Ahmad Fathi Sorour

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Ahmad Fathi Sorour
Vladimir Putin in Egypt 26-27 April 2005-14.jpg
Sorour (right) with President of Russia Vladimir Putin on 27 April 2005.
Speaker of the People's Assembly of Egypt
In office
13 December 1990 – 13 February 2011
Preceded by Rifaat el-Mahgoub
Succeeded by *Saad El-Katatny
Personal details
*Office vacant from 13 February 2011 to 23 January 2012

Ahmad Fathi Sorour (born 9 July 1932) is an Egyptian politician who was the Speaker of the People's Assembly of Egypt from 1990 until the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. Previously he served in the government as Minister of Education from 1986 to 1990.

Dr. Sorour was first elected to the People's Assembly in April 1989 was elected Speaker in November 1990. He was President of the Council of the Inter-Parliamentary Union in 1994–1997 and also served as President of the Union of African Parliaments in 1990–1991. According to Article 84 of the Egyptian Constitution, Sorour, as speaker of the People's Assembly, was first in the order of succession to become President of Egypt if the president died, became incapacitated, or resigned.[1] Upon the resignation of Hosni Mubarak in 2011, however, the military, headed by Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, assumed control of the state.[2]

Allegations and controversies[edit]

Allegations of non-compliance with the judiciary[edit]

Sorour was widely criticized for article 93 of the Egyptian Constitution "The parliament is the master of its decisions", meaning that the parliament could make its decision about membership regardless to any judicial decisions. This article caused significant concerns amidst allegations that the Egyptian parliamentary elections were repeatedly systematically rigged. Sorour continued to assert that the parliament is the competent authority to decide as to the validity of its memberships despite the widely acknowledged allegations of rigging.[3] Following the Egyptian revolution of 2011 Sorour's parliament was dissolved and article 93 was referred for revision.

2011 revolution[edit]

In the aftermath of the revolution in Egypt (January 25, 2011- February 11, 2011) the Supreme Military Council, led by Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, was appointed to the position of Acting President. The Supreme Military Council dissolved the Egyptian Parliament which was headed by Sorour. This came following widespread allegations that the elections leading to this parliament, headed by Sorour, were rigged.[4] On February 14, 2011 the Egyptian daily news Alwafd reported that the ruling military authorities opted to prosecute a senior member of Sorour's team for allegedly burning confidential documents in Srour's office. The same newspaper reported that a restraining order was issued preventing Sorour from entering the parliament building following allegations of smuggling undisclosed documents from the building.[5] Sorour is seen among the figures that caused the fall of Mubarak's rule. Some see that Mubarak's mistake was that he has increasingly given too much latitude to his son's cabal, including Ahmad Fathi Sorour, among others.[6]

Fathi Sorour openly supported measures taken to crack down on the pro-democracy demonstrations in Egypt. In a televised interview with Elmehwar TV Sorour was asked for an opinion on the US disapproval of the Egyptian authorities' action: disconnecting internet services in an attempt to halt the demonstrations. Sorour replied that the US "did more than that when it was subjected to terrorism", portraying some similarity between pro-democracy demonstrators in Egypt and the terrorists who attacked the United States. Sorour subsequently stated that he didn't view the pro-democracy demonstrators as terrorists.[7]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Parliament of Egypt
Preceded by
Rifaat el-Mahgoub
Speaker of the People's Assembly
1990–2011
Succeeded by
Saad Al-Katatny