|Known for||Amnesty International prisoner of conscience|
Ahmad Qatamesh (born 1950) is a Palestinian academic and writer. He was accused by the Israeli government of being a leader of the militant group Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and was imprisoned from 1992 to 1998, at the time the longest detention without trial of a Palestinian prisoner. Israeli authorities stated that he instigated attacks against Israeli forces from prison.
In 2011, he was arrested again and held under a series of seven short-term detention orders; UK-based Amnesty International designated him a prisoner of conscience. As of April 2013 he remains in detention.
 1992 detention without trial
In 1992, he was accused by the Israeli government of being a leader of the militant group Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). He was then imprisoned without trial until 1998, which at the time was the longest detention without trial of a Palestinian prisoner. The Israeli security service Shin Bet accused Qatamesh of instigating attacks against Israelis, and an Israeli media outlet reported that he was suspected of instigating terrorist attacks even from inside his prison. Qatamesh's lawyer responded that Qatamesh "has always said that he is a writer and politician and that he will struggle politically, not violently, against the Israeli occupation and against the so-called peace process."
A popular campaign against detention without trial by a coalition of Israeli leftist politicians and artists preceded his release, of which Qatamesh became the cause celebre. A spokesman for the government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called the release a "goodwill gesture" made on the condition that Qatamesh and other prisoners "publicly renounce terrorism". Palestinian flags and a large PFLP banner adorned Katamesh's home when he returned from prison.
 2011 arrest
On 21 April 2011, he was arrested again and held without charge through a series of detention orders. According to Qatamesh's lawyer, he was interrogated for a total of only ten minutes during his detention, during which he was accused of continued involvement with the PFLP. Qatamesh stated that his involvement with the group had ended thirteen years before. His detention was renewed five more times; as of 29 April 2013, he was told that he would be held for at least four more months.
Amnesty International designated Qatamesh a prisoner of conscience and called for his release. The organization stated that "To Amnesty International's knowledge, he has never been involved with PFLP-affiliated armed groups or advocated violence ... the reasons for Ahmad Qatamesh’s arrest and continued administrative detention are his peaceful expression, in his writing and teaching, of non-violent political views and the fact that he is considered a mentor for left-wing students and political activists, some of whom may be affiliated to the PFLP. As such, his detention may be part of the Israeli authorities' strategy to put pressure on the PFLP organisation."
- "Israeli Occupation Forces Arrest Palestinian Writer Ahmad Qatamesh". New Socialist. 24 April 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Israel frees Palestinian prisoner". Rocky Mountain News. 16 April 1998. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Israel Frees Jailed Palestinian". The New York Times. 16 April 1998. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Rebecca Trounson (16 April 1998). "Israel Frees Arab Held for 6 Years Without Charge". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Academic Receives Third Detention Order". Amnesty International. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Amnesty calls on Israel to release Palestinian academic". Al Alkhbar. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Palestinian academic given detention extension must be released". Amnesty International. 25 April 2013. Archived from the original on 25 April 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2013.