Agriculture in Kazakhstan

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Grain fields near Kokshetau

Agriculture in Kazakhstan remains a small scale sector of Kazakhstan's economy. Agriculture's contribution to the GDP is under 10% - it was recorded as 6.7%, and as occupying only 20% of labor. At the same time, more than 70% of its land is occupied in crops and animal husbandry. Compared to North America, a relatively small percentage of land is used for crops, with the percentage being higher in the north of the country. 70% of the agricultural land is permanent pastureland.

Kazakhstan's largest crop is wheat, which it exports. It ranks as the sixth largest wheat producer in the world. [1] Minor crops include barley, cotton, sugar beets, sunflowers, flax, and rice. Agricultural lands in Kazakhstan were depleted of their nutrients during the Virgin Lands Campaign during the Soviet era. This continues to impact production today. Kazakh wine is produced in the mountains east of Almaty.

In 2011 the country had achieved record grain harvests of 26.9 million tonnes, exceeding the previous record of 21mn tonnes recorded in 2009. For 2012, the Kazakh Agriculture Ministry cut the crop forecast to only 14 million tons because of dry weather.[2][3]

Animals raised in Kazakhstan include cattle, chickens, sheep, pigs, horses and goats (in descending order of numbers). Meat production in tons was highest in cows, pork, mutton(meat), chicken, and "other meat." Wool, cow milk, and eggs are the other major animal products of the country.

Kazakhstan has the largest wolf population of any nation in the world, with about 90,000.

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  1. ^ "Kazakhstan's wheat dilemma". Silk Road Intelligencer. March 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  2. ^ "Kazakhstan Maintains Grain Export Levels". The Gazette of Central Asia (Satrapia). 21 July 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.companiesandmarkets.com/Summary-Market-Report/kazakhstan-food-and-drink-report-q1-2010-169546.asp