Agrius cingulata

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Agrius cingulata
Agrius cingulata sjh.JPG
Agrius cingulata.png
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Sphingidae
Genus: Agrius
Species: A. cingulata
Binomial name
Agrius cingulata
(Fabricius, 1775)[1]
Distribution.agrius.cingulatus.1.png
native range, see text for details
Synonyms
  • Sphinx cingulata Fabricius, 1775
  • Herse cingulata
  • Protoparce cingulata
  • Phlegethontius cingulata
  • Sphinx affinis Goeze, 1780
  • Sphinx pungens Eschscholtz, 1821
  • Sphinx druraei Donovan, 1810
  • Agrius cingulatus
  • Agrius cingulata ypsilon-nigrum Bryk, 1953
  • Herse cingulata pallida Closs, 1917
  • Herse cingulata tukurine Lichy, 1943
  • Sphinx cingulata decolora Edwards, 1882

The Pink-spotted Hawkmoth or Sweetpotato Hornworm (Agrius cingulata syn. A. cingulatus) is a species of moth in the Sphingidae family.

The imago has a wingspan of 334 - 434 inches (9.5 – 12 cm). Its robust body is gray-brown with pink bands. The abdomen tapers to a point. The hindwings are gray with black bands and pink at the bases. It is nocturnal. It feeds on the nectar from deep-throated flowers including moonflower (Calonyction aculeatum), morning glories (Convolvulus species), and petunias (Petunia species).

The larva is a large, stout caterpillar with a horn. It feeds during the day and the night on sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), Datura species, and other plants. It is known as a pest of sweet potato.

Distribution[edit]

This is mainly a neotropical species, and the adults migrate north to Canada and south to Patagonia and the Falkland Islands. It can also be found in the Galápagos Islands and Hawaii. It has been reported from western Europe, including Portugal. It has recently become established in West Africa and Cape Verde, possibly having originated in Brazil.[2][3][4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Cate-sphingidae.org. Archived from the original on 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  2. ^ Agrius cingulatus (section "Distribution")
  3. ^ Bauer, E.; Traub, B. (July 1980). Dr. Heinz Schröder for the Society Internationaler Entomologischer Verein, ed. "Zur Macrolepidopterenfauna der Kapverdischen Inseln" [On the Macrolepidoptera fauna of the Cape Verde Islands]. Entomologische Zeitschrift (in German) (Frankfurt am Main: Alfred Kernen Verlag in Stuttgart) 90 (14): 244–248.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  4. ^ Eduardo Marabuto (2006). "The Occurrence Of A Neotropical Hawkmoth In Southern Portugal: Agrius cingulatus". Boletín Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 38: 163–166. 

External links[edit]