Ahmad of Brunei

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Ahmad of Brunei / Awang Pateh Berbai
3rd Sultan of Brunei
Reign 1408 CE - 1425 CE[citation needed]
Died 1402 CE
Predecessor Abdul Majid Hassan
Successor Sharif Ali

Ahmad of Brunei (also known as Awang Pateh Berbai or Pateh Berbai) was the third Sultan of Brunei. He was the brother of the first sultan Muhammad Shah of Brunei. He ascended the throne in 1408 and changed his name to Ahmad. He was succeeded on his death by his son-in-law Sharif Ali.

Other information[edit]

He was the first Pengiran Bendahara (Vizier) in Brunei, later given the title Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara. He married the younger sister of Ong Sum Ping (also known as Pengiran Maharaja Lela). Sultan Ahmad died in 1425, while his son Nakhoda Angging was Brunei Maharaja in the Sulu and thus, was succeeded by his son-in-law, Sultan Seri Ali or Sharif Ali, the great Sufi Berkat.


The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei history. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources [1] The Batu Tarsilah - the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei - was not started until 1807. Therefore, much of the intepretation on history relied on earlier Chinese sources and legends.[2] It seems that the early Sultanate of Brunei was dependent on Chinese support,[2][3][4] and perhaps early Sultans were of Chinese origin[2]. Furthermore the earliest Sultans may have been practicing the Hindu or Buddhist religions, with early names indicating this origin [1].


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