Aikanã language

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Aikanã
Tubarão, Huari
Native to Brazil
Region Rondônia
Native speakers
200  (2007)[2]
Dialects
Masaká
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tba
Glottolog aika1237[3]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Aikanã (sometimes called Tubarão,[4] Corumbiara/Kolumbiara, or Huari/Uari/Wari) is an endangered language isolate[2] spoken by about 200 Aikanã people in Rondônia,[5] Brazil. It is morphologically complex and has SOV word order.[6] Aikanã uses the Latin script. The people live with speakers of Koaia (Kwaza).

Phonology[7][edit]

Vowels[edit]

Oral vowels
Front Central Back
Close i y u
Mid ɛ ø a~ə
Open
Nasal vowels
Front Central Back
Close ĩ ũ
Mid ɛ̃
Open ã

Consonants[edit]

Consonants
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ ñ /ɲ/
Stop p /p/
b /b/
t /t/
d /d/
k /k/ /ʔ/
Fricative s /s/
th /ð/
j/h /h/
Affricates ts /t͡s~t͡ʃ/
Trills r /r/
Approximant w /w/ l /l/ y /j~ʒ/

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aikana Pronunciation Guide". Native Languages of the Americas website. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  2. ^ a b Hein van der Voort (2007). "Theoretical and social implications of language documentation and description on the eve of destruction in Rondônia" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Aikanã". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Hein van der Voort (2004). A Grammar of Kwaza. Walter de Gruyter. p. 9. ISBN 3-11-017869-9. 
  5. ^ "Ethnologue report for language code:tba". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  6. ^ "Aikana Language and the Aikanã Indian Tribe". Native Languages of the Americas website. 2008. Archived from the original on 10 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  7. ^ "Aikana Pronunciation Guide". Native Languages of the Americas website. 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  • Alain Fabre, 2005, Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos: AIKANA[1]