Ahmed Cevdet Pasha
Ahmet Cevdet Pasha
Ahmed Cevdet Pasha
|Title||Ahmet Cevdet Pasha|
|Born||22 March 1822|
|Died||25 May 1895|
|Main interest(s)||Ottoman history|
|Notable work(s)||Mecelle, Cevdet Paşa Tarihi (History of Cevdet Pasha)|
Ahmed Jawdat Pasha (22 March 1822 – 25 May 1895) was a famous Ottoman Turkish statesman, historian, sociologist, and legist, from Turks in Bulgaria who played an integral role in writing the Mecelle.
Ahmed Jawdat Pasha was born in Lofça, Lovech, today Bulgaria on 22 March 1822. He went to Istanbul to complete his education at a religious college in 1839. Mathematics and astronomy intrigued Ahmed Cevdet Pasha. During the holidays, he read many works on arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and astronomy. He made arrangements with a teacher in the Imperial Military Engineering School (Mühendishane-i Berri-i Humayun) to instruct him in modern mathematics and read with him the engineering journals and Ishak Efendi's works on the mathematics.
In 1844/45, he became qadi (judge) and then the juridical adviser to the grand vizier (Ottoman prime minister), Mustafa Reşid Paşa, from 1846 to 1858. He was one of the last to combine traditional Islamic education with Tanzimat Western education. He played an important role in the preparation of Mecelle, the civil code of the Ottoman Empire in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which was the first codification of Islamic law with Western standards. Cevdet Pasha oversaw the formulation of the Mecelle which was one in a series of codes produced to give modern and orderly law to the Empire. He is also well known for a book on Ottoman history, now known as Cevdet Paşa Tarihi ("History of Cevdet Pasha").
His daughter Fatma Aliye Topuz (1862-1936) is credited as the first female writer of the literature of Turkey and the Islamic geography. Other daughter Emine Semiye (1864-1944) was one of the first Turkish feminists. Son Ali Sedad (1857-1900) was a Logician.
For further reading
- (In Turkish) Ekrem Buğra Ekinci and Ahmet Şimşirgil. Ahmed Cevdet Paşa ve Mecelle (Ahmed Cevdet Pasha and Mejelle),Istanbul, 2008. Download the book
- The Sunni Path- By Ahmet Cevdet Pasha
- AL-MAJALLA AL AHKAM AL ADALIYYAH- The Ottoman Courts Manual
- Tarih-i Cevdet and Belagat-i Osmaniyye, Original Text
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