Aignes-et-Puypéroux

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Aignes-et-Puypéroux
Town hall
Town hall
Aignes-et-Puypéroux is located in France
Aignes-et-Puypéroux
Aignes-et-Puypéroux
Coordinates: 45°27′07″N 0°08′42″E / 45.452°N 0.145°E / 45.452; 0.145Coordinates: 45°27′07″N 0°08′42″E / 45.452°N 0.145°E / 45.452; 0.145
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Charente
Arrondissement Angoulême
Canton Montmoreau-Saint-Cybard
Intercommunality Montmorélien
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Carole Marty
Area
 • Land1 12.99 km2 (5.02 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 261
 • Population2 density 20/km2 (52/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 16004 / 16190
Elevation 84–201 m (276–659 ft)
(avg. 141 m or 463 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aignes-et-Puypéroux is a French commune in the Charente department in the Poitou-Charentes region of southwestern France.

Geography[edit]

Location and access[edit]

Aignes-et-Puypéroux is a commune located 25 kilometres due south of Angouleme, in the Highway D674 which passes through the heart of the commune north to south and on to Montmoreau-Saint-Cybard. The Highway D54 also runs through the heart of the commune from Perignac in the west to the D16 in the south-east. Both highways intersect at the village of Aignes-et-Puypéroux.[1]

The railway line from Paris-Austerlitz to Bordeaux-Saint-Jean passes through the southern part of the commune from north-east to south-west. The nearest train station is Montmoreau, some 10 km south of the town, which is served by the TER running between Angoulême and Bordeaux.

Hamlets and localities[edit]

Villages are numerous in the commune, and several have some importance:

  • Puypéroux in the far north where the abbey of the same name
  • chez Jambon, in the south of the commune
  • chez Boucher, in the western part
  • Maine Guillien and Boisbourdeau, both south of the town of Aignes
  • les Héries and les Cardineaux, near the Moulin Brunet creek
  • le Bouet and la Gautrie near the road to Perignac
  • la Croix, towards Chadurie
  • le Pétingaud and le Tavilard, close to the railway line, etc.[2]

Neighbouring Communes and Villages[edit]

Geology and terrain[edit]

The town is located in the limestone hills of the Aquitaine Basin dating from the Late Cretaceous period, as is all of the southern half of the department of Charente.

The limestone is in the form of Chalk of the Campanian age over the entire municipal area. The ridge north of the town and a few peaks in the south are covered with deposits of the Tertiary period (Lutetian and Cuisian) composed of pebbles, Sand and Clay. The peaks and some slopes in the valleys exhibit formations of Detrital rock and Colluvium derived from bedrock and dated to the glaciations of the Quaternary period (Pliocene and Pleistocene).[3][4][5]

Related article: Géologie de la Charente (French) on the French Wikipedia.

The high plateau between the valleys of two rivers, is covered by 66% agricultural land and 34% forests and semi-natural lands.[6]

The highest point of the commune is at an altitude of 201 metres, located at the northern end of the reservoir Croix de Verdelette. The lowest point is 84 metres, located at the southern edge of the commune along the Moulin d'Aignes Creek near its confluence with the Tude. The village of Aignes is at 145 metres above sea level 2.[2]

Hydrography[edit]

Bounded on the north-west by the stream of Chaverrut (name of the upstream part of the Arce),[2] a sub-tributary of the Charente and in the south by the Tude, a tributary of the Dronne and sub-tributary of the Dordogne. The territory of the municipality is split between the two basins of the Charente (17% of the area) and the Gironde (83% of the area).

There are also several streams, all tributaries of the Tude: the Dead Water Stream, Gouyat Pond stream (also called Ribérat in its upper part [2]), Moulin d'Aignes Creek, and the Moulin Brunet stream.[7]

The clayey nature of the soil on the peaks is favourable to some small water reservoirs and springs and fountains (Fontaine Jeannot, fontaine du Coursier, fontaine du Chat, source Saint-Gilles, etc.).[2]

Climate[edit]

As in three-quarters of the department in the south and west, the climate is oceanic Aquitaine.

Toponymy[edit]

The name Aignes comes from the patron saint of the village, Agnès. In Greek, agnê means "pure".

Puypéroux comes from the Latin Podium Petrosum meaning "stony hill".[8]

History[edit]

The commune of Aignes-and-Puypéroux, created in 1793 under the name of Aigne was renamed Agne-et-Puispérou in 1801, then Aignes-et-Puypéroux later. It was, until 1970, part of the Canton of Blanzac and was integrated into the Canton Montmoreau-Saint-Cybard at that date.

Old Stately home

There can be seen in the village of Aignes a former stately home, once the seat of a fief which fell under the lordship of la Faye. In 1541, the lordship of Aignes acquired it through Antoine de Viaud and it remained in the family until the end of the 17th century.

At that time the lordship was held by Gaston Pierre de Viaud, a captain in the regiment of Navarre. His daughter, Gabrielle Catherine, wife of Philippe Auguste Mastin of Nuaillé, who had a dowry of the land of Aignes. The Mastin family still owned Aignes at the time of the Revolution.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the house was owned by Mr. L. Tabuteau, the mayor of the town.

The most remarkable monument of the town is the Church of Puypéroux, built on top of a high hill, which juts like a promontory between two narrow valleys. The church also contains the tomb of Saint Gilles, its founder, and has been the subject of a beautiful restoration.

The church was, in the beginning, an abbey of Benedictine monks founded, if tradition is to be believed, in the 6th century. Later, the community could not support themselves, the monks retired to Blanzac and the Puypéroux monastery became a simple monastic priory.

This priory retains some importance even to the 15th century, at which time it was destroyed by the English. The buildings were burned, the monks retreated to the cloisters of Blanzac, abandoning their possessions.

From 1836, Puypéroux was the mother house of the Society of Sisters of Our Lady of the Angels, to whom we owe the restoration of the church by the architect Barbaud.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the tradition of annual pilgrimage to the tomb of St. Giles was still practiced.[9]

Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors of Aignes-et-Puypéroux[10]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2008 Jean Dade
2008 2014 Carole Marty SE Secretary

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009, the commune had 260 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
211 653 621 624 633 621 618 608
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
653 626 596 596 596 604 532 518 452
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
429 444 425 377 380 365 336 368 333
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2009 - -
324 325 286 244 263 270 260 - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aignes-et-Puypéroux

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Aignes-et-Puypéroux and Charente Department in 2007

Aignes Aignes Charente Charente
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 16.0 14.5 17.1 15.4
15 to 29 Years 15.2 21.8 16.7 14.7
30 to 44 Years 17.6 16.4 20.0 19.2
45 to 59 Years 19.2 18.4 22.3 21.5
60 to 74 Years 20.8 16.4 15.2 15.8
75 to 89 Years 11.2 11.8 8.2 11.8
90 Years+ 0.0 0.7 0.5 1.6

Facilities, services, and local life[edit]

Community Hall

Education[edit]

The school is a RPI[11] between Chavenat and Aignes. Both Chavenat and Aignes have an elementary school.[12]

Sport[edit]

The commune has a field for ULM (Ultralight aviation). The club is called the ULM club montmorélien.[13]

Sites and Monuments[edit]

Religious Heritage[edit]

Puypéroux Abbey was founded before 925 according to tradition[14] by Saint Gilles; the church being rebuilt at the latest in the middle of the 11th century, because of:

  • the small embellishments in the walls of the nave
  • the decoration of the Imposts in that part
  • the imposts on the side and on the apse

All are reminiscent of the same era of primitive Romanesque.

The transept, from a little later period, contains very archaic sculptures of great archaeological value.[15] Only the facade was rebuilt in the 12th century, around the year 1130. It has an octagonal dome and a pentagonal choir with the original font. It was registered as a National Monument on 5 December 1984.[16]

  • The tomb of Saint Gilles is located in the second bay of the church of Puypéroux.
  • The Puypéroux Fountain is a place of processions during drought.
  • The site of the abbey is a "listed site".[17][18]
  • The Church of Saint-Martial of Aignes: there is no documentation of the date of this old church. The nave, in very poor condition, was repaired in 1838 and 1879. The bases of the columns, their curved imposts, and their method of construction suggest a date for the oldest parts of the last quarter of the 12th century. The remains of a funeral litter are visible on the north wall of the nave.[19]

Civil heritage[edit]

The derelict chateau
  • Castle: in the village there is a chateau dating back to the end of the 18th century. The grounds of the castle are a "listed site".[17][18]

Environmental heritage[edit]

European Mink

In the north, straddling the communes of Aignes and Chadurie, the Landes de Bois Rond are classified as a Natural Zone of ecological interest for fauna and flora of type I.[20]

The presence of many types of wildlife can be seen: nesting birds such as the Hen Harrier, the Nightjar, the Dartford Warbler and the Common Grasshopper Warbler; amphibians such as the Yellow-bellied toad, the Tree Frog, the Marbled Newt and the natterjack toad; also plants such as long leaf oats and the bicolor Phalangère.

The Valley of the Tude and the valley of the Arce are classified as Natural Zones of ecological interest for fauna and flora of type II under French regulations,[21][22] and zones of Natura 2000 from a European point of view.[18] They are characterized mainly by the presence of the European mink, an endangered species.

See also[edit]

Notes and References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  2. ^ In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc.. , as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google Maps
  2. ^ a b c d e IGN map on the Géoportail
  3. ^ Visualisateur Infoterre BRGM website
  4. ^ BRGM Map on the French Géoportail
  5. ^ Paper notice of Montmoreau, BRGM, 1982, website: Infoterre, consulted on 2 December 2011
  6. ^ European Union – SOeS, CORINE Land Cover, 2006, visible at Géoportail
  7. ^ ©IGN Paris-MATE BD Carthage® v.3 - 2002, visible at Géoportail
  8. ^ Jean-Marie Cassagne and Stéphane Seguin, Origin of Names of Towns and Villages in Charente, Ed. Jean-Michel Bordessoules, 1998, 311 pages, passage 10 and 220, ISBN 2-913471-06-4
  9. ^ Jules Martin-Buchey, Historic and Communal Geography of the Charente, vol. I: Arrondissement of Angoulême, Martin-Buchey, Châteauneuf, 1914 (Reprinted Éd. de la Tour Gile, 1996), 672 p. ISBN 2-878022-6-88
  10. ^ List of Mayors of France
  11. ^ a combined school of several smaller schools. See "Regroupement pédagogique" on the French Wikipedia
  12. ^ Academic Inspection website for Charente
  13. ^ ULM club montmorélien
  14. ^ Jules Martin-Buchey, Historic and Communal Geography of the Charente, editted by the author, Châteauneuf, 1914-1917 (Reprinted Bruno Sépulchre, Paris, 1984), 422 pages, p. 37
  15. ^ Jean Georges and Alexis Guérin-Boutaud, The Roman Churches in the former Diocese of Angoulême, 1928, imp. Kapp, Paris-Vanves. (French)
  16. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00104198 Abbey of Puypéroux (Fr)
  17. ^ a b An Official French label ensuring that only changes approved by the state can be made. See "Site naturel inscrit" in the French Wikipedia
  18. ^ a b c DREAL Poitou-Charentes, 2007
  19. ^ Jean Nanglard, Historic Church Properties of the Diocese of Angoulême, Vols II & IV, Angoulême, printed by Roux et Despujols, 1897, 588 p. / 684 p. (French)
  20. ^ The Landes de Bois Rond, Editor: National Museum of Natural History, Author: Jean-Pierre Sardin
  21. ^ Valleys of the Nizonne, the Tude, and the Dronne in Poitou-Charentes, Editor: National Natural History Museum, Author: Jean Terrisse
  22. ^ Valley of the Né and its tributaries, Editor: National Naturtal History Museum, Author: JP Sardin