Ahmed Abdallah

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Ahmed Abdallah Abderemane
President of the State of Comoros
In office
July 6, 1975 – August 3, 1975
Preceded by country gains independence, position created
Succeeded by Said Mohamed Jaffar
Constituency Comoros
Co-Chairman of the Politico-Military Directorate of the Federal and Islamic Republic of Comoros
In office
May 23, 1978 – October 25, 1978
Preceded by position created
Succeeded by position abolished
President of the Federal and Islamic Republic of Comoros
In office
October 25, 1978 – November 26, 1989
Preceded by position created
Succeeded by Said Mohamed Djohar
Personal details
Born (1919-06-12)June 12, 1919
Domoni, Anjouan
Died November 26, 1989(1989-11-26) (aged 70)
Moroni, Grande Comore
Nationality Comoros
Political party Comoros Democratic Union, then Comorian Union for Progress

Ahmed Abdallah Abderemane (Arabic: أحمد عبد الله عبد الرحمن‎, Ahmad Abd Allah Abd ar-Rahman, 12 June 1919 – 26 November 1989)[1] was a Comorian politician. He was President of the Comoros from 25 October 1978 until his death.[2]

Life prior to the presidency[edit]

Abdallah was born in Domoni, on the island of Anjouan. He began participating in the government in the 1940s, while the Comoros were still part of France. He was the President of the general council from 1949 until 1953, and was the chairman of the chamber of deputies during the 1970s.[3]

First presidency[edit]

In 1972, Abdallah, now leader of his political party, the Comoros Democratic Union (UDC), became president of the government council and Chief Minister of the Comoros;[4] he served in that position until 6 July 1975, when the islands became independent from France, (with the exception of Mayotte, which voted to remain part of France.)[5] Abdallah became the first president of the independent islands, but was overthrown by Said Mohamed Jaffar in a coup d'état on August 3, 1975.[6] Jaffar, in turn, would be overthrown by Ali Soilih in 1976.[7]

Second presidency[edit]

Abdallah (who had been living in exile Paris, France) staged a coup against Soilih in 1978 with the help of mercenary Bob Denard.[6] After Said Atthoumani had served as "Chairman of the Politico-Military Directorate" for ten days, Abdallah and Mohamed Ahmed assumed the titles of "Co-Chairmen of the Politico-Military Directorate."[8] On 22 July, their titles were changed to "Co-Chairmen of the Directorate," and on 3 October, Abdallah became the lone chair.[8]

On 25 October, Abdallah assumed the title of president and remained in office until his death, despite three separate coup attempts against him.[9] In 1982, Abdallah had the UDC and all other parties abolished, and a new party, the Comorian Union for Progress (UCP), was set up.[10] Comoros became a one-party state, with the UCP being the only legal party.[10]

Abdallah was re-elected unopposed in 1984.[7] On 26 November 1989, he was shot dead in his Moroni office during a coup led by Ali Soilih's half-brother, Said Mohamed Djohar.[11] Djohar took control of the country the next day.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ahmed Abdallah". Kentix Computing. Archived from the original on 8 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  2. ^ "Histoire des Comores". MweziNet. 2006-11-16. Retrieved 2006-12-26. 
  3. ^ a b Security concerns - Comoros
  4. ^ A Political Chronology of Africa. Taylor & Francis, 2001, ISBN 1857431162, p. 92.
  5. ^ Mayotte. Central Intelligence Agency. 2006-12-29. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  6. ^ a b Thomson Gale authors. Comoros History. Encyclopedia of the Nations. Archived from the original on 24 November 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  7. ^ a b Ottenheimer, Martin; Harriet Joseph Ottenheimer. History (from Comoros). Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 16 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  8. ^ a b Cahoon, Benjamin M. "Comoros". Worldstatesmen.org. Archived from the original on 5 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-29. 
  9. ^ Chernow, Barbara A., and George A. Vallasi, ed. (1993). "Comoros". The Columbia Encyclopedia (Fifth edition ed.). Columbia University Press. p. 615. ISBN 0-395-62438-X. 
  10. ^ a b Thomson Gale authors. Comoros Political Parties. Encyclopedia of the Nations. Archived from the original on 24 November 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  11. ^ World: Africa Comoros mercenary cleared of assassination BBC, 19 May 1999.
Preceded by
position created
Head of State of the Comoros
6 July 1975–3 August 1975
Succeeded by
Said Mohamed Jaffar
Preceded by
position created
Chairman of the Directorate
3 October 1978–25 October 1978
Succeeded by
position abolished
Preceded by
position created
President of the Comoros
25 October 1978 – 26 November 1989
Succeeded by
Said Mohamed Djohar