Agustín Muñoz Grandes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Agustín Muñoz Grandes
Agustin Munoz Grandes.jpg
Agustín Muñoz Grandes
Deputy Prime Minister of Spain
In office
1962–1967
Leader Francisco Franco
Preceded by None, Office Created
Succeeded by Luis Carrero Blanco
Ministry of Defence (Spain)
In office
19 July 1951 – 25 February 1957
Preceded by Eduardo González-Gallarza
Succeeded by Salvador Moreno Fernández
Personal details
Born (1896-01-27)January 27, 1896
Madrid, Spain
Died July 11, 1970(1970-07-11) (aged 74)
Madrid, Spain
Political party FET y de las JONS (Falange)
Military service
Allegiance Spain Kingdom of Spain (1915–1932)
 Spanish Republic (1932–1936)
 Nationalist Spain (1936–1941, 1943-1950)
 Nazi Germany (1941-1942)
Service/branch Army
Wehrmacht
Years of service 1915–1941, 1943–1950 (Spain)
1941–1943 (Germany)
Rank General
Commands Blue Division
Battles/wars Rif War

Spanish Civil War

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Medalla Militar

Agustín Muñoz Grandes (January 27, 1896 – July 11, 1970) was a Spanish general, and politician, vice-president of the Spanish Government and minister with Francisco Franco several times; also known as the commander of the Blue Division between 1941 and 1943.

Biography[edit]

Born to a humble family in Madrid, Muñoz Grandes enrolled at the Toledo Infantry Academy while in his teens. Upon graduating, he was deployed to Morocco in 1915 and took part in the decisive Battle of Alhucemas. Muñoz Grandes fought for the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War and was promoted to General, taking command in the Army of Africa. He led the Spanish Legionnaires in the attack that of Málaga for the Nationalists in February 1937.

In 1941, Muñoz Grandes was given command of the División Azul, Generalísimo Franco's volunteer unit created for service under the Wehrmacht in Russia. Muñoz Grandes was well acquainted with the German military establishment, and attended several interviews with Wilhelm Canaris and Adolf Hitler.

During his command Muñoz Grandes was decorated with the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, with Oak Leaves personally added by Hitler. He was recalled to Spain in December 1942. A promotion to Lieutenant General awaited him at home, and his post on the Eastern Front was taken up by Emilio Esteban Infantes.

Muñoz Grandes was appointed Captain-General of I Military District in 1945 and Minister of Defence in 1950. He served as First Vice President of Spain from 1962 to 1967.

Muñoz Grandes died in 1970.

Awards[edit]

  • Iron Cross (1939)
    • 2nd Class (8 September 1941)[1]
    • 1st Class (19 January 1942)[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Thomas 1998, p. 112.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Kleinfeld, Gerald A. (1979). Hitler's Spanish Legion: The Blue Division in Russia. Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 0-8093-0865-7. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. 
Government offices
Preceded by
General Fidel Dávila Arrondo
Ministro del Ejército
Spanish Minister of Defense

19 July 1951 – 25 February 1957
Succeeded by
General Antonio Barroso y Sánchez-Guerra