Agricultural engineering is the engineering discipline that applies engineering science and technology to agricultural production and processing. Agricultural engineering combines the disciplines of animal biology, plant biology, and mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering principles with a knowledge of agricultural principles.
- design of agricultural machinery, equipment, and agricultural structures
- internal combustion engines as applied to agricultural machinery
- agricultural resource management (including land use and water use)
- water management, conservation, and storage for crop irrigation and livestock production
- surveying and land profiling
- climatology and atmospheric science
- soil management and conservation, including erosion and erosion control
- seeding, tillage, harvesting, and processing of crops
- livestock production, including poultry, fish, and dairy animals
- waste management, including animal waste, agricultural residues, and fertilizer runoff
- food engineering and the processing of agricultural products
- basic principles of circuit analysis, as applied to electrical motors
- physical and chemical properties of materials used in, or produced by, agricultural production
- bioresource engineering, which uses machines on the molecular level to help the environment.
- Design of experiments related to crop and animal production
The first curriculum in Agricultural Engineering was established at Iowa State University by Professor J. B. Davidson in 1905. The American Society of Agricultural Engineers, now known as the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, was founded in 1907. Agricultural engineering has led to mono-cultural farming, paying specialized attention to one type of crop. Genetically engineered crops have sky rocketed to 145 million acres world wide by 2002. Most of which is corn and soy, that mostly feeds livestock, which we eat. Scientist have barely scratched the surface of agricultural engineering it is a living science experiment still in progress.
Agricultural engineers may perform tasks as planning, supervising and managing the building of dairy effluent schemes, irrigation, drainage, flood and water control systems, performing environmental impact assessments, agricultural product processing and interpret research results and implement relevant practices. A large percentage of agricultural engineers work in academia or for government agencies such as the United States Department of Agriculture or state agricultural extension services. Some are consultants, employed by private engineering firms, while others work in industry, for manufacturers of agricultural machinery, equipment, processing technology, and structures for housing livestock and storing crops. Agricultural engineers work in production, sales, management, research and development, or applied science.
In the United Kingdom the term Agricultural Engineer is often also used to describe a person that repairs or modifies agricultural equipment.
Academic programs in Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
Below is a listing of known academic programs that offer Bachelor's degrees (B.S. or B.S.E.) in what ABET terms "Agricultural Engineering", "Biosystems Engineering", "Biological Engineering", or similarly named programs. ABET accredits college and university programs in the disciplines of applied science, computing, engineering, and engineering technology.
|Auburn University||Biosystems Engineering||www.eng.auburn.edu/||taylost at auburn.edu|
|California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo||BioResource and Agricultural Engineering||www.brae.calpoly.edu/||ksolomon at calpoly.edu|
|Clemson University||Biosystems Engineering||||jjacks4 at clemson.edu|
|Cornell University||Biological and Environmental Engineering||bee.cornell.edu/||baa7 at cornell.edu|
|Dalhousie University||Department of Engineering (Agricultural Campus)||www.dal.ca||Cathy.Wood at Dal.Ca|
|Iowa State University||Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering||www.abe.iastate.edu/||estaben at iastate.edu|
|Kansas State University||Biological and Agricultural Engineering||www.bae.ksu.edu/home||contact-l at bae.ksu.edu|
|Louisiana State University||Biological and Agricultural Engineering||www.bae.lsu.edu||DConstant at agcenter.lsu.edu|
|McGill University||Department of Bioresource Engineering||www.mcgill.ca/bioeng/||valerie.orsat at mcgill.ca|
|Michigan State University||Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering||www.egr.msu.edu/bae/||srivasta at egr.msu.edu|
|Mississippi State University||Agricultural and Biological Engineering||www.abe.msstate.edu||jpote at mafes.msstate.edu|
|North Carolina State University||Biological and Agricultural Engineering||www.bae.ncsu.edu/||robert_evans at ncsu.edu|
|North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University||Chemical, Biological and Bioengineering Department||www.ncat.edu/||sbknisle at ncat.edu|
|North Dakota State University||Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering||www.ndsu.edu/aben/||aben at ndsu.edu|
|Ohio State University||Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering||fabe.osu.edu||shearer.95 at osu.edu|
|Oklahoma State University||Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering||biosystems.okstate.edu||daniel.thomas at okstate.edu|
|Oregon State University||Biological & Ecological Engineering Department||bee.oregonstate.edu/||john.bolte at oregonstate.edu|
|Penn State University||Agricultural & Biological Engineering||abe.psu.edu/||hzh at psu.edu|
|Purdue University||Agricultural and Biological Engineering||www.purdue.edu/abe||engelb at purdue.edu|
|South Dakota State University||Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering||www.sdstate.edu/abe/||Van.Kelley at sdstate.edu|
|Texas A&M University||Biological and Agricultural Engineering||baen.tamu.edu/||info at baen.tamu.edu|
|University of Arizona||Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering||cals.arizona.edu/abe||slackd at u.arizona.edu|
|University of Arkansas||Biological and Agricultural Engineering||www.baeg.uark.edu/||lverma at uark.edu|
|University of California, Davis||Biological and Agricultural Engineering||bae.engineering.ucdavis.edu/||rhpiedrahita at ucdavis.edu|
|University of Florida||Agricultural and Biological Engineering||www.abe.ufl.edu/||dhaman at ufl.edu|
|University of Georgia||Agricultural Engineering / Biological Engineering||www.engr.uga.edu||donleo at engr.uga.edu|
|University of Illinois||Agricultural and Biological Engineering||abe.illinois.edu/||kcting at illinois.edu|
|University of Kentucky||Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering||jokko.bae.uky.edu/BAEHome.asp||sue.nokes at uky.edu|
|University of Nebraska-Lincoln||Biological Systems Engineering||bse.unl.edu||mriley3 at unl.edu|
|University of Manitoba||Biosystems Engineering||http://umanitoba.ca/||headbio at cc.umanitoba.ca|
|University of Minnesota||Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering||www.bbe.umn.edu/||nieber at umn.edu|
|University of Missouri||Biological Engineering||bioengineering.missouri.edu/||TanJ at missouri.edu|
|University of Saskatchewan||Biosystems Engineering and Soil Science||www.engr.usask.ca||Pat.Hunchak at usask.ca|
|University of Tennessee||Biosystems Engineering & Soil Science||bioengr.ag.utk.edu||edrumm at utk.edu|
|University of Wisconsin||Biological Systems Engineering||bse.wisc.edu/||rjstraub at wisc.edu|
|Utah State University||Biological Engineering||be.usu.edu||ron.sims at usu.edu|
|Virginia Polytechnic University||Biological Systems Engineering||www.bse.vt.edu||mlwolfe at vt.edu|
Central and South America
|Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Mexico||Irrigation Department||portal.chapingo.mx/irrigacion/|
|National University of Colombia||Agricultural Engineering||www.ing.unal.edu.co/|
|Surcolombiana University, Colombia||Agricultural Engineering||http://www.usco.edu.co/pagina/inicio/|
|University of Campinas, Brazil||Agricultural Engineering||www.unicamp.br/unicamp/|
|University of São Paulo, Brazil||Biosystems Engineering||www.en.esalq.usp.br/|
|Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil||Agricultural Engineering|||
|Ankara University, Turkey||Agricultural Machinery||arsiv.ankara.edu.tr|
|Ataturk University, Turkey||Agricultural Structures and Irrigation||www.atauni.edu.tr|
|Harran University, Turkey||Agricultural Machinery||ziraat.harran.edu.tr|
|Harran University, Turkey||Agricultural Structures and Irrigation||ziraat.harran.edu.tr|
|Leibniz University Hannover, Germany||Biosystems and Horticultural Engineering,||http://www.bgt-hannover.de/|
|K.U. Leuven, Belgium||Department of Biosystems||www.kuleuven.be/english|
|University College Dublin, Ireland||Biosystems Engineering||www.ucd.ie/eacollege/biosystems/|
|University of Hohenheim, Germany||Institute of Agricultural Engineering||www.uni-hohenheim.de/|
|China Agricultural University||Agricultural Engineering||english.cau.edu.cn/col/col5470/index.html|
|Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University, China||Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering||en.nwsuaf.edu.cn/|
|Shanghai Jiatong University, China||Biological Engineering; Food Science and Engineering||en.sjtu.edu.cn/academics/undergraduate-programs/|
|Xi’an Jiaotong University, China||Energy and Power Engineering||nd.xjtu.edu.cn/web/English.htm|
|Yunnan Agricultural University, China||Agricultural Water-Soil Engineering||www.at0086.com/YUNNAU|
|Zhejiang University, China||Biosystems Engineering and Food Science||www.caefs.zju.edu.cn/en/index.asp|
- Bioresource engineering
- Copper alloys in aquaculture
- Industrial agriculture
- List of agricultural machinery
- Mechanized agriculture
- Hills, David (2004). "Agricultural engineering". The Engineering Handbook (2nd ed.). CRC Press. pp. 190–1 – 190–9. ISBN 0-8493-1586-7.
- Field, Harry; Solie, John (2007). Introduction to Agricultural Engineering Technology (3rd ed.).
- "ASABE website". Archived from the original on 14 May 2009. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
- Deneen, Sally. "Food Fight: Genetic Engineering vs. Organics: The Good the Bad and the Ugly". E-Magazine. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- Brown, R.H. (ed). (1988). CRC handbook of engineering in agriculture. Boca Raton, FL.: CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-3860-3.
- Field, H. L., Solie, J. B., & Roth, L. O. (2007). Introduction to agricultural engineering technology: a problem solving approach. New York: Springer. ISBN 0-387-36913-9.
- Stewart, Robert E. (1979). Seven decades that changed America: a history of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 1907-1977. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE. OCLC 5947727.
- DeForest, S. S. (2007). The vision that cut drugery from farming forever. St. Joseph, Mich.: ASAE. ISBN 1-892769-61-1.
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