Ahmad Shah of Pahang

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Ahmad Shah
Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
Reign 29 March 1979 – 25 April 1984
Predecessor Yahya Petra of Kelantan
Successor Iskandar of Johor
Sultan of Pahang
Reign 7 May 1974 - Present
Predecessor Abu Bakar of Pahang
Spouse Tengku Ampuan Afzan (d. 1988)
Sultanah Kalsom binti Abdullah
Issue Tengku Abdullah
Full name
Haji Ahmad Shah ibni Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Shah
Father Abu Bakar of Pahang
Born (1930-10-24) 24 October 1930 (age 83)
Pekan, Pahang, Federated Malay States, British Malaya

Ahmad Shah ibni Abu Bakar[1] (born 24 October 1930 at Istana Mangga Tunggal, Pekan) is the fifth Sultan of Pahang of Pahang, and also served as the seventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 1979 to 1984.

Biography[edit]

Born Tengku Ahmad Shah, he was the only son of Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassimu Billah Shah (reigned 1932–1974) by his official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Besar Fatimah binti Almarhum Sultan Sir Alang Iskandar Shah II Kaddasullah.

A student of the Malay College Kuala Kangsar, he received diplomas in public administration from Worcester College, Oxford and Exeter University. He succeeded his father as sultan in 1974.

His election as Yang di-Pertuan Agong in 1979 was marked with controversy as he was said to be at odds with the incoming prime minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. However, the rumours proved to be untrue and he proved to be a keen admirer of the prime minister.

A controversial, headstrong personality, he has often forced his chief ministers to resign over minor differences.

His favourite hobby was playing football, golf, polo, and equestrian.

Sultan Ahmad Shah is a keen sportsman and President of the Malaysian Football Association (FAM)[2] and President of Asian Football Confederation (AFC) until 2002 and Asean Football Federation (AFF) 2011.

His official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Afzan binti Tengku Panglima Perang Muhammad, a member of the Terengganu royal family, served as his Raja Permaisuri Agong but died of cancer on her return to Pahang on 29 June 1988. Sultan Ahmad Shah's second wife Kalsom binti Abdullah (nee Anita), was designated as the Sultanah of Pahang in 1991.

Honours[edit]

Building of the Sultan Ahmad Shah Mosque in Kuantan, Pahang

As the Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 1979 to 1984, Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah was automatically designated under constitutional provisions as the Supreme Commander of the Malaysian Armed Forces, holding the rank of the Field Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force, Admiral of the Royal Malaysian Navy and Field Marshal of the Army.[3]

He is today the RMAF's Colonel in Chief and appears in RMAF ceremonies.

He has been awarded :[4]

Honours of Pahang[edit]

National and Sultanal Honours[edit]

Foreign Honours[edit]

Legacy[edit]

Several projects and institutions were named after the Sultan, including:

Educational institutions[edit]

Buildings, Bridges and Roads[edit]

Others[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Coercion and Governance: The Declining Political Role of the Military in Asia, Muthiah Alagappa, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-4227-8
  • Information Malaysia, Published by Berita Publ. Sdn. Bhd., 1989
  • The Europa Year Book, Europa Publications Limited, 1984, ISBN 0-905118-96-0

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sultan Yahya Petra
(Sultan of Kelantan)
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
(King of Malaysia)

1979-1984
Succeeded by
Sultan Iskandar
(Sultan of Johor)
Preceded by
Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassimu Billah Shah
Sultan of Pahang
1974-current
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Civic offices
Preceded by
Hamzah Abu Samah
President of Asian Football Confederation
1994–2002
Succeeded by
Mohamed bin Hammam