Ahlehadeeth Movement Bangladesh

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Ahlehadeeth Movement Bangladesh
Founder Dr. Muhammad Asadullah Al-Ghalib
Ameer Dr. Muhammad Asadullah Al-Ghalib
General Secretary Professor Nurul Islam
Slogan Abolish all other rules and establish the rule of "Wahi" the last revelation of Allah swt
(Arabic: فك كل نظام وأقم نظام الوحي الختامي ‎)
Founded 23 September 1994
Headquarters Nawdapara, Sapura, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Newspaper Monthly At-tahreek, Tawheeder Dak
Ideology Islamism
Salafism
Ahlehadeeth
Political position Strong hold for Islamic Shariah
Colors Green, white
Website
www.ahlehadeethbd.org

The Ahlehadeeth Movement Bangladesh (Arabic: جمعية تحريك أهل الحديث بنغلاديش‎, Bengali: আহলেহাদীছ আন্দোলন বাংলাদেশ Ahlehadeeth Andolon Bangladesh) is one of the notable religious organizations of Bangladesh. It is founded by Dr Muhammad Asadullah Al-Ghalib on early nineties and it has an ideology, which believes in implementing Sharia law in all spheres of life.[1]

History[edit]

On late seventies, 1978, a student of Dhaka University, Muhammad Asadullah Al-Ghalib has established a youth organization named "Bangladesh Ahlehadeeth Jubo Shangho" to mobilize the Ahlehadeeth youths and students around the country. Starting from Dhaka, the Jubo Sangha soon had branches in all districts of northern Bengal as well as in major cities of other regions.[2] By founding this organization Dr Ghalib wanted the Ahlehadeeth to assert their distinct religious identity and then translate this religious identity into an organized socio-political reform movement with a clear religious agenda. So Dr. Ghalib soon developed a network of mosques, madrassas, publishing houses, NGOs and dozens of other Ahlehadeeth-affiliated organizations, including the Ahlehadeeth Mohila Sangstha (Ahlehadeeth Women Association) and Sonamoni, a network of clubs for Ahlehadeeth children on the model of the Boy Scouts. Thus Dr. Ghalib soon emerged as the main spokesman of the Ahlehadeeth in the country. At last he established his main organization known as "Ahlehadeeth Andolan Bangladesh" in 1994 under the supervision of which all other branches are now managed and operated.[3]

Going back, it was Moulana Abdullahil Kafi Al-Quraishi who, in 1946, founded the "Nikhil Bangla Assam Jamiyat-e-Ahle Hadith" In Haragach, Rangpur. Upon his death in 1960, Dr. Abdul Bari became leader of the organization. He remained in this post till his death in 2003. Due to the ideological difference of opinion, Dr Ghalib disassociated himself formally from the Jamiyat-e-Ahl-e-Hadith of Dr. Bari in 1994 and established his own separate organization known as "Ahlehadeeth Andolon Bangladesh".[4]

Ideology[edit]

The main characteristics of this organization could be identified as follows :

  • The reinvigorated emphasis on Tawheed (the unity of Allah) and opposition to the popular practices of visiting the shrines of saints, worshiping them, or invoking their names in supplication, which they regard as a form of shirk. They are also opposed to all kinds of Sufi doctrines and practices that they hold as un-Islamic. On the same point of view they also reject all modernist philosophical and political thoughts and schools of law like Secularism, Democracy, Socialism, Communism, Nationalism etc., as all these doctrines and man-made laws are opposed to the Islamic shariah and directly challenge the supremacy and sovereignty of Allah as the law maker.
  • Establishment of the supremacy of Wahi (last revelation) i.e. the Quran and Sunnah in all spheres of human life. To them, the religious and legal matters have been clearly stated and resolved in the two primary scriptures – the Quran and the corpus of Hadeeth – and if there are issues on which there is no direct or clear guidance in these two sources, Muslims should exercise ijtihad (independent judgment, but within the general guidelines of the Quran and the Hadeeth).
  • Rejection of the doctrine of taqlid (blind imitation), that is, the doctrine that one must follow either of the four established, orthodox schools of law – Hanafi, Shafi’i, Maliki, and Hanbali. To them, Muslims are not religiously bound to follow the legal injunctions formulated by any scholars or Imams or so on, if it is based on qiyas (analogical reasoning) and ra’iy (personal opinions). It is as because the classical jurists and the founders of the schools of law were not infallible. It is not that the followers of other schools of thought do not follow Hadeeth; the difference between Ahlehadeeth and others schools (Mazaahib) is that while others, by conviction, accept a given interpretation of the Quran and Hadeeth as authoritative, Ahlehadeeth regard these interpretations as based on “opinions” and thus not religiously binding.

On the basis of this doctrinal position, Ahlehadeeth distinguish themselves from the Hanafis, Shafis, Malikis, Hanbalis and all other Sunni groups of Islam on several matters of the practice of religious rituals, personal law, and some matters of Shariah that have become the hallmark of their sectarian identity. But what emphatically defines the theocratic particularism of Ahlehadeeth in the Indian Subcontinent, however, is not the specificity of their ritual practices, but their uncompromising position on Tawheed and their outright rejection of the doctrine of taqlid.[5]

Maulana Abu’l Hasan Nadvi (d. 2000), a well-known Islamic scholar of India who published extensively on Islamic movements in the subcontinent, identifies four foundational beliefs that constitute the core of the Ahlehadeeth movement in India: (a) uncompromising commitment to Unitarianism (Tawheed); (b) complete obedience to the Sunnah (way) of the Prophet; (c) enthusiasm for jihad; and (d) complete submission to Allah [6]

Objectives[edit]

According to a booklet of the organization, the objective of this movement in Bangladesh is - "to propagate and inculcate pure Tawheed in all spheres of life by following exact instructions of Kitab and Sunnah to gain satisfaction of Allah. The social and political objectives of Ahlehadeeth Movement is to bring about all round reforms of the society through ensuring the rectification of Aqeedah and 'Amal (i.e. faith & deeds)".

Along with this objective it has also some basic principles like :

  • Establishment of sovereign rights of the Kitab and Sunnah (i.e. to give utmost priority of the orders and prohibitions of the holy Quran and Saheeh Hadeeth and to follow them unconditionally).
  • To wipe out Taqleed-i-Shakhsi (i.e. not to accept any one's opinion blindly in the matters of shari'ah without proper documents).
  • To keep open the door of Ijtihad (Ijtihad' means to make all out efforts to find out answer of all questions of the age from the holy Quran and Saheeh Hadeeth.To keep open this right for all qualified scholars (Alims) till the Day of Resurrection).
  • To accept Islam as only solution for all problems (i.e. in all religious and earthly matters Islam is to be accepted as only solution).
  • The consolidation of Muslim unity (i.e. to give priority the overall interest of the Muslim Ummah).

Through implementation of the aforesaid aims, objectives and principles, it wants "to establish such an Islamic society, where there shall be appeared no heterogeneous isms in the name of progressiveness, nor any Mazhabi parochialism in the name of Islam".[7]

Political struggle[edit]

On February 23, 2005, the government of Bangladesh announced the arrest of Dr. Ghalib, an Associate Professor of Arabic at Rajshahi University and the President of the largest and most well-organized Ahlehadeeth group in Bangladesh, Ahlehadeeth Andolan Bangladesh (AHAB), filing charges of abduction, robbery, murder, bomb blasts, and possession of explosives. Along with him another three leaders of AHAB had been arrested at the same time and later on more than 40 members of the organization had been arrested from different cities of Bangladesh on the basis of suspicion.[8][9] Dr. Ghalib had been shown arrest in ten cases in a single day. Rhetorical reports in this regard overflowed from newspapers that at one point of time, militant JMB leader Shaikh Abdur Rahman was closely associated with Dr. Ghalib. But Dr. Ghalib denied it vehemently and claimed that he had no relation with him and didn't even know him personally. After his arrest even though the government prosecutors had not presented any evidence against Dr. Ghalib for his involvement in violent activities – or indicating that he instructed his followers to conduct terrorist operations, he kept remaining in jail uncharged. Then the AHAB made a huge protest around the country against the government's move against him and demanded unconditional release of all its leaders and members. At last long after three years of the arrest, Dr. Ghalib got released from the custody on August 2008 and later on, acquitted in all the cases one by one.[10] It is alleged that he was the victim of evil plot of some vested political and religious quarters aiming to defame his name and his organization.[4][11]

Organizations[edit]

It has three affiliated organizations – "Ahlehadeeth Mahila Sangstha" for women, "Sonamoni Sangathan" for children, and "Ahlehadeeth Jubo Sangha" for students and youth. It also has two more organizations – the "Hadeeth Foundation Bangladesh" and "Tawheed Trust". The Hadeeth Foundation publishes all the publications of the organisation and The Towheed Trust is an NGO and runs with donor funds to set up mosques and madrassas and for social work.[4] After the arrest of the founder, during his absence, two of his associates held the post of acting Ameer :

  • Dr Muhammad Muslehuddin ( acting on 2005-2006)
  • Shaikh Abdus Samad Salafi (acting on 2006-2008)

Think tanks[edit]

"Hadeeth Foundation Research department" Rajshahi, and "Darul Hadeeth educational society" are working independently on various research field of the organization. The monthly publications (Monthly At-tahreek, Tawheeder Dak), newsletters, research books and educational programs of these institutions deal with the theoretical and practical issues of the organization and to propagate its Da'wah.

Education[edit]

Ahlehadeeth Andolon Bangladesh created an "Education department" headed by professor Abdul Latif. This department is in contact with 12 different madrasas like Al-Markazul Islami As-Salafi, Rajshahi and Darul Hadeeth Salafia Madrasa, Satkhira in different parts of the country. It is also running the "Sonamoni school Project" for children.[12]

Personalities[edit]

  • Dr. Muhammad Asadullah Al-Ghalib- Founder Ameer.
  • Professor Nurul Islam - General Secretary.
  • Professor Nozrul Islam - President, Central advisory board
  • Dr. Muslehuddin - Ex-naib-e-Ameer.
  • Shaikh Abdus Samad Salafi - Ex-naib-e-Ameer.
  • Principle Abdus Samad - Ex-naib-e-Ameer.
  • Dr. Muhammad Sakhawat Hossain - Editor, Monthly At-tahreek.
  • Abdur Razzaque bin Yousuf - Member, Darul Ifta (Central Sharia Board).
  • Muzaffar bin Muhsin - President, Bangladesh Ahlehadeeth Juboshangho.
  • Maulana Md.Muslim - Secretary General, 'Tawheed Trust',Dhaka.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]