Aguada de Cima

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Coordinates: 40°31′25.77″N 8°24′46.78″W / 40.5238250°N 8.4129944°W / 40.5238250; -8.4129944
Aguada de Cima
Civil Parish (Freguesia)
Coat of arms
Official name: Freguesia de Aguada de Cima
Country  Portugal
Region Centro
Subregion Baixo Vouga
District Aveiro
Municipality Águeda
Localities Aguadalte, Almas da Areosa, Bustelo, Cabeço Grande, Cabeço da Igreja, Cabeço de Lama, Cadaval, Canavai, Carvalhitos, Corsa, Engenho, Forcada, Formigueiro, Forno, Garrido, Ilha, Ínsua, Miragaia, Monte Verde, Pisão, Pisão da Forcada, Outeiro, Povoa de Baixo, Povoa de S. Domingos, Povoa do Teso, Povoa de Vale Trigo, S. Martinho, Seixo, Teso, Vale Grande, Vale do Lobo, Vila
Center Aguada de Cima
 - elevation 51 m (167 ft)
 - coordinates 40°31′25.77″N 8°24′46.78″W / 40.5238250°N 8.4129944°W / 40.5238250; -8.4129944
Length 9.62 km (6 mi), Northwest-Southeast
Width 5.57 km (3 mi), Southwest-Northeast
Area 28.39 km2 (11 sq mi)
Population 3,952 (2001)
Density 139.20 / km2 (361 / sq mi)
LAU Freguesia/Junta Freguesia
 - location Praça Santa Eulália, Aguada de Cima, Águeda
Timezone WET (UTC0)
 - summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
ISO 3166-2 code PT-
Postal Zone 3750-041 Aguada de Cima
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 123 XXX XXX
Patron Saint Saint Eulalia
Parish Address Praça Santa Eulália
3750-041 Aguada de Cima
Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística[1]
Website: http://www.jf-aguadadecima.pt/
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010)[2] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

Aguada de Cima is a civil parish in the Centro Region municipality of Águeda, in Portugal. Aguada De Cima covers a total area of 28.39 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 3952 inhabitants.

History[edit]

Aguada de Cima was a Roman outpost in or about 350 BC.

It was first mentioned in 132 A.D., as Aqualata. It was also mentioned under donation papers referring to the Monastery of Larvão, in 961, when the name of its patron saint (Saint Eulalia) was first indicated. It was later occupied by the monks of the Monastery of Vacarica during the Middle Ages, when they oversaw the agricultural development of the otherwise undisturbed lands in the Aguada De Cima basin.

In 1064, and under pressure, it was given to Dom Sesnando, in the Church of Milreu, in Coimbra, in 1113.

It was later passed onto the Portuguese Crown in 1128. In 1132, Afonso Henriques courted the town to the Cathedral of Coimbra, and was later transferred to the title of the University of Coimbra, where it held a special jurisdiction within the justice system. A foral was conceded on 23 August 1514, during the reign of Manuel I of Portugal, where it was the seat of the Captaincy of the region.

During the Liberal regime, it was under the protection/administration of the Dukes of Lafões, where it served as a region centre with pillory, gallows and court. Aguada de Cima was the municipal seat of its own municipality until 1834, the year in which it was disincorporated and merged into the municipality of Águeda. But, following the administrative reforms of 1835, it was reintegrated from 17 July 1835 until 31 December 1836, when it was finally extinct.

On 12 July 1997 it was elevated to the status of vila (town), and a replica of its historical pillory was installed on 12 July 2007.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares [2011 Census - Preliminary Results] (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 July 2011 
  2. ^ IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, retrieved 1 July 2011