Aigne

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Aigne
General View of Aigne
General View of Aigne
Coat of arms of Aigne
Coat of arms
Aigne is located in France
Aigne
Aigne
Coordinates: 43°20′00″N 2°47′52″E / 43.3333°N 2.7978°E / 43.3333; 2.7978Coordinates: 43°20′00″N 2°47′52″E / 43.3333°N 2.7978°E / 43.3333; 2.7978
Country France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
Department Hérault
Arrondissement Béziers
Canton Olonzac
Intercommunality Minervois
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Yves Fraisse
Area
 • Land1 10.94 km2 (4.22 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 265
 • Population2 density 24/km2 (63/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 34006 / 34210
Elevation 79–273 m (259–896 ft)
(avg. 150 m or 490 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aigne (Occitan: Anha) is a French commune in the Hérault department in the Languedoc-Roussillon region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aignois or Aignoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Aigne is located some 25 km north-west of Narbonne and 40 km north-east of Carcassonne. The commune can be accessed by the D910 road from Beaufort in the south-west continuing through the commune and the village to Aigues-Vives in the north-east. The D177 minor road also comes from Azillanet in the west to the village then continues north to join the D907 at the northern border of the commune. The south-eastern border of the commune is also the border between the Herault and Aude departments. Most of the commune is undulating farmland with large areas of forest especially towards the west.[2]

Numerous streams rise in the commune and flow towards the south-west. The Ruisseau d'Embusque forms a large part of the south-eastern border.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

  • A Neolithic presence has been found in Mouchas, Mouleyres and Embusco.
  • Large Roman Villas have been found at: Saint-Michel, La Prade, Les Mouleyres, Sainte-Leocadie, and Les Clauses
  • Slate Tombs have been found at: Saints-Abdon-et-Sennen, La Prade, Sainte-Leocadie, Le Caïrou, Sainte-Luchaire, and Les Mouleyres.

The Treil of Pardailhan were the last noble Aigne family: they were also Barons of Pardailhan and Lords of La Caunette.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aigne
Blazon:

Gules, a grapevine eradicated in Vert, leaved and fruited Argent, surmounting a crescent the same; in chief Azure charged with three mullets of Or inverted.



Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors of Aigne[3]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2020 Yves Fraisse

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 262 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
231 195 291 322 329 360 360 366 340
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
316 347 354 312 403 445 423 404 405
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
422 428 406 439 428 423 426 406 360
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
364 321 265 237 209 234 - 262 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

The War Memorial
Population of Aigne

Economy[edit]

Aigne has a cooperative winery located at the entrance of the village. This winery has been absorbed by the cellar of Azillanet and no longer makes wine.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

  • L'Escargot (The Snail) is a unique architectural building dating from the 11th century. This is a spiral of houses centred on the church square which is only accessible by a private porch. It was once flanked by a drawbridge and defended by a portcullis. It is likely that this architecture was the result of a strategic choice of defense.

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church contains two items which are registered as historical objects:

Tourism[edit]

There are several sites to visit with a restaurant on the town square and also many shops and craft workshops.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Hérault (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM34001516 Altar and Tabernacle (French)Camera aabb.svg
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM34000014 Bronze bell (French)