Ahmednagar district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Ahmednagar.
Ahmednagar district
अहमदनगर जिल्हा
District of Maharashtra
Location of Ahmednagar district in Maharashtra
Location of Ahmednagar district in Maharashtra
Country India
State Maharashtra
Administrative division Nashik Division
Headquarters Ahmednagar
Tehsils Akole, Jamkhed, Karjat, Kopargaon, Nagar, Nevasa, Parner, Pathardi, Rahata, Rahuri, Sangamner, Shevgaon, Shrigonda, Shrirampur
Government
 • District collector Mr. Anil Kawade, I.A.S.
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Ahmednagar, Shirdi (based on Election Commission website)
 • Assembly seats 13
Area
 • Total 17,413 km2 (6,723 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,543,080
 • Density 260/km2 (680/sq mi)
 • Urban 17.67%
Demographics
 • Literacy 80.22%
 • Sex ratio 934
Vehicle registration MH-16 and MH-17
Major highways NH-50, NH-222
Average annual precipitation 501 mm
Website Official website

Ahmednagar district (अहमदनगर in Marathi/Hindi) is the largest district of Maharashtra state in western India. The historical Ahmednagar city is the headquarters of the district. Ahmednagar was the seat of the Ahmednagar Sultanate of late medieval period (1496–1636 CE). This district is known for the town of Shirdi associated with Sai Baba. Ahmednagar district is part of Nashik Division.

The neighbouring districts to Ahmednagar district are Solapur (South East- SE), Osmanabad (SE), Beed (SE), Aurangabad (NE), Nashik (NW), Thane (NW), and Pune (SW).

History[edit]

Main article: History of Ahmednagar

Although Ahmadnagar disrict was created as early as in 1818, modern history of Ahmadnagar may be said to have commenced from 1869, the year in which parts of Nasik and Sholapur which till then had comprised Nagar were separated and the present Nagar district was formed. Ahmednagar District was created after the defeat of the Maratha Confederacy in the Third Anglo-Maratha War in 1818, when most of the Peshwa's domains were annexed to British India. The district remained part of the Central division of Bombay Presidency until India's independence in 1947, when it became part of Bombay State, and in 1960 the new state of Maharashtra.

SARALA BET[edit]

Sarala BET is situated in the pious River Godavaree. Geographically its coordinates are N 19˚55’ 44”,E 74˚ 43’ 3”. The size up the island is 1000mtrsX660mtrs .On the North side Village Wanjargaon is situated which is in Vaijapur taluka of Auranagbad district in Maharashtra State (India) On the South side Sarala and Gowardhan villages are situated which are in Shreerampur Taluka of Ahmadnagar district. PIN code of the island is 413709.WEBSITE :www.saralabet.com

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Ahmednagar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1]

Divisions[edit]

Ahmednagar district consists of fourteen talukas (tahsils). These talukas are Akole, Jamkhed, Karjat, Kopargaon, Nagar, Nevasa, Parner, Pathardi, Rahata, Rahuri, Sangamner, Shevgaon, Shrigonda, Shrirampur.[2]

The district has twelve Vidhan Sabha constituencies, six in each of the two parliamentary constituencies. For the Shirdi Parliamentary Constituency (SC) these are: #216 Akole (ST), #217 Sangamner, #218 Shirdi, #219 Kopergaon, #220 Shrirampur (SC), and #221 Newasa. For the Ahmednagar Parliamentary Constituency these are: #222 Shevgaon, #223 Rahuri, #224 Parner, #225 Ahmednagar City, #226 Shrigonda and #227 Karjat-Jamkhed.[3][4]

The Ahmednagar district is under proposal to be divided and a separate Sangamner District be carved out of existing Ahmednagar district with the inclusion of the northern parts of Ahmednagar district which include Rahata, Rahuri, Shrirampur, Sangamner, Akole, Kopargaon, and Nevasa talukas in the proposed Sangamner district.[citation needed]

Ralegaon Siddhi is a village in the district that is considered a model of environmental conservation.[5]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2001 India census, Ahmednagar district had a population of 4,040,642.[6] At that time the district was 19.89% urban.[6] Males represented 51.55% of the population, and females 48.45%, for a sex-ratio of 940 females per thousand males in 2001.[6]

In the 2001 census, the majority of the population in Ahmednagar was Hindu, but there were other religious groups such as Christians, Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Zoroastrians in smaller numbers. According to census, Hindus were 82%, Muslims 9%, Christians 5% and others were 4%.[7]

In the 2011 census Ahmednagar district recorded a population of 4,543,083,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Costa Rica[9] or the US state of Louisiana.[10] This gave it a ranking of 33rd among the districts of India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district had a population density of 266 inhabitants per square kilometre (690 /sq mi).[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.43%.[8] Ahmadnagar had a sex ratio of 934 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 80.22%.[8]

Culture[edit]

Islam arrived in Ahmednagar during the Tughlaq dynasty. There are many Muslim monuments like Chand Bibi Mahal, Faria Baug, Ground Fort and many dargas (mosques), and they are found in main town and cities.

Christianity arrived in the 18th century when the British took over the area from the Maratha empire onwards. Christianity has been Ahmednagar's third-largest religion, found all over the district except in the south-west. In Ahmednagar Christians are Hindu converts and many Christians are a result of the American Marathi mission and the mission of the Church of England's Society for the Propagation of the Gospel.[11] During the British era Ahmednagar was part of Bombay presidency. The first Protestant Christian mission in the district was opened in 1831. Every village has one or more resident families as Christian and every village has its own church for worship.[12] Ahmednagar's Christians are called Marathi Christians and a majority of them are Protestants, plus large scale of Banjara communities[13]

Personalities[edit]

  • Dagdu Maruti Pawar (1935–1996), a Marathi author and poet known for his contributions to Dalit literature.[14] He was born in Dhamangaon, Akole taluka.
  • Anna Hazare
  • B. J. Khatal-Patil- Ex. Cabinet Minister of Maharashtra, a senior Maharashtra leader and a veteran Congressman.
  • Bhausaheb Thorat (12 Jan 1924-14 Mar 2010), a leader of farmers and Indian National Congress legislator. He was well known in the cooperative movement, founder of the Sangamner Cooperative Sugar Mill, and former president of the Sangamner District and State Cooperative Bank. He is recognized for his work in Sangamner taluka and Akole taluka. Concerned about global warming, Bhausaheb Thorat has led a campaign to plant 45 million trees every year. In the epic Ramayana, the sage Agastya turned the arid Dandakaranya into a green heaven through a massive drive of tree planting. A book, The Man Who Planted Trees, an allegorical tale by French author Jean Giono, also inspired Bhausaheb Thorat. For this he started the Dandakaranya Abhiyaan in June 2006 at Sangamner.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Tahsil Information". Ahmednagar District. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. 
  3. ^ "Map of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies within Ahmednagar District". 
  4. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008". The Election Commission of India. pp. 269–270, 278. 
  5. ^ "A model Indian village- Ralegaon Siddhi". Archived from the original on 11 October 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-30. 
  6. ^ a b c "Census 2001 Population Finder: Maharashtra: Ahmadnagar". Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011: Ahmadnagar". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011. Archived from the original on 8 September 2011. 
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Costa Rica 4,576,562 July 2011 est" 
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Louisiana 4,533,372" 
  11. ^ "A History of the Church of England in India, by Eyre Chatterton (1924)". Anglicanhistory.org. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  12. ^ "The Gazetteers Department - AHMADNAGAR". Ahmednagar.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  13. ^ "The Gazetteers Department - AHMADNAGAR". Ahmednagar.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-11-07. 
  14. ^ Anna Kurian (2006). Texts and Their Worlds I: Literatures of India - An Introduction. Lincoln, Neb: Foundation Books. ISBN 81-7596-300-X. 
  15. ^ /billiontreecampaign/CampaignNews/Dandakaranya.asp Ulhas Latkar, "Dandakaranya Movement in India: Millions of trees planted", United Nations Environment Program.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 19°05′53″N 74°43′57″E / 19.09806°N 74.73250°E / 19.09806; 74.73250