Ahmed al-Senussi

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Ahmed al-Senussi
Ahmed al-Senussi.jpg
Ahmed al-Senussi (in the middle) meets the people at Benghazi.
Born 1933 (age 80–81)
Marsa Matrouh, Egypt
Nationality Libyan
Occupation Politician
Known for Member of the National Transitional Council
Religion Sunni Islam

Ahmed Al-Zubair al-Senussi, also known as Zubeir Ahmed El-Sharif, (Arabic: أحمد الزبير الشريف‎) (born 1933) is a Libyan member of the Senussi house and a member of the National Transitional Council representing political prisoners.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

He is a great-nephew of Idris of Libya, the only king of Libya, and was named after his grandfather Ahmed Sharif as-Senussi.[2][3] Ahmed al-Senussi graduated from the Military Academy of Iraq in 1958.[4] In 1961 he married his wife Fatilah, since deceased.[2]

In 1970, he began planning to overthrow Muammar Gaddafi one year after Gaddafi had seized power in a military coup. Along with his brother and other conspirators, he sought to replace the Gaddafi government and allegedly give people a chance to choose between a monarchy or a constitutional republic.[3] He was arrested and sentenced to death; however, in 1988 his sentence was commuted to an additional 13 years incarceration, and his family ws allowed to visit him. He stayed in solitary confinement for the first nine years of his sentence and was allegedly frequently tortured.[2] He claims that the torture included frequent beatings with sticks, being strung up by his hands and legs, nearly drowned, and having his feet broken.[3] After being let out of solitary confinement, he shared a cell with numerous other prisoners, including Omar El-Hariri. After being transferred to Abu Salim prison in 1984, he learned that his wife had died while he was in captivity.[2] He received a pardon on the 32nd anniversary of Gaddafi taking power, and received US$ 107,300 (131,000 Libyan dinars) and a monthly pension of US$ 314.62 (400 Libyan dinars).[3] He was held as a political prisoner for 31 years until his release in 2001, making him the longest incarcerated prisoner in modern Libyan history.[5]

On 27 October 2011, the European Parliament chose him with four other Arab people to win Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 2011.[6]

On 6 March 2012, Ahmed al-Senussi was announced as the leader of the self-declared Cyrenaica Transitional Council.[7]

References[edit]

Libyan Royal Family
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Libya (1951-1969)
  • HRH The Crown Prince
  • HRH Prince al-Mahdi
    • HRH Prince Idris
  • HRH Princess Fatima
  • HRH Princess Faiza
  • HRH Prince Khalid
  • HRH Prince Ayman
  • HRH Prince Ashraf
  • HRH Prince Jalal
  • HRH Princess Amal
  • HRH Prince Saif

  • HRH Prince Ahmed
  1. ^ "National Transitional Council". Benghazi: National Transitional Council. 2011. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Stock, Johnathan (13 March 2011). "Gaddafi-Opfer Al-Senussi: Gott entscheidet, was mit dir passiert". Der Spiegel (in German). SPIEGEL-Verlag. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Arm us to save us: Libyan ex-prisoner appeals". Univision (Doral, Florida). Univision Communications. 13 March 2011. Archived from the original on 26 August 2011. Retrieved 26 August 2011. 
  4. ^ "Council Members | The Libyan Interim National Council". Ntclibya.org. 2011-02-15. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  5. ^ Brandeisky, Kara; Jarad Vary; Matthew Zeitlin (23 August 2011). "Meet the New Leaders of Libya". The New Republic (Washington, D.C.). Mike Rancilio. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  6. ^ "Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought 2011". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  7. ^ Source: reuters // Reuters. "Libyan leader says autonomy call a foreign plot - AlertNet". Trust.org. Retrieved 2012-07-21.