.vt.edu mlwolfe at vt.edu

Central and South America[edit]

Institution Department Web site
Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Mexico Irrigation Department portal.chapingo.mx/irrigacion/
National University of Colombia Agricultural Engineering www.ing.unal.edu.co/
Surcolombiana University, Colombia Agricultural Engineering http://www.usco.edu.co/pagina/inicio/
University of Campinas, Brazil Agricultural Engineering www.unicamp.br/unicamp/
University of São Paulo, Brazil Biosystems Engineering www.en.esalq.usp.br/
Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil Agricultural Engineering [2]
University of Lavras, Brazil Agronomy [3]

Europe[edit]

Institution Department Web site
Ankara University, Turkey Agricultural Machinery arsiv.ankara.edu.tr
Atatürk University, Turkey Agricultural Structures and Irrigation www.atauni.edu.tr
Harran University, Turkey Agricultural Machinery ziraat.harran.edu.tr
Harran University, Turkey Agricultural Structures and Irrigation ziraat.harran.edu.tr
University of Lisbon, Portugal Instituto Superior de Agronomia, www.isa.utl.pt/
Leibniz University Hannover, Germany Biosystems and Horticultural Engineering, http://www.bgt-hannover.de/
Universiteit Gent, Belgium Faculty of Bioscience Engineering [4]
K.U. Leuven, Belgium Department of Biosystems www.kuleuven.be/english
University of Algarve, Portugal Faculty of Sciences and Technology, www.ualg.pt/home/en/curso/1459
University College Dublin, Ireland Biosystems Engineering www.ucd.ie/eacollege/biosystems/
University of Hohenheim, Germany Institute of Agricultural Engineering www.uni-hohenheim.de/
University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Portugal Agronomy, http://ecav.utad.pt/vPT/Area2/Departamentos/agronomia

Asia[edit]

Institution Department Web site
Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University, Bapatla, India Agricultural Engineering www.caebapatla.co.in
G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar Agricultural Engineering [5]
Nagaland University Agricultural Engineering and Technology [6]
China Agricultural University Agricultural Engineering english.cau.edu.cn/col/col5470/index.html
Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, China Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering en.nwsuaf.edu.cn/
Shanghai Jiatong University, China Biological Engineering; Food Science and Engineering en.sjtu.edu.cn/academics/undergraduate-programs/
Xi’an Jiaotong University, China Energy and Power Engineering nd.xjtu.edu.cn/web/English.htm
Yunnan Agricultural University, China Agricultural Water-Soil Engineering www.at0086.com/YUNNAU
Zhejiang University, China Biosystems Engineering and Food Science www.caefs.zju.edu.cn/en/index.asp
National Taiwan University Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering www.bse.ntu.edu.tw
University of Agriculture Faisalabad Pakistan Agricultural Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Food Engineering, and Energy Engineering [7]
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia Biological and Agricultural Engineering [8]
University of Southeastern Philippines Agricultural Engineering [9]
Bangladesh Agricultural University Agricultural Engineering and Food Engineering [10]
Sylhet Agricultural University Agricultural Engineering and Technology [11]
University of agricultural sciences,raichur,karnataka,India
Xavier University- Ateneo de Cagayan - Agricultural Engineering
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar Pakistan Agricultural Engineering, Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, Farm Machinery [12]
King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL), Bangkok, Thailand Agricultural Engineering [13]

Oceania[edit]

Institution Department Web site
University of Southern Queensland, Australia School of Civil Engineering and Surveying, Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences www.usq.edu.au

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hills, David (2004). "Agricultural engineering". The Engineering Handbook (2nd ed.). CRC Press. pp. 190–1 – 190–9. ISBN 0-8493-1586-7. 
  2. ^ Field, Harry; Solie, John (2007). Introduction to Agricultural Engineering Technology (3rd ed.). 
  3. ^ "ASABE website". Archived from the original on 14 May 2009. Retrieved May 15, 2009. 
  4. ^ Deneen, Sally. "Food Fight: Genetic Engineering vs. Organics: The Good the Bad and the Ugly". E-Magazine. Retrieved June 5, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Brown, R.H. (ed). (1988). CRC handbook of engineering in agriculture. Boca Raton, FL.: CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-3860-3.
  • Field, H. L., Solie, J. B., & Roth, L. O. (2007). Introduction to agricultural engineering technology: a problem solving approach. New York: Springer. ISBN 0-387-36913-9.
  • Stewart, Robert E. (1979). Seven decades that changed America: a history of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 1907-1977. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE. OCLC 5947727.
  • DeForest, S. S. (2007). The vision that cut drugery from farming forever. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE. ISBN 1-892769-61-1.

External links[edit]