Ahmad ibn Ibrahim, al-Mustansir

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Ahmad ibn Ibrahim Abu al-Abbas, al-Mustansir
Sultan of Morocco (disputed)
Reign 1374–1384, 1387–1393
Predecessor Muhammad abu Zayyan as-Saîd II
Successor Abd al-Aziz II ibn Ahmad II
Dynasty Marinid
Died 1393
Religion Muslim

Ahmad ibn Ibrahim, Abu al-Abbas, al-Mustansir was Marinid Sultan of Morocco from 1374 to 1384.[1]

Ahmad's predecessor Muhammad Abu Zayyan had ascended the throne as a minor in 1372 on the death of his father, Abu Faris Abd al-Aziz.[2] The Nasrid ruler Muhammed V of Granada sent two Marinid princes to Morocco whom he had been holding captive in Granada: Ahmad Abu al-Abbas and Abdul Rahman bin Yaflusin, and supported them in taking control of northern Morocco.[3]

Ahmad became the Sultan of Fez in 1374, while Abdul Rahman became the independent Sultan of Marrakesh. Ibn al-Khatib, a former vizier of Granada and distinguished man of letters, had taken refuge in Morocco. Abu Abbas had him executed as Muhammed V wished, and handed over Sabta (Ceuta) to Muhammad V.[3]

Abu Abbas was temporarily replaced in 1384 by Musa ibn Faris al-Mutawakkil.[1] His deposition was engineered by the Nasrids. Musa ibn Faris Abu Faris al-Mutawakkil was a disabled son of the former Sultan Abu Inan Faris.[citation needed] Musa Ben Faris ruled until 1386, and was replaced by Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Wathiq, who ruled until 1387. Abu Abbas then regained the throne.[4] After his restoration, Abu Abbas began to give more power to the vizirs. While Morocco was at peace, Abu Abbas reconquered Tlemcen and Algiers.

Abu Al-Abbas died in 1393 in Taza, and Abd al-Aziz II ibn Ahmad II was designated the new sultan. During the troubles that followed, the Christian sovereigns carried the war into Morocco.

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ a b Lane-Poole 2004, p. 58.
  2. ^ Singh 2004, p. 404.
  3. ^ a b Abun-Nasr 1987, p. 114.
  4. ^ Ilahiane 2006, p. 156.

Sources