Aiken County, South Carolina

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Aiken County, South Carolina
Augsky.JPG
Aiken County Courthouse
Seal of Aiken County, South Carolina
Seal
Map of South Carolina highlighting Aiken County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1871
Named for William Aiken
Seat Aiken
Largest city Aiken
Area
 • Total 1,080 sq mi (2,797 km2)
 • Land 1,073 sq mi (2,779 km2)
 • Water 8 sq mi (21 km2), 0.72%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 162,812
 • Density 149/sq mi (57.6/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.aikencountysc.gov

Aiken County /ˈkən/ is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, its population was 160,099.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Aiken.[2] Aiken County is a part of the Augusta, Georgia metropolitan area.

History[edit]

Both Aiken County and its county seat of Aiken are named after William Aiken (1779–1831) who was the first president of the South Carolina Railroad Company. In 1871, Aiken County was formed from pieces of Barnwell, Edgefield, Lexington, and Orangeburg counties.[3]

After the Civil War, the county became a hot spot as a winter home for affluent Northerners. The county still remains popular with horse trainers and riders.

In the 1950s, Aiken County along with the nearby counties of Allendale and Barnwell was chosen as the location for storage of nuclear materials and various fissile materials, now known as the Savannah River Site. Developed during Cold War tension the facility is now scheduled for various parts of the site to be decommissioned.[3]

Government[edit]

Ronnie Young is the chairman of the Aiken County Council. The other members and their districts are as follows:

  • Kathy Rawls- District 1
  • Scott Singer- District 2
  • LaWana McKenzie- District 3
  • Chuck Smith- District 4
  • Sandy Haskell- District 5
  • Charles Barton- District 6
  • Gary Bunker- District 7
  • Willar H. Hightower Jr.- District 8[4]
  • Mike Hunt- Aiken County Sheriff[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,080 square miles (2,800 km2), of which 1,073 square miles (2,780 km2) is land and 8 square miles (21 km2) (0.72%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 28,112
1890 31,822 13.2%
1900 39,032 22.7%
1910 41,849 7.2%
1920 45,574 8.9%
1930 47,403 4.0%
1940 49,916 5.3%
1950 53,137 6.5%
1960 81,038 52.5%
1970 91,023 12.3%
1980 105,625 16.0%
1990 120,940 14.5%
2000 142,552 17.9%
2010 160,099 12.3%
Est. 2012 162,812 1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 142,552 people, 55,587 households, and 39,411 families residing in the county. The population density was 133 inhabitants per square mile (51 /km2). There were 61,987 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.37% White, 25.56% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, and 1.18% from two or more races. 2.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.0% were of American, 9.7% English, 8.4% German and 7.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 55,587 households out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.30% were married couples living together, 13.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.10% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,889, and the median income for a family was $45,769. Males had a median income of $36,743 versus $23,810 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,772. About 10.60% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.90% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.[9]

2010 Demographics[edit]

The following is from the 2010 CensusTotal Population 160,099 (100.00%)

Population by Race American Indian and Alaska native alone 682 (0.43%) Asian alone 1,329 (0.83%) Black or African American alone 39,354 (24.58%) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific native alone 61 (0.04%) Some other race alone 4,126 (2.58%) Two or more races 3,090 (1.93%) White alone 111,457 (69.62%)

Population by Hispanic or Latino Origin (of any race) Persons Not of Hispanic or Latino Origin 152,275 (95.11%) Persons of Hispanic or Latino Origin 7,824 (4.89%)

Population by Gender Female 82,549 (51.56%) Male 77,550 (48.44%)

Population by Age Persons 0 to 4 years 10,046 (6.27%) Persons 5 to 17 years 26,782 (16.73%) Persons 18 to 64 years (98,652) 61.62% Persons 65 years and over 24,619 (15.38%)[10]

Communities[edit]

Historic places[edit]

Aiken County Courthouse

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b Mary Morgan (19 March 2007). "History". Archived from the original on 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  4. ^ "Aiken County Government". Archived from the original on 6 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-29. 
  5. ^ http://www.aikencountysheriff.org/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  9. ^ "US Census Bureau Demographics Data". 
  10. ^ http://censusviewer.com/county/SC/Aiken/2010

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°33′N 81°38′W / 33.55°N 81.64°W / 33.55; -81.64