|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Frédéric Bourdenet|
|Area1||24.86 km2 (9.60 sq mi)|
|• Density||13/km2 (35/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||21004 / 21510|
|Elevation||310–443 m (1,017–1,453 ft)
(avg. 330 m or 1,080 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aignacois or Aignacoises.
The commune of Aignay-le-Duc is located some 30 km south-east of Châtillon-sur-Seine and some 30 km east of Montbard in a direct line. Access to the commune is by Highway D901 which enters on the north-west border, continues to the village and exits the south-east border. There is also Highway D101 linking the village to Étalante to the south-east. Highway D954 links the village through the eastern border to Saint-Broing-les-Moines. There is also Highway D112 which exits the commune in the north-east. There are extensive forests in the eastern part of the commune (Bois de Fort Fais, Bois du Bas des Soulers etc.) with about two thirds of the commune farmland. There are no villages other than Aignay-le-Duc.
The Coquille stream flows through the town and forming the eastern border is the Brevon stream. The Coquille flows to the Revinson stream which joins the Seine river. The Brevon flows north and eventually joins the Seine near Brémur-et-Vaurois.
Neighbouring Communes and Villages
Aignay-le-Duc belonged to the territory of Lingons and had a Celtic population. Its name may come from the Celtic: Ann-iacum meaning "The location of the water source" ann- is a well known root name for rivers [e.g. l'Ain, Inn (Austria), Anio (Italy)]. The village is close to the source of the Coquille.
A yellow limestone used in the cemetery, dating from the late second century or early third century AD, is inscribed: Aug (ustis) sac (rum) deo Marti Cicolluis et Litavi P. Attius Paterc[l]u[s] [v(otum) s(olvit) l(ibens) m(erito)] which means: "To the august sacred deities, to the god Mars Cicolluis and Litavi, P. Attius Paterculus paid his vow willingly and deservedly".
An inscription was found on a bronze vase near Aignay in 1896 which, according to Chassenay, said: Aug(usto) sacr(um) deo Albio et Damonae Sext(us) Mart(ius) Cociliani f(ilius) ex jussu ejus [v(otum)] s(olvit) l(ibens) m(erito) meaning "It is sacred to Augustus, to the gods Albius and Damona, Sextus Martius, son of Cocilianus, in order to fulfill his vow.
During the revolutionary period of the National Convention (1792-1795), the town took the name of Aignay-Côte-d'Or abbreviated to Aignay.
Gules, six billets argent set 3, 2, 1.
List of Successive Mayors of Aignay-le-Duc
(Not all data is known)
In 2009, the commune had 335 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
The commune has a large number of Houses that are registered as historical monuments. For a complete list of houses including links to descriptions (in French) click here.
The commune also has many other buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:
- A Lavoir (Public laundry) at Rue de la Demoiselle (19th century)
- A Fountain at Rue de la Planchotte (18th century)
- A Barn at Rue de l'Ile (1790)
- A Bridge at Rue de l'Ile (19th century)
- The Lavoir de la Margelle (Public laundry) at Rue de la Margelle (18th century)
- A Railway worker refuge at RN 454 (19th century)
- A Lavoir (Public laundry) at Rue des Vieilles Halles (19th century)
- A Farmhouse at Grand Bois (17th century)
- The Pierre-Fiche Menhir (Prehistoric)
- A Commemorative Monument at Combe des Carrés (1839)
- The Covered Market (18th century)
- The Town Hall / School (1789)
- The Urban Area Fortification (15th century)
- Other sites of interest
- Celtic Tumuli have been found including several burials from different periods, the most recent dating to the 5th century AD.
The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:
- A Wayside Cross at Chemin de Beaunotte (1831)
- A Wayside Cross at Chevigny Farm (17th century)
- A Wayside Cross at Rue des Granges (1674)
- The Croix Lannier Wayside Cross north of the village (1662)
- The Croix Mignard Wayside Cross north-east of the village (17th century)
- A Presbytery (19th century). The Presbytery contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
- A Wayside Cross at Grand Bois (16th century)
- A Monumental Cross at Saint-Michel (1637)
- A Tomb (19th century)
- A Cemetery Cross (1637)
- The Cemetery Portal (19th century)
- The Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul (1170). The Church contains a very large number of items which are registered as historical objects. For a complete list with links to descriptions (in French) click here.
- Nicolas Frochot, an influential provost of Aignay-le-Duc, he ended his career as a State Councilor and first Prefect of the Seine under Napoleon I.
- Claude-Auguste Petit, Baron of Beauverger (born Aignay-le-Duc, 7 October 1748 - died Paris, 6 September 1819), brother of the Nicholas Frochot, French politician.
- Bertrand Lavier, French contemporary multimedia artist born in Châtillon-sur-Seine (Côte-d'Or) 14 June 1949. He lives and works in Paris and Aignay-le-Duc (Côte-d'Or).
- The Baudus Family
- Philippe Bertrand, a host on France Inter
- Aignay-le-Duc on the website of the National Geographic Institute (French)
- Aignay-le-Duc on Lion1906
- Aignay-le-Duc on Google Maps
- Aignay-le-Duc on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Aignay-le-Duc on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Aignay-le-Duc on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Côte-d'Or (French)
- Taverdet G. Names in the region of Bourgognes, 2007, p. 112.
- BECK N. thesis. Goddesses in Celtic Religion Cult and Mythology: A Comparative Study of Ancient Ireland, Britain and Gaul, 2009, 110.
- cited in the thesis: Drioux, 1934, p. 74, n° 267; Le Bohec, 2003, p. 176, n°295. (French)
- CIL XIII, 2887, CIL XIII, 11233
- Communal Notice - Aignay-le-Duc, consulted on 10 May 2013
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054270 Lavoir at Rue de la Demoiselle (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054273 Fountain at Rue de la Planchotte (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054310 Barn at Rue de l'Ile (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054274 Bridge at Rue de l'Ile (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054271 Lavoir de la Margelle at Rue de la Margelle (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054279 Railway worker refuge at RN 454 (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054272 Lavoir at Rue des Vieilles Halles (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054309 Farmhouse at Grand Bois (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054280 Pierre-Fiche Menhir (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054278 Commemorative Monument at Combe des Carrés (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054269 Covered Market (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054268 Town Hall / School (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054266 Urban Area Fortification (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054282 Wayside Cross at Chemin de Beaunotte (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054283 Wayside Cross at Chevigny Farm (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054286 Wayside Cross at Rue des Granges (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054285 Croix Lannier Wayside Cross north of the village (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054284 Croix Mignard Wayside Cross north-east of the village (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054288 Presbytery (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21005169 Furniture in the Presbytery (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21005168 Processional Staff (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21005167 Statue: Virgin and child (2) (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21005166 Statue: Virgin and child (1) (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM21005165 Statue: Saint Eloi (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054287 Wayside Cross at Grand Bois (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054281 Monumental Cross at Saint-Michel (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054277 Tomb (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054276 Cemetery Cross (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054275 Cemetery Portal (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112051 Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00054267 Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul (French)
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