Agustín de Iturbide y Green

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Agustín
Prince of Iturbide
Agustin de Iturbide y Green.jpg
Spouse Lucy Eleanor Jackson (married 1894)
Mary Louise Kearney (married 1915)
Full name
Agustín de Iturbide y Green
House Iturbide-Habsburg
Father Prince Angel of Mexico
Mother Alice Green
Born (1863-04-02)2 April 1863
Mexico City, Mexican Empire
Died 3 March 1925(1925-03-03) (aged 61)
Washington DC, United States
Burial Roman Catholic Church of St John the Evangelist, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Religion Roman Catholicism

Don Agustín de Iturbide y Green, Prince of Iturbide (2 April 1863, Mexico City, Mexico – 3 March 1925, Washington, D.C.) was the grandson of Agustín de Iturbide, the first emperor of independent Mexico, and his consort Empress Ana María. He became the adopted son, along with his cousin Salvador de Itúrbide y de Marzán, of Mexico's only other royal heads of state—Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico and Empress Carlota of Mexico. After the death of Maximilian he became Head of the Imperial House of Mexico, but had no children. His claims passed to the daughter of his cousin, Salvador, Maria Josepha Sophia de Iturbide.

Family[edit]

Iturbide was the son of Emperor Agustin I's second son H.H. Prince Don Ángel Maria de Iturbide y Huarte (2 October 1816 – 21 July 1872) and his American wife Alice Green (ca. 1836 – 1892), granddaughter of US Congressman and Revolutionary War Gen. Uriah Forrest and great-granddaughter of George Plater, Governor of Maryland.

Her older sister, Elizabeth Rousby Green, (married name Elizabeth Queensberry) b. ca. 1825 became a historical footnote when President Lincoln's assassin John Wilkes Booth arrived at her house after crossing the Potomac River on his escape route. Had Booth managed to flee the country, his hope had been to seek asylum in Mexico.

Mexican heir[edit]

Prince Yturbide.jpg

When Maximilian and Carlota ascended the throne of Mexico in 1863 with the support of the French troops of Napoleon III, the new monarchs invited the Iturbide family back to Mexico. As it became clear that Maximilian and Carlota could have no children together, they offered to adopt Iturbide, which was agreed to with enthusiasm by his father and reluctance by his mother. They formally named Iturbide their heir on 13 September 1865, with the title His Highness, Prince de Iturbide.

Post monarchy[edit]

With the overthrow of the monarchy in 1867, his biological family took him first to England and then back to the United States, where they settled in Washington, D.C. When he came of age Iturbide, who graduated from Georgetown University, renounced his claim to the throne and title and returned to Mexico. He then served as an officer in the Mexican army. After publishing articles critical of President Porfirio Díaz, he was arrested in 1890 on charges of sedition and sentenced to 14 months of imprisonment.[1] After his release he was sent into exile, where Iturbide suffered two severe nervous breakdowns that resulted in him believing he was going to be assassinated.[2] Eventually he returned to Georgetown where he taught as a professor of Spanish and French languages at Georgetown University.

For some years before his marriage, Iturbide lived at a monastery near Washington, D.C., where he worked as a translator.[3]

Marriage[edit]

In 1915 he married Mary Louise Kearney (1872–1967), daughter of Brigadier General James Kearney.[4] They had no children.

Death[edit]

Agustín de Iturbide y Green died in Washington, D.C., after suffering a serious nervous and physical breakdown.[1] He was buried at the Church of St John the Evangelist, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania alongside his paternal grandmother, Empress Ana María of Mexico.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prince Augustin Yturbide: Most of His Life Spent in Washington", The New York Times, 4 May 1890
  2. ^ "Casa Imperial - Don Agustin de Iturbide". Archived from the original on 14 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  3. ^ "Prince Iturbide to Wed", The New York Times, 5 July 1915
  4. ^ "Prince Iturbide Marries", The New York Times, 6 July 1915

External links[edit]

Agustín de Iturbide y Green
Cadet branch of the House of Iturbide
Born: 2 April 1863 Died: 3 March 1925
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Emperor Maximiliano I
— TITULAR —
Emperor of Mexico
19 June 1867 – 3 March 1925
Reason for succession failure:
Empire abolished in 1867
Succeeded by
Princess Maria