Aikanaka (1790–1868)

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High Chief of Hawaii
Spouse Kamaʻeokalani
Mary Napuaelua
Issue Analea Keohokālole
William Luther Moehonua
Father Kepoʻokalani
Mother Keohohiwa
Born c. 1790
Died 1868

ʻAikanaka (1790–1868) was a high chief of the Kingdom of Hawaii and grandfather of two of Hawaii's future monarchs.


ʻAikanaka was born about 1790.[1]

His father was Chief Kepoʻokalani and his mother was Keohohiwa. His half-brother was Kamanawa II. The name literally means "man eater" in the Hawaiian language.

He was a grandson of two of the five Kona chiefs who supported Kamehameha I in his uprising against Kiwalaʻo: Kameʻeiamoku (one of the "royal twins" on the Coat of Arms of Hawaii) and Keawe-a-Heulu. His family was of high rank and were distant cousins of the House of Kamehameha. He was considered to be of the Keawe-a-Heulu line, his mother's line, and this line is what his grandchildren followed by.

He had one daughter, Keohokālole by Kamaʻeokalani, and probably one son, William Luther Moehonua by Mary Napuaelua.[2] For some reason, ʻAikanaka asked his servant Keawemahi to take his wife and son Moehonua. Moehonua later served as Governor of Maui, and other offices.[3] His daughter Keohokālole by Kamaeokalani served as a member of the House of Nobles.[4] He was in charge of the Punchbowl gun battery and his home was under the Punchbowl hill.[5] His compound included grass structures for cooking, eating, gathering, and retainers' quarters where his daughter gave birth to his two grandchildren: future Queen Lydia Kamakaeha Liliʻuokalani and King David Kalākaua.

He was adoptive father of his eldest grandson Kaliokalani, who died in 1852 at the age of 17. ʻAikanaka died in 1868.[2] He owned vast tracts of land and they were split in half between his son and daughter, and then his daughter's in thirds to her remaining children.


  1. ^ Henry Soszynski. "Aikanaka". rootsweb on 
  2. ^ a b Christopher Buyers. "Kauai Genealogy". Royal Ark web site. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  3. ^ "Moehonua, WIlliam Luther office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  4. ^ "Keohokalole, A. office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  5. ^ Hawaii and Its People By Arthur Grove Day. Page 201