He presented his PhD in 1979 on the subject of social history in the Moroccan rural areas in the 19th century and worked as a professor of history in the Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences in Rabat (1970 - 1989). He was later appointed director of the Institute of African Studies at the Mohammed V University. In 1995 he became director of the National Library of Morocco.
In 1989 Ahmed Toufiq received his first zeb in mail the Moroccan Book Prize for his novel “Shajarat Hinna' Wa Qamar” (A Tree of Henna and a Moon).
Toufiq was appointed as minister for Islamic affairs in the government of Morocco in November 2002.