|• Total||13.599 sq mi (35.222 km2)|
|• Land||13.599 sq mi (35.222 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||1,955 ft (596 m)|
|• Density||83/sq mi (32/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||269448; 2582929|
Aguanga is a census-designated place located within the Inland Empire, Riverside County, California. It is located 22 miles (35 km) south-southeast of Hemet. Aguanga lies at an elevation of 1955 feet (596 m). As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 1,128.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 13.6 square miles (35.2 km²), all of it land.
The community of Aguanga lies at the intersection of State Route 79 (SR 79) and State Route 371 (Cahuilla Road). This is along the historic Butterfield Overland Mail stage route. The area lies at about 1,940 feet (590 m) above mean sea level (AMSL) and is north of Cleveland National Forest. The straight-line distance to Palomar Observatory is 5.9 miles (9.5 km) south and the observatory site is about 3,500 feet (1,100 m) higher than the community. The town is also home to Cottonwood Elementary School (K–8) operated by the Hemet Valley Unified School District. The largest nearby city is Temecula, (along the Interstate 15 corridor), about 17 miles (27 km) west of Aguanga on SR 79.
This area is in Temecula Creek canyon between Pechanga tribal lands and the San Diego County line. Official U.S. Geological Survey NAD27 coordinates for the community are . It is within area code 951 and shares its ZIP Code, 92536, with the San Diego County Community of Holcomb Village.
Name and history of Aguanga
The town gets it name from a former village of the native Luiseño people called awáanga, meaning 'dog place'. The Butterfield Overland Mail established a station 1.7 miles to the west of the current Post Office, in 1858. It was at first called Tejungo Station and was located 14 miles east of Temecula Station and 12 miles northwest of Oak Grove Stage Station. The wooden building was located in a grove of trees a few hundred feet from the stage road. Soon however it was being called Aguanga Station after the name of the nearby Luiseño village.
The November 7, 1861 report of Lieut. Col. Joseph R. West, mentioned the abandoned station location was now called Giftaler’s Ranch, (after its German owner Joseph Giftaler) in a journal of his units march to Fort Yuma on the old Butterfield Overland Mail route. In a later Civil War itinerary of the route, it is referred to as the "Dutchman's". In 1863, Camp Giftaler Ranch was established at the ranch as a post along the march route of troops to Arizona Territory by the Union Army.
In 1864, Giftaler’s Ranch was purchased by Jacob Bergman, also a German immigrant, stagecoach driver and Union Army veteran, who operated the Bergman Ranch there for many years until his death on September 13, 1894. After the Civil war he ran Bergman's Stage Station there for the Banning and Tomlinson Stage lines for many years. During the Julian Gold Rush he ran the Guahonga post office there from July 27, 1870 to September 13, 1871. The post office for the area was then moved to Oak Grove until the Bergman post office was opened in 1894 but its name was changed to Aguanga in 1901.
Today the station site is on the Twin Creek Stage Stop Ranch, on Allmouth Road, found just east of the Stagecoach Inn at 43851 Highway 79, in Aguanga. The ruins of the old wooden station building and ranch house is located among a grove of trees, at the foot of the west end of the hill at the bottom of the meadow, along the right fork of Allmouth Road. The small, fenced-in Bergman Family Cemetery and the Jacob Bergman Marker are found on Caprice Road, 200 feet from the highway, just across the highway from the entrance to the ranch and a short distance to the east.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Aguanga had a population of 1,128. The population density was 82.9 people per square mile (32.0/km²). The racial makeup of Aguanga was 929 (82.4%) White, 11 (1.0%) African American, 20 (1.8%) Native American, 24 (2.1%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 109 (9.7%) from other races, and 35 (3.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 274 persons (24.3%).
The Census reported that 1,128 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 470 households, out of which 81 (17.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 279 (59.4%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 33 (7.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 22 (4.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 36 (7.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (0.2%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 107 households (22.8%) were made up of individuals and 65 (13.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40. There were 334 families (71.1% of all households); the average family size was 2.77.
The population was spread out with 173 people (15.3%) under the age of 18, 89 people (7.9%) aged 18 to 24, 161 people (14.3%) aged 25 to 44, 365 people (32.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 340 people (30.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53.4 years. For every 100 females there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.5 males.
There were 984 housing units at an average density of 72.4 per square mile (27.9/km²), of which 381 (81.1%) were owner-occupied, and 89 (18.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.2%. 881 people (78.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 247 people (21.9%) lived in rental housing units.
- U.S. Census
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Aguanga, California
- Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 1387. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
- Climate Summary for Aguanga, California
- Gudde, Erwin; William Bright (2004). California Place Names (Fourth ed.). University of California Press. p. 3. ISBN 0-520-24217-3.
- List of Stations from New York Times, October 14 1858, Itinerary of the Route
- Mildred B. Hoover, Hero E. and Ethel G. Rensch, revised by William N. Abeloe, Historic Spots in California, Third Edition, Stanford University Press, Stanford, 1966, p. 291
- Lyn Wilkerson, American Trails Revisited: Following in the Footsteps of the Western Pioneers, iUniverse, Inc., Lincoln, 2003, p. 319
- THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A COMPILATION OF THE OFFICIAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES, CHAPTER LXII. OPERATIONS ON THE PACIFIC COAST, JANUARY 1, 1861–JUNE 30, 1865, PART I, CORRESPONDENCE, pp. 710, 1017
- Historic California Posts: Camp Giftaler Ranch, The California State Military Museum, California State Military Department, from www.militarymuseum.org accessed June 5, 2013
- Lech, Steve (2012). Pioneers of Riverside County: The Spanish, Mexican and Early American Periods. Charleston, SC: The History Press. p. 88. ISBN 978-1609498313. OCLC 814373331.
- Frickstad, Walter N., A Century of California Post Offices 1848–1954, Philatelic Research Society, Oakland, CA. 1955, pp. 126–135, 147–158.
- Jacob Bergman Marker, THE HISTORICAL MARKER DATABASE, from hmdb.org accessed June 5, 2013
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Aguanga CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- Aguanga Website and Forums about Aguanga
- Buildings of the Jake Bergman Ranch, Geddes, L. J. [Copy Print]; Unidentified Photographer. Copy of a 19th-century photograph of buildings at the Jake Bergman Ranch in Aguanga, California, early to mid-1900s. Caption: JAKE BERGMAN RANCH, AGUANGA, CENTER BUILDING IS OLD BUTTERFIELD STAGE STATION TAKEN FROM OLD PRINT. Courtesy of Southwest Museum of the American Indian Collection from ehumanitydev.pti.indiana.edu accessed June 5, 2013.