Agriculture in Finland

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Farm and fields in Mäntyharju, eastern Finland

Agriculture in Finland is characterized by the northern climate and self-sufficiency in most major agricultural products. Its economic role is declining in terms of GNP and employment in primary production, but together with the food industry and forestry with which it is linked, it forms a significant part of the Finnish economy.[1][2] The number of farms has steadily declined for the last decades. Between 2000 and 2012 their number fell from almost 80,000 in 2000 to about 60,000, while the amount of arable land has slightly increased to a total of almost 2.3 million hectares.[2] Agriculture employed 125,000 people in 2010, which is a drop of 30 percent from 2000.[3]

Geography[edit]

Hayfield by Aavasaksa, Ylitornio (66°24′N).

The majority of farms and agricultural land in Finland lie between the 60th and 65th parallel,[4] making it the only country in the world with a significant agricultural sector so far in the north.[5][6] The percentage of farms concentrating on animal production increases towards the north and east.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Agriculture". Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. 2010. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Statistics Finland 2012.
  3. ^ Tike 2011.
  4. ^ Tike 2010. p. 29
  5. ^ The claim can be verified by a comparison of national agricultural statistics from Canada, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States. (Statistics Norway 2001, Statistics Canada 2007, Jordbruksverket 2008, USDA 2009 (p. 276), Federal State Statistics Service 2011 (pp. 219-221, 236-243))
  6. ^ The difference is most pronounced for crop production and there are for example dairy farms in Norway north of the Finnish border in the Teno river valley near the 70th parallel. (photograph)
  7. ^ Tike 2010. p. 55

References[edit]