|Born||1966 (age 47–48)
|Charge(s)||no charge (extrajudicial detention)|
Ahmed Rashidi (also known as Ahmed Errachidi) is a citizen of Morocco who was held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba. Rashidi's Guantanamo ISN was 590. The Department of Defense reports that he was born on March 16, 1966, in Tangiers, Morocco.
Rashidi's lawyer, Clive Stafford Smith, wrote an article in The Guardian on June 14, 2006, commenting on the American reaction to the three Guantanamo detainees who committed suicide on June 10, 2006. Smith comments focussed on what he characterized as the camp authority's leaders plans to prevent future suicides by increasing their brutality. In particular he commented on Colonel Michael Bumgarner's announcement that he would send a five-man riot squad in to conduct a Forcible Cell Entry to forcibly strip Rashidi of his brown coveralls. Smith said that Rashidi had already had mental and emotional problems prior to being sent to the camp.
- 1 Combatant Status Review
- 2 Habeas corpus documents
- 3 Boston Globe investigations
- 4 Sleep deprivation
- 5 Reported to have been cleared for release
- 6 Repatriation and release
- 7 2009 interview with Michelle Shephard
- 8 Memoir
- 9 2013 interview for New American Media
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Combatant Status Review
Rashidi did not attend his Combatant Status Review Tribunal.
Habeas corpus documents
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Rashidi had a habeas corpus petition submitted on his behalf. As a consequence a dossier of documents from his CSR Tribunal was published. Rashishi's dossier was 19 pages long.
His status was reviewed by Tribunal panel 13, on October 7, 2004.
"Detainee was extremely verbally belligerent towards both myself and translator. Detainee was making accusations of the US Government throughout the interview. During the time, when the Unclassified Summary of Evidence was read to him, he became extremely agitated and verbally belligerent. He started physicalIy, moving in his chair and making movements towards the table between him and myself/translator. I terminated the interview at that time."
Administrative Review Board
Detainees whose Combatant Status Review Tribunal labeled them "enemy combatants" were scheduled for annual Administrative Review Board hearings. These hearings were designed to assess the threat a detainee might pose if released or transferred, and whether there were other factors that warranted his continued detention.
Documents from Rashidi's CSR Tribunal indicated he had been confirmed as an "enemy combatant", and was going to start having annual Administrative Review Board hearings. However, records the Department of Defense published in September 2007 showed that no annual reviews were convened for him. There is no record any Summary of Evidence memos were prepared for annual review boards. Prior to his repatriation Rashidi was described as a captive who had been cleared for release. But there is no record that an Administrative Review Board drafted a decision memos recommending his release or transfer.
Boston Globe investigations
On July 14, 2006 the Boston Globe reported on investigations they made to test the credibility of the allegations against Guantanamo detainees. Rashidi was one of the detainees who they profiled.
- "the US military has accused Ahmed Errachidi... of 'receiving training at the Al Farooq training camp in July 2001, to include weapons training, war tactics, and bomb making.' according to a summary of evidence for his initial hearing provided to the Globe by his lawyers at Reprieve, a British legal-services organization.
- "But Chris Chang , an investigator for Reprieve, uncovered pay stubs showing that Errachidi had been a chef in two London restaurants, the Westbury and the Archduke, in July 2001. Chang's office provided copies of the pay stubs to the Globe."
On August 7, 2008 the Washington Post reported that the Guantanamo guards defied their orders to discontinue the illegal practice of arbitrarily moving captives multiples times a day to deprive them of sleep. The report stated that Ahmed Rashidi was routinely having six hour interrogations in the middle of the night, followed by a series of cell relocations. Guards called this practice the "frequent flyer program".
Reported to have been cleared for release
Lieutenant-Colonel David Cooper, of the Office for the Administrative Review of the Detention of Enemy Combatants, wrote Rashidi's lawyers on February 22, 2007. He wrote that Rashidi and another man, Ahmed Belbacha, had: "...been approved to leave Guantanamo, after diplomatic arrangements for their departure had been made."
British officials continued to decline to make efforts on behalf of the Guantanamo captives who were British residents, but not British citizens.
A close friend back in the United Kingdom, Abderrazzak Sakim, and Clive Stafford Smith, told the Islington Gazette, his local paper, that they were concerned that if he were repatriated to Morocco, he would be promptly subjected to abusive detention in a Moroccan prison. The paper reports that Rashidi spent three years in solitary confinement, and has been subjected to beatings and pepper spraying.
- "Guantanamo Bay is an affront to international law. While Ahmed Errachidi has been in Guantanamo he has been subject to appalling abuse and has suffered at least one severe mental breakdown. He should never have been in Guantanamo Bay and he certainly shouldn't be there for a moment longer.
- "It's completely unacceptable that Ahmed should be left in limbo like this, while the international community wrings its hands about the detainees the US no longer wants.
- "Surely he has more than sufficient compassionate grounds to be allowed to come back to Britain. Ahmed must be released immediately and I have written to George Bush to tell him so."
Repatriation and release
The Department of Defense reported, on April 26, 2007, that two further captives had been repatriated, one to Morocco, one to Afghanistan. Initially the DoD declined to release the two men's names. But it soon became known that Ahmed Rashidi was the Moroccan man, that he hadn't been released to a third country.
Rashidi was released on Thursday, May 3, 2007. Reuters reports that Rashidi had traveled to Pakistan, where he was captured in late 2001, to try to raise funds for a heart operation for his young son. Reuters reports that Rashidi described hearing his Pakistani captors negotiate, with US officials, the size of the bounty they would received for turning him over.
2009 interview with Michelle Shephard
In March 2009 Rashidi was interviewed, by email from his home in Tangiers, by Toronto Star reporter Michelle Shephard, the author of Guantanamo's Child, a book about Guantanamo captive Omar Khadr, who was a minor when he was captured and sent to Guantanamo. According to Shephard, Rashidi said their fellow captives felt particularly sorry for Khadr, because he was so young, and because they could tell when it was his turn to be subjected to brutal interrogation techniques.
"I felt so desperate every time I saw him. I wanted to say, `Sorry I can't help you.' It was well known if some detainee is going through torture courses and I remember there was a time when everyone was talking about Omar having his turn."
In early 2013 Errachidi published a memoir, "The General: The ordinary man who challenged Guantanamo". According to Marco Giannangeli, who reviewed the book for the Daily Express, Errachidi believed that he continued to be targeted for aggressive interrogation, years after his total innocence had been established, because the US military used Guantanamo as a school to train new interrogators. Giannangeli reported that Errachidi described how the Guantanamo guards were taken to "ground zero"—the site of the ruins of the World Trade Center, so that they were “already consumed by hatred with the conviction we were the worst of the worst”. Giannangeli reported how Errachidi found being one of the limited number of captives who spoke English singled him out for special attention from the guards and interrogators, and forced him to serve as an unofficial leader within the captive community. Guards nicknamed Errachidi "The General".
The book was co-written by Gillian Slovo, the South African writer and filmmaker. Paddy McGuffin, writing in The Morning Star Online, called the book a “damning indictment of the policy of extra-judicial detention as well as a fascinating account of an innocent man's fight to prevent himself being buried alive under the full weight of US officialdom.”
2013 interview for New American Media
In May, at the height of the 2013 hunger strike Rachedi was interviewed by the New American Media. Rachidi said he had engaged in many hunger strikes, and described what being on a hunger strike is like. He disputed the asssertions from US officials that the hunger strike was simply intended to win the captives a return to less harsh conditions. Rather, Rachidi asserted the hunger strike was ultimately the captives way of fighting for justice. Rachidi said that, since the captives were older and more frail than they were during previous thunder strikes, he feared captives would die during this strike.
Rachidi said that he has not been allowed to get a new passport, even for attending the launch of his memoir.
- OARDEC (2006-05-15). "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006". United States Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- Cultural sensitivity, Guantánamo Bay style, The Guardian, June 14, 2006
- Guards tighten security to prevent more deaths, Charlotte Observer, June 13, 2006
- "Annual Administrative Review Boards for Enemy Combatants Held at Guantanamo Attributable to Senior Defense Officials". March 6, 2007. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- OARDEC (August 9, 2007). "Index to Summaries of Detention-Release Factors for ARB Round One" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 26 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- OARDEC (July 17, 2007). "Index of Summaries of Detention-Release Factors for ARB Round Two" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 26 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- "Index to Summaries of Detention-Release Factors for Administrative Review Boards (Round 3) Held at Guantanamo". United States Department of Defense. 2009-01-09. Archived from the original on 25 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-22.
- "UK keeps Guantanamo detainees in limbo". The Observer. March 19, 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-21.
- OARDEC (July 17, 2007). "Index to Transfer and Release Decision for Guantanamo Detainees". United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- OARDEC (August 10, 2007). Index "Index of Transfer and Release Decision for Guantanamo Detainees from ARB Round Two". United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- Guantanamo accusations questioned after review turns up basic errors, The Jurist, July 14, 2006
- Factual errors cited in cases against detainees: Lawyers demand new trial system at Guantanamo, Boston Globe, July 14, 2006
- Josh White (2008-08-07). "Tactic Used After It Was Banned: Detainees at Guantanamo Were Moved Often, Documents Say". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
For example, Moroccan detainee Ahmed Rashidi was scheduled for six-hour interrogations in the middle of the night and then moved to his cell for four hours, "then cycled through again repeatedly," according to one notation.mirror
- firstname.lastname@example.org (April 18, 2007). "'Innocent' Guantanamo prisoner could be freed". Islington Gazette. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
- Mike Rosen-Molina (April 26, 2007). "Two more Guantanamo detainees transferred: DOD". The Jurist. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
- "Detainee transfer announced". Department of Defense. April 30, 2007. Archived from the original on 9 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
- Melissa C. Bancroft (April 30, 2007). "Ex-Guantanamo detainee held in Morocco after transfer". The Jurist. Archived from the original on 4 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
- Mark Trevelyan (April 30, 2007). "Guantanamo inmate held on return to Morocco". The Scotsman. Archived from the original on May 16, 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
- Mike Rosen-Molina. "Ex-Guantanamo detainee released from Morocco custody". The Jurist. Archived from the original on 7 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
- "Former Guantanamo inmate walks free in Morocco". Reuters. May 3, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
- Michelle Shephard (2009-03-09). "Ex-guard speaks out in support of Khadr". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 2010-02-23.
The Pentagon accused Errachidi of leading an Al Qaeda training camp two months before the 9/11 attacks. He was released in 2007 when his lawyers proved he was not in Afghanistan in July 2001, but working in the kitchen of a central London hotel.
- Marco Giannangeli (2013-03-24). "Book Review: The General by Ahmed Errachidi". The Daily Express. Archived from the original on 2013-03-24.
The first few pages leave the reader frustrated at his naiveté, blind faith and the irresponsibility with which he allowed himself to be compromised. The rest of the book paints these sentiments with shame.
- Paddy McGuffin (2013-02-10). "The General: The Ordinary Man Who Challenged Guantanamo". Morning Star Online. Archived from the original on 2013-03-24.
Written with the assistance of author and activist Gillian Slovo, The General is Errachidi's harrowing memoir of his kidnap and torture at the hands of the US authorities. Rather than being cowed by the brutality and abuse to which he was subjected, Errachidi actively resisted his tormentors, fighting back with the only weapons at his disposal and instigating mass protests among his fellow detainees.
- Sandy Close (2013-05-06). "Q&A: Why Guantanamo Hunger Strike Could Be the Last". New American Media. Archived from the original on 2013-05-08. Retrieved 2013-05-08.
The Obama Administration claims they are on a hunger strike because they want better treatment or better food. But that is not true. They are on a hunger strike because they want justice. They want freedom. They want to go home to their families. And this time they will not quit
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- The Perils of Return: Repatriated to Torture Andy Worthington
- Michael Pye, Worst of the worst?[dead link], The Scotsman, June 2, 2007
- Deals with dictators undermined by British request for return of five Guantánamo detainees Andy Worthington