Aiboland

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This article is about the historically Swedish cultural area in Estonia. For the dominion of the Swedish Empire known as Swedish Estonia, see Duchy of Estonia (1561–1721).
Not to be confused with Åboland.
Aiboland 1930, indicating in red villages traditionally dominated by Swedish-speaking population ("svenskbygder").

Aiboland (also known as Swedish Estonia and Egeland) is the Estonian Swedish name for the historically Swedish-speaking areas and towns of northern and western Estonia.

Historical Aiboland encompasses Noarootsi, Vormsi, Ruhnu, Osmussaar, Hiiumaa, Saaremaa, Muhu, Naissaar, and the towns around Haapsalu on the Estonian mainland.

During World War II, in the summer of 1944, nearly all of the Estonian Swedes living in Aiboland fled to Sweden before the Red Army invaded and re-occupied the Baltic States.

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Coordinates: 59°00′N 23°23′E / 59.000°N 23.383°E / 59.000; 23.383