Little Women (1987 TV series)
The March sisters, clockwise from upper left: Jo, Meg (in chair), Amy, and Beth.
(Ai no Wakakusa Monogatari)
|Anime television series|
|Directed by||Fumio Kurokawa|
|Produced by||Koichi Motohashi, Junzo Nakajima|
|Written by||Akira Miyazaki (all 48 episodes)|
|Music by||Kazuo Otani|
|Network||TV Tokyo, Animax|
|English network||HBO, Smile of a Child|
|Original run||January 1, 1987 – December 27, 1987|
Little Women, also known as Ai no Wakakusa Monogatari (愛の若草物語?, "Love's Tale of Young Grass") is a 1987 Japanese animated television series adaptation of Louisa May Alcott's Little Women, produced by Nippon Animation.
A sequel series, Little Women II: Jo's Boys, premiered in 1993.
The animated series is loosely derived from the book and introduces new material and characters. The series begins with the introduction of the March family happily living in Gettysburg (the nearby town of York in the English version), until one day during a picnic, Mr. March notices Confederate scouts at a riverbank. As an officer of the Union Army on leave with a broken arm, Mr. March hesitantly leaves his family to inform his superiors and to prepare for the upcoming battle. Meanwhile, his family endures the Confederate occupation and even helps an escaped slave named John from being forcibly recruited to fight for the Confederacy.
Eventually, Union forces arrive and in the ensuing battle the March family home is destroyed and their investment (which had also been their savings) stolen. With no other options, the family leaves Gettysburg to Newcord, where they hope to be taken by an estranged aunt of father. Upon arriving in Newcord, they are coldly received by the old woman and even less so by David, an egotistical nephew who constantly asks for loans and antagonizes the family. Despite the reception, Aunt March allows the family to stay at home until they can get back on their feet.
Determined to have a sense of normalcy and persevere their hardship, Meg finds work as a Governess while Jo alternates between being a companion to Aunt March and Author. During a sales pitch to sell a short story to a local newspaper, her work and her character are presumptuously criticized by Anthony, a local reporter. Upset and resolute, Jo throws herself into her writing ultimately earning the respect of Anthony and forms an amicable relationship.
In time, the March family moves into a new home and the events that follow begin to reference the plot of the original novel: The 18th episode is based on Chapter 3 and follows the first part of the book. The storyline from Chapter 1 (Christmas 1863) begins in episode 21.
For more information on the main characters, including the March sisters, Laurie, and Marmee, see Little Women.
- Eiko Yamada as Josephine 'Jo' March
- Keiko Han as Margaret 'Meg' March
- Mayumi Shou as Elizabeth 'Beth' March
- Rei Sakuma as Amy March
- Nobuo Tobita as Theodore 'Laurie' Lawrence
- Taeko Nakanishi as Mary 'Marmee' March
- Osamu Saka as Frederic March
- Hisako Okata as Hannah, the March family's servant
- Kazuyuki Sogabe as Anthony Boone
- Ranko Mizuki as Martha (Aunt) March
- Kohei Miyauchi as James Lawrence
- Toshihiko Kojima as John Brooke (Carl Brooke in Japanese)
- Kozo Shioya as David
- Ryuji Saikachi as Henry Murdoch
- Miyoko Aoba as Annie Moffatt
- Maria Kawamura as Sallie Gardiner
- Toshihiko Seki as John, the runaway slave
- Rumiko Ukai as Esther, Aunt March's maid
- Asami Mukaidono as Dorothy, Aunt March's cook
- Masashi Hirose as Ben, Aunt March's coachman
- Fushigi Yamada as Polly, Aunt March's pet bird (credited as Kyoko Yamada)
Writer Akira Miyazaki introduced several new supporting characters not in the original novel:
- Anthony Boone is a Newcord reporter and friend of Jo's. He and Jo get off to a bad start when he criticizes her writing, but eventually become close friends, and Anthony helps her family find a new house in Newcord. He also encourages Jo to keep writing and improve. He leaves for New York in the second-to-last episode, and inspires Jo to do the same.
- Henry Murdoch (possibly named after Rupert Murdoch) is the owner and publisher of The Newcord Times, and Anthony's boss. He has a high opinion of Jo's talents and reassures her whenever she is discouraged by Anthony's criticisms.
- David is Aunt March's nephew, a money-grubbing gambler and ne'er-do-well who appears only to care for his aunt because she loans him money. He antagonizes the March family, and Jo in particular, out of fear that he will lose his place as her sole heir.
- John is a runaway slave. In an early episode, the March family hide him in their house from Confederate soldiers. In a later episode, he returns and gets a job at the Newcord newspaper.
- Milky Ann is the March family's pet kitten. She first appears in episode two, when Beth discovers the abandoned kitten half-drowned and nearly frozen to death in the rain. Beth and her sisters nurse the kitten back to health, and Milky Ann becomes a treasured member of the family.
- Aunt March had several additional servants introduced in this anime in addition to Esther the maid, including Ben the coachman and Dorothy the cook (who appeared in only one episode). Also, in addition to her bird, Polly, Aunt March has a dog, a poodle named Harry.
Name and character changes
In addition to the town of Concord itself being renamed "Newcord" for the anime version (which carried over into the English dub), several characters also underwent name changes in this series. For example, the March parents, named Margaret and Robert in the original novel, are Mary and Frederic in this series, and Mr. Brooke is renamed from John to Carl in Japanese and some of the European dub versions (although the English dubbers changed his name back to John). Also, the March family's live-in help, Hannah, is African-American in this version instead of Irish and Caucasian, perhaps to draw more attention with Japanese viewers to the plight of black Americans in the 19th century.
Little Women aired on Fuji Television from 1 January 1987 to 27 December 1987 as part of Nippon Animation's World Masterpiece Theater. The series features contributions from several well-known Studio Ghibli staffers, including co-character designer Yoshifumi Kondo and animation director Atsuko Otani. The chief director was Nippon Animation/WMT veteran Fumio Kurokawa with storyboard duties handled by various other directors, and Akira Miyazaki is credited with scripting all 48 episodes. Kurokawa, Otani, and character designer and chief animation director Toshiki Yamazaki had all been involved in the previous WMT series Princess Sarah, as had Jo's voice actress, Eiko Yamada. The series was broadcast aired across Asia by the anime satellite television network, Animax.
Little Women was first dubbed into English by Saban Entertainment and was broadcast across the United States by HBO in 1988 under the title Tales of Little Women, making it one of only three WMT serials to have been broadcast on television in the United States. Currently the series airs in the United States on Smile of a Child and in the Philippines on DZOZ-TV. Unusual for a Saban Entertainment dub of an anime series, the English dub version of Ai no Wakakusa Monogatari kept the original Japanese musical score by Kazuo Otani, although the theme songs were replaced with a new one by Haim Saban and Shuki Levy, who also composed some additional music for the series itself. The series has yet to be released on DVD in the English language, although a compilation of two episodes was released on VHS in the United States in 1992 as Little Women's Christmas Story. It has long since gone out of print.
The series has also achieved a high level of popularity in Europe and Latin America.
- Original work: Little Women by Louisa May Alcott
- Executive producer: Koichi Motohashi
- Producer: Junzo Nakajima (Nippon Animation), Taihei Ishikawa (Fuji TV)
- Planning: Shoji Sato (Nippon Animation), Eiichi Kubota (Fuji TV)
- Director: Fumio Kurokawa
- Script: Akira Miyazaki
- Storyboards: Yoshio Kuroda, Fumio Kurokawa, Norio Yazawa, Shinichi Tsuji, Kozo Kuzuha, Hiromi Sugimura, Shinichi Matsumi, Takeshi Yamaguchi, Eiji Okabe, Shigeo Koshi, Takao Yotsuji, Shin Namioka, Fumio Ikeno
- Character Design: Yoshifumi Kondo, Toshiki Yamazaki
- Animation Director: Toshiki Yamazaki, Takumi Koyama, Atsuko Otani
- Art Director: Masamichi Takano
- Layout: Shohei Kawamoto
- Director of Photography: Toshiaki Morita
- Recording Director: Etsuji Yamada
- Music: Kazuo Otani
- Production: Nippon Animation, Fuji TV
- Opening Themes
- Invitation of the Young Grass (若草の招待状 Wakakusa no Shōtaijō?) by Eri Nitta (eps 01-14)
- Someday, for Sure (いつかきっと! Itsuka Kitto!?) by Keiko Han, Eiko Yamada, Mayumi Shō, Rei Sakuma (eps 15-48)
- Ending Themes
- Sunset and Wind and Melody (夕陽と風とメロディ Sekiyō to Kaze to Merodi?) by Eri Nitta (eps 01-14)
- A Lullaby for Father (お父さまへのララバイ Otōsama e no Rarabai?) by Satoko Shimonari (eps 15-48)
NOTE: With English titles, a translation of the Japanese title is listed first, followed by the title of the corresponding episode in Saban's English dub.
Toshiki Yamazaki is animation director for the first five episodes, for odd-numbered episodes 7 through 17, and for even-numbered episodes 20 through 48. Takumi Koyama is animation director for even-numbered episodes 6 through 16 and for odd-numbered episodes 19 through 47. Atsuko Otani is animation director for episode 18 only.
All episodes are written by Akira Miyazaki.
All episodes are directed by Fumio Kurokawa, who also drew storyboards for episodes 2, 3, and 48. Other storyboard artists included:
- Yoshio Kuroda (1, 28, co-storyboard duties on episode 31)
- Norio Yazawa (4, 7, 9)
- Shinichi Tsuji (5, 8, 12, 14, 18, 22, 26, 29, 32, 35, 38, 42, 44, 47)
- Kozo Kuzuha (6, 11, 15, 17, 20, 25)
- Hiromi Sugimura (13, 19, 30, 34, 37, and co-storyboarded episodes 10, 23, 31)
- Shinichi Matsumi (co-storyboarded episodes 10 and 16)
- Takeshi Yamaguchi (co-storyboarded episodes 16 and 23)
- Eiji Okabe (21, 24)
- Shigeo Koshi (27, 33, 40)
- Shin Namioka (39, 41)
- Takao Yotsuji (36)
- Fumio Ikeno (43, 45, 46)
|#||Title||Original air date|
|01||"Papa Came Home!! / The March Family"
"Papa ga kaette kita!!" (パパが帰って来た!!)
|January 11, 1987|
|02||"Milky Ann Has Been Found / The War Draws Closer"
"Milky Ann o hirouta" (ミルキー・アンを拾った)
|January 18, 1987|
|03||"Watch Out! Escape Quickly!! / The Deserter"
"Abunai! Hayaku nigete!!" (あぶない!早く逃げて!!)
|January 25, 1987|
|04||"The Battle Begins! / The Gift of Freedom"
"Sensou ga hajimaru!" (戦争がはじまる!)
|February 1, 1987|
|05||"The Town Burns Down! / The Friendship Pin"
"Machi ga moete shimau!" (町が燃えてしまう!)
|February 8, 1987|
|06||"Goodbye Hometown! / Running from the War"
"Sayounara furusato!" (さよなら ふるさと!)
|February 15, 1987|
|07||"Auntie is Ill-Tempered!"
"Obasama wa ijiwaru!" (おば様はいじわる!)
|February 22, 1987|
|08||"A Loan for a House, Please!"
"Oie o kashite kudasai!" (お家を貸して下さい!)
|March 1, 1987|
|09||"Short-Tempered Jo! / Nice Work if You Can Get It"
"Okorinbou no Jo!" (怒りん坊のジョオ!)
|March 8, 1987|
|10||"Praise and Critiques"
"Homerarete kenasarete" (ほめられて けなされて)
|March 15, 1987|
|11||"Aunt Martha is Pitiful! / A Heart to Heart Talk"
"Martha obasama wa okinodoku!" (マーサおば様はお気の毒!)
|March 22, 1987|
|12||"I Hate Thunder!"
"Ikazuchi nante daikirai!" (雷なんて大嫌い!)
|March 29, 1987|
|13||"Our Strange House / A Home at Last"
"Watashitachi no hennaie" (私たちの変な家)
|April 5, 1987|
|14||"Amy and Bad Friends / New Friends"
"Amy to nikui tomodachi" (エイミーと悪い友だち)
|April 12, 1987|
|15||"The Strange Boy Next Door!"
"Otonari kara nozoku fushigina shounen!" (お隣からのぞく不思議な少年!)
|April 19, 1987|
|16||"Terrible! Meg is Not a Thief!! / Meg's First Dance"
"Hidoi! Meg wa dorobou nanka jinai!!" (ひどい!メグは泥棒なんかじゃない!!)
|April 26, 1987|
|17||"Jo and President Lincoln's Speech!"
"Jo to Lincoln daitouryou no enzetsu!" (ジョオとリンカーン大統領の演説!)
|May 3, 1987|
|18||"Meg and Jo's Debut at the Ball!? / Invitation to the Dance"
"Meg to Jo butoukai ni debut!?" (メグとジョオ舞踏会にデビュー!?)
|May 10, 1987|
|19||"The Burnt Dress and the Nice Gentleman / A Formal Affair"
"Okoge dress to sutekina shinshi" (おこげドレスと素敵な紳士)
|May 17, 1987|
|20||"Vigorous Jo's Visit!"
"Jo no mimai wa genki ippai!" (ジョオのお見舞いは元気いっぱい!)
|May 24, 1987|
|21||"Announcement! Jo's Enthusiastic Work of Self-Confidence"
"Happyou! Harikiri Jo no jishin saku" (発表!はりきりジョオの自信作)
|May 31, 1987|
|22||"A Hungry Christmas"
"Onakanosuita kurisumasu" (おなかのすいたクリスマス)
|June 7, 1987|
|23||"Beth! The Great Joy of an Unexpected Gift!! / A Grand Offer"
"Beth! Omoigakenai okurimono ni ooyorokobi!!" (ベス!思いがけない贈物に大喜び!!)
|June 14, 1987|
|24||"The Beginning of Meg's Little Love? / Lost in the Music"
"Meg no chiisana koi no hajimari?" (メグの小さな恋のはじまり?)
|June 21, 1987|
|25||"Novelist Jo's $2 Masterpiece! / Jo Shares Her Fortune"
"Shousetsuka Jo no kessaku!" (小説家ジョオの2ドルの傑作!)
|June 28, 1987|
|26||"Shy Beth and the Old Gentleman Next Door / It's Downright Upright"
"Kowagari Beth to otonari no oi shinshi" (怖がりベスとお隣の老紳士)
|July 5, 1987|
|27||"Amy is Punished at School! / Forbidden Sweets"
"Gakkou de oshiokisareata Amy!" (学校でお仕置されたエイミー!)
|July 12, 1987|
|28||"Amy! What Are You Doing! / Amy's Revenge"
"Amy! Nante koto suru no!" (エイミー!なんてことするの!)
|August 2, 1987|
|29||"Don't Die! Amy Has Fallen in the River! / Skating on Thin Ice"
"Shina naide! Amy ga kawa ni ochita!" (死なないで!エイミーが川に落ちた!)
|August 9, 1987|
|30||"I Wish I Could Say I'm Sorry! / Forgive and Forget"
"Gomen ne to iietara ii no ni!" (怖がりベスとお隣の老紳士)
|August 16, 1987|
|31||"Meg is Not a Doll! / Out of Character"
"Meg wa kisekaeningyou ja nai!" (メグはきせかえ人形じゃない!)
|August 30, 1987|
|32||"Aunt Martha is a Worrywart / Jo's Spoiled Plans"
"Komata Martha obasan no seikaku" (困ったマーサおばさんの性格)
|September 6, 1987|
|33||"A Fun, Fun Outdoor Party! / Laurie's Lake Party"
"Tanoshii tanoshii yagai party da!" (楽しい楽しい野外パーティだ!)
|September 13, 1987|
|34||"Amy Had a Bad Dream! / Amy's Nightmare"
"Amy wa nikui yumewomita!" (エイミーは悪い夢を見た!)
|September 20, 1987|
|35||"Meg, So That's Love!! / Meg Falls in Love"
"Meg, sore wa yappari koi na no yo!!" (メグ、それはやっぱり恋なのよ!!)
|September 27, 1987|
|36||"Jo's Story is in the Newspaper! / Jo in Black and White"
"Jo no shousetsu ga shinbunninota!" (ジョオの小説が新聞にのった!)
|October 4, 1987|
|37||"Father is Dying... Jo Sells Her Hair! / A Small Price to Pay"
"Chichi kitoku... Jo ga kami wo utta!" (チチキトク…ジョオが髪を売った!)
|October 11, 1987|
|38||"The Telegram of Bad News! / A Sign of Hope"
"Warui shirase no denpo ga kita!" (悪い知らせの電報がきた!)
|October 18, 1987|
|39||"Letters, Letters, Letters We All Wrote / Letters from Home"
"Minna ga kaita tegami, tegami, tegami" (みんなが書いた手紙、手紙、手紙)
|October 25, 1987|
|40||"Beth Caught the Scarlet Fever! / Scarlet Fever"
"Beth ga shokonetsu ni kakatta!" (ベスが猩紅熱にかかった!)
|November 1, 1987|
|41||"Mother, Come Home Quickly!"
"Okaasan kaette kite!" (お母さま早く帰ってきて!)
|November 8, 1987|
|42||"God, Please Save Beth! / Shout for Joy"
"Kamisama, douka Beth o tasukete!" (神様、どうかベスを助けて!)
|November 15, 1987|
|43||"Go to New York, Jo! / In Search of a Dream"
"Daitokai New York e ikou! Jo" (大都会ニューヨークへ行こう!ジョオ)
|November 22, 1987|
|44||"The Case of the Fake Letter - Who's the Culprit? / The Case of the Forged Letter"
"Nise tegami jiken - hannin wa dareka?" (ニセ手紙事件・犯人は誰か?)
|November 29, 1987|
|45||"Grandfather Hit Laurie! / Laurie Pays the Price"
"Ojisama ga Laurie o nagutta!" (おじいさまがローリーをなぐった!)
|December 6, 1987|
|46||"An Unexpected Christmas Present"
"Omoigakenai kurisumasu" (思いがけないクリスマスプレゼント)
|December 13, 1987|
|47||"Goodbye, Anthony! / The Proposal"
"Sayounara! Anthony" (さよなら!アンソニー)
|December 20, 1987|
|48||"Springtime! Everyone Sets Out / The End and a Beginning"
"Haru! Sorezore no tabidachi" (春!それぞれの旅立ち)
|December 27, 1987|
- Little Women (1981 TV series), Toei Animation's adaptation of Louisa May Alcott's novel.
- Little Women at Nippon Animation's English website
- Little Women (anime) at Anime News Network's Encyclopedia
- Little Women at the Internet Movie Database