Agris

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See also: Agriş
Agris
Town Hall
Town Hall
Agris is located in France
Agris
Agris
Coordinates: 45°46′32″N 0°20′09″E / 45.7755°N 0.3358°E / 45.7755; 0.3358Coordinates: 45°46′32″N 0°20′09″E / 45.7755°N 0.3358°E / 45.7755; 0.3358
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente
Arrondissement Angoulême
Canton La Rochefoucauld
Intercommunality Bandiat-Tardoire
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Christian Vimpère
Area1 18.74 km2 (7.24 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 823
 • Density 44/km2 (110/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 16003 / 16110
Elevation 70–134 m (230–440 ft)
(avg. 83 m or 272 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Agris is a French commune in the Charente department in the Poitou-Charentes region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Agritois or Agritoises, alternatively Agritauds or Agritaudes[1]

Geography[edit]

Location and access[edit]

Agris is located 19 km north-east of Angoulême and 5 km north-west of La Rochefoucauld by the D390 road which passes through the village or the D6 which passes through Pont-d'Agris.

The town is also traversed by the D11 from Vars to Chasseneuil-sur-Bonnieure and the D12 to Angoulême as well as by minor departmental roads: the D175 from Pont-d'Agris to Saint-Claud by the Bois de Bel-Air, the D40 to the nearby commune of La Rochette, and the D88 (called the Road of the Duchess) from La Rochefoucauld to Jauldes and Tourriers.[2]

Agris is also 10 km south-west of Chasseneuil-sur-Bonnieure and 16 km south-east of Mansle.

The nearest railway station is at La Rochefoucauld which is served by the TER between Angoulême and Limoges. Angoulême Airport is 10 km south-west of the commune.

Hamlets and localities[edit]

The commune has many hamlets to the north-west of the village in the Tardoire valley. The main ones are Pont-d'Agris, located on the right bank and at the crossroads of the D6 and D11 and La Grange located on the left bank and on the D11 up to the heights of the village. On the right bank there is also the Les Camus, les Fougères, la Côte, la Brousse, les Garrauds, and on the left bank le Monac, chez Goby, les Martonnauds, les Chevilloux, which are almost part of the village. There are also les Vieilles Vaures in the south and les Treize Vents in the north[2]

There are also many farms. The part of the forest west of the village is uninhabited.

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

Geology and terrain[edit]

The soil consists of limestone dating from the middle and upper Jurassic period (Callovian to Kimmeridgian from east to west). The plateau east of the Tardoire Valley is covered with alterite and flinty clay from the Massif Central close by (10 km east) and deposited during the Tertiary period. The valley is covered with alluvium and along the edges with sand and gravel terraces dating from the Quaternary period.[4][5][6]

In the Braconne Forest there are excavations of Fosse Limousine, Fosse Mobile and Fosse Rode,[Note 1] which opens up in the form of a winding gallery in the upper reef. These collapses, sinkholes, galleries, and concretions form a caving site which is part of the La Rochefoucauld karst.[7]

The relief of the commune is that of a low plateau sloping gently towards the valley of the Tardoire, with an average altitude of 110 m. The highest point is at an altitude of 134 m to the south-west in the Braconne forest near Gros Fayant. The lowest point is 70 m located on the Tardoire opposite the town of La Rochette. The village is 80 m above sea level.[2]

Hydrography[edit]

The commune is traversed by the Tardoire and Bandiat Valleys.

Bandiat Valley is almost always dry in summer because its waters are absorbed by the successive sinkholes of the La Rochefoucauld karst so never reach the Tardoire Valley. The base of the Valley is nothing more than a ditch along a path between the Vieilles Vaures and the village. In winter the water still reaches the Vieilles Vaures but quickly sinks underground.

Tardoire Valley is also often dry in summer for the same reasons.

Climate[edit]

As in three-quarters of the department in the south and west, the climate is oceanic Aquitaine.

Dialect Area[edit]

The commune is in the Limousin region and marks the boundary with the Saintongeais local dialect (to the West).[8]

Toponymy[edit]

There are two hypotheses for the origin of the name Agris:

  1. Agris comes from the Latin Acrisium fundum or villa Acrisii meaning that the village was built around the property of a rich Gallo-Roman named Acrisius
  2. Agris comes from the Latin ager meaning "field"

In the Middle Ages, Agris was called Agresio.[9]

History[edit]

The Agris Helmet

The remains of eight people have been exhumed (five adults and three children) who were hunter-gatherers from the Mesolithic period around 7000 BC.[10]

Aerial photos reveal traces of ancient occupation in an undetermined era.

It is certain that the occupation of the site was very ancient as evidenced by the discovery of the Agris helmet, a ceremonial Celtic helmet dated from the 4th century BC. which was found in 1981 during archaeological excavations in Perrats Cave. This site's primary occupation dated to the Mesolithic period in 7000 BC. and was reused from the Neolithic period in the Bronze Age to the second Iron Age in the Roman period and also during the Middle Ages.[11]

In the same site in the Perrats Cave pottery of the second Iron Age was found.[12]

Administration[edit]

Agris was created in 1793 as part of the canton of Jandes[Note 2] and the district of La Rochefoucauld but in 1801 changed to the Canton of La Rochefoucauld in the Arrondissement of Angoulême.[13]

Administration[edit]

The War Memorial

List of Successive Mayors of Agris[14]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2008 Jacky Brandy
2008 2020 Christian Vimpère SE Farmer

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 823 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 3]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
- 1,129 1,116 1,181 1,389 - 1,389 1,457 1,472
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,350 1,290 1,308 1,212 1,204 1,209 1,182 1,140 1,026
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,120 1,125 1,108 833 795 759 788 699 680
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
749 740 789 811 732 711 - 823 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Agris

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Agris and Charente Department in 2009

Agris Agrsi Charente Charente
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 17.6 19.2 17.3 15.5
15 to 29 Years 17.6 15.6 16.4 14.4
30 to 44 Years 19.7 21.5 19.2 18.5
45 to 59 Years 22.8 20.0 22.2 21.5
60 to 74 Years 14.1 13.3 15.8 16.2
75 to 89 Years 7.7 9.5 8.6 12.3
90 Years+ 0.5 0.8 0.5 1.6

Sources:

Agris had its peak population in 1851 then lost 43% of its population from 1851 to 1921. Since then the population has stabilized around 700-800 people.

Economy[edit]

Grain Grinding Wheel

During the 19th century three stone quarries were operating in the commune: Chez les Foucauds in La Moussière and Chez les Fouilloux.[7]

Shops[edit]

Two grocery stores, a tobacco shop, a restaurant, a bakery and a hairdresser.[15]

Trades[edit]

A large number of tradesmen and entrepreneurs are present in the commune: electrician, motor garage, carpenter, mason, painter, plasterer-tiler, plumber, and agricultural workers.[15]

Tourism[edit]

There are 3 rural cottages with 2 open all year.[15]

Facilities, services and local life[edit]

Agris has a post office.[15]

Education[edit]

The Primary School

The school is an Intercommunal tecahing group (RPI) between Agris and La Rochette. Agris has the Primary School and La Rochette only the elementary school.[16] The Agris school is located in the village.

Sport and activities[edit]

The US football club of Agris plays in the Marc Labrousse Stadium.

There is also an association for playing tennis and pétanque, an equestrian centre located in Chez Pelet, a quad bike club, a motor-cycle club, a hunting society, a club for seniors, and an association of parents.

The commune has a leisure centre and a library.[15]

There is also an autocross circuit that hosted the championship of France several times [when?] but it has been closed since 2010.[17]

Health[edit]

There are two general practitioners and one home help service.[15]

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The Agris helmet at the Angoulême museum
  • The Casque d'Agris (Agris helmet) is a ceremonial Celtic helmet dating from the 4th century BC which was found in 1981 during archaeological excavations in the Perrats Cave, a Late Bronze Age site. The helmet was made with a shell of riveted iron covering the neck and gold plating on bronze decorated with plant motifs.[11] It is displayed in the Angoulême museum.
  • The Fouilloux site includes a moated structure dating to the Middle Bronze Age widely open to the west where stone ballast fills the moat.[18]
  • The Statue of the seated god of Agris shows the existence of Gallo-Roman "leftist gods".[19]
  • The Chateau of Fouilloux has a portal and Puyssaguet enclosure which are notable.

Religious Heritage[edit]

Church of Saint-Caprais of Agris

The commune has two sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Croix de la Tuilière (Tuilière Cross)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20] is a wayside cross located at the intersection of the local road from Granges to Le Bourg and the local road from Granges to Le Chevilloux.
  • The Parish Church of Saint Caprais (12th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21] It depended on the priory of Saint-Florent de La Rochefoucauld. The church contains three items that are registered as historical objects:
Tuilière Cross

Environmental heritage[edit]

The Braconne Forest, the Tardoire Valley, and the Bandiat Valley are of great interest for flora and fauna. They are a Natura 2000 zone.

Legend[edit]

Entry to the Fosse mobile

Legend of the mobile pit: a man who killed his father and wanting to hide his corpse wandered all night to find this pit which concealed itself and moved constantly to avoid being complicit in the patricide. Exhausted, the man surrendered to police of La Rochefoucauld in the morning.[25]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Fosse Dufay where Trou des Duffaits is found is located at La Rochette, 100 metres north of the commune
  2. ^ It is spelled this way on the Cassini website but it is probably meant to be Jaudes.
  3. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Charente (French)
  2. ^ a b c IGN Map on the Géoportail
  3. ^ Google Maps
  4. ^ Infoterre Visualiser, BRGM website (French)
  5. ^ BRGM Map on the Géoportail (French)
  6. ^ Notice on Mansle, BRGM, 1984, Infoterre, consulted on 13 November 2011 (French)
  7. ^ a b H. Coquand, 1858
  8. ^ Jean-Hippolyte Michon, Monumental Statistics of the Charente, Paris, Derache (reprinted in 1980 by Bruno Sépulchre, Paris), 1844, 334 p. (Read Online), p. 55 (French)
  9. ^ Jean-Marie Cassagne and Stéphane Seguin, Origin of the names of towns and villages of Charente, Jean-Michel Bordessoules, 1998, 311 pages, p. 10, ISBN 2-913471-06-4, (French)
  10. ^ The real life of our ancestors, François Dufay, 2008, Express, consulted on 20 March 2010 (French)
  11. ^ a b Agris Helmet, Arbre celtique, consulted on 20 March 2010 (French)
  12. ^ Thesis of S. Ducongé, Vol 19, revue Aquitania (French)
  13. ^ Cassini
  14. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  15. ^ a b c d e f Agris on the Community of communes Bandiat-Tardoire website (French)
  16. ^ The Intercommunal Teaching Groups, Academic Inspection Directorate of Charente, consulted on 29 May 2013 (French)
  17. ^ Autocross circuit at Agris, Autocross-France.net, 2010, consulted on 5 February 2012 (French)
  18. ^ Fouilloux website, Bulletin of the French Prehistorical Society, vol. 93, no.4, p.566-578, 1996, consulted on 20 March 2010 (French)
  19. ^ Statue of God seated, Jean-Francois Buisson, José Gomez de Soto, Liaison and Information Bulletin - Association of Archeologists; Directorate of Antiquities Poitou-Charentes, ISSN 0295-3072, 2006, no.35, p.57-59, consulted on 20 March 2010 (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00104196 Croix de la Tuilière (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00104197 Parish Church of Saint Caprais (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM16000425 Harmonium (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM16000424 Winged Tabernacle (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM16000001 Stoup for holy water and Aspergillum (French)
  25. ^ Walks and Stories in Charente, éditions du Soleil de Minuit, 2002, ISBN 978-2-911050-26-8 (French)