Gates of Ahmedabad

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The Darwaja or Gates of Ahmedabad were built during different times starting from 1411 as the entrances to the walled city of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.[1][2]

These entrances to the city has a unique name. Pretty much the area surrounding these gates have adopted the name of darwaja as the name of the locality.[3]

History[edit]

Ahmedabad was founded over the ancient settlement of Ashaval in 1411 by Ahmed Shah I of Gujarat Sultanate. He built the first citadel Bhadra Fort starting from Manek Burj, the first bastion of the city. The Bhadra Fort had eight gates excluding palace gates. When the city expanded, Ahmed Shah built the second fort which was later fortified by Mahmud Begada in 1486. The second fort had twelve major gates and other smaller gates. After arrival of railways, British built two more gates to facilitate the movement. Later the citywalls were demolished leaving the gates as monuments.[3][4][5]

Gates[edit]

Most people believe that Ahmedabad had 12 gates but some historian suggested to have 16. Later some Indologist found that Ahmedabad had 21 gates.[3]

Gates of Bhadra Fort[edit]

Bhadra fort had eight gates, three large, two in the east and one in the south-west corner; three middle-sized, two in the north and one in the south; and two small, in the west.

Bhadra gate
Teen Darwaza in 1880s

The details are: on the north face two middle-sized gates, one leading to the Khanpur, and the other to the Mirzapur ward; the former was originally a small opening lately, at a cost of £11 (Rs. 110), turned into a gateway in 1860s, 13 feet wide and 15 feet high, with neither doors nor arches ; on the east two, both large, the Lal Darwaza (23°1′0.53″N 72°35′27.34″E / 23.0168139°N 72.5909278°E / 23.0168139; 72.5909278) in the north-east and the Bhadra gate , formerly Piran Pir’s Darwaja, (23°1′27″N 72°34′50″E / 23.02417°N 72.58056°E / 23.02417; 72.58056, Archeological Survey of India Monument of National Importance No. N-GJ-2); on the south two, one middle-sized gate without doors built in 1874, in the centre near Azam Khan Sarai, and the other the large Ganesh gate in the south-west corner ; the former, an arched gateway, 18 feet wide and 17 feet high, cost £92 (Rs. 920); the Ganesh Bari or gate was in 1779 opened by Aapaji Ganesh, it is said, in one day; on the west two, both small, the Ram gate, with stone steps in the south-west, and the Baradari gate in the north-west. Additionally Teen Darwaza (23°1′27″N 72°35′4″E / 23.02417°N 72.58444°E / 23.02417; 72.58444, ASI MNI No. N-GJ-5) was bulit later as an entrance to the royal square. Another Salapas gate (23°1′0.53″N 72°35′27.34″E / 23.0168139°N 72.5909278°E / 23.0168139; 72.5909278), used for envoy of queens, is now lost. Ganesh gate is now lost under Ellis Bridge. Lal Darwaza, opposite Sidi Saiyyed Mosque, is lost now but parts of wall is visible.

Gates of second fort[edit]

As the city expanded, the second fort was built by Ahmed Shah I as described in Mirat-i- Ahmadi. It was further fortified by Mahmud Begada in 1489.[3][4][5]

In the city walls of second fort, there were eighteen gates, fifteen large and three small. Of the fifteen, one was closed, and two were added later. These gates were, beginning from the north-west corner, three in the north-wall, the Shahpur in the north-west, the Delhi in the north,and the Dariyapur in the north-east; four in the east wall, the Premabhai, a gate bulit by British, in the north-east, the Kalupur in the east, the Panchkuva, a gate built by British, in the east, and the Sarangpur in the south-east; four in the south wall, the Raipur and Astodiya in the south-east, and the Mahuda, the closed gate, and the Jamalpur in the south; seven in the west wall, the Khan Jahan, Raikhad and Manek in the south-west; the three citadel gates, Ganesh, Ram, and Baradari in the centre; and the Khanpur gate in the north-west.[4][5]

Delhi gate
  • Delhi gate (23°2′16″N 72°35′16″E / 23.03778°N 72.58778°E / 23.03778; 72.58778): Formerly known as Idariyo Gate, the doors of iron-plated timber, the gateway of three stone arches fifteen feet broad and twenty-two high with a roofed platform 32x20 pierced for one gun. In 1878, on either side of the main gateway, two openings, each 8 feet wide and 16 high were added for foot passengers at a cost of £489 (Rs. 4890). (ASI MNI No. N-GJ-15)
Dariyapur gate
Raipur gate
Astodiya gate

Two new gates added by British after opening of railways.

Prem Darwaja
Panchkuva Darwaja

Other gates[edit]

Shah-e-Alam gate in 1880s

Kharu gate was bulit near Karanj go give soldiers addition post. Halim ni Khidki (23°2′18″N 72°35′2″E / 23.03833°N 72.58389°E / 23.03833; 72.58389) was a small window gate in north. There were gates which gave entry into suburbs of Ahmedabad: Gomtipur gate and Shah-e-Alam gate of Shah-e-Alam's Roza.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anjali H. Desai (November 2006). India Guide Gujarat. India Guide Publications. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-9789517-0-2. 
  2. ^ "Ahmedabad civic body okays renovation plans for Walled City darwazas". The Times of India. 12 October 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d Rajput, Vipul; Patel, Dilip (February 8, 2010). "CITY’S LOST GATES". Ahmedabad Mirror. AM. Retrieved February 12, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Pandya, Yatin (23 January 2011). "Ahmedabad gates: Residue of past or the pride of the present?". DNA. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Ahmedabad. Government Central Press. 1879. pp. 273–277. 
  6. ^ "Lost & found: City to get Mahuda Darwaza back". Ahmedabad Mirror. 21 March 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2015.