Aikō District, Kanagawa

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Map of Aikō District with Meiji period area in yellow, modern area in green

1. - Aikawa, 2. - Kiyokawa

Aikō District (愛甲郡 Aikō-gun?) is a district located in central Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It currently consists of only one town, Aikawa, and one village, Kiyokawa. The city of Atsugi was formerly part of Aikō District.

Towns and villages[edit]

History[edit]

Historic Map of Aikō District

Aikō District was one of the ancient subdivisions of Sagami Province, extending from central Sagami north to the border of Musashi Province between the Sagami River and the Tanzawa Mountains. The district offices were located in what is now part of Atsugi. The area was part of a vast shōen controlled by the Oe clan, and their descendents, the Mōri clan of Chōshū from the Heian period through the Sengoku period. It later became a contested area between the late Hōjō clan of Odawara and the Takeda clan of Kai. In the Edo period, it was nominally part of Odawara Domain, although large portions were tenryō territory controlled by the Shogun in Edo through various hatamoto. From 1706, a branch of the Ōkubo clan in Odawara was permitted to establish the Ogino-Yamanaka Domain on a portion of the district. Other portions of the district came under control of Karasuyama Domain of Shimosa Province.

With the Meiji Restoration of 1868, Ogino-Yamanaka Domain came under the control of Shizuoka Domain, while remaining territories became part of the new Kanagawa Prefecture. With the abolition of the han system in 1871, former Ogino-Yamanaka Domain became Ogino-Yamanaka Prefecture, and subsequently part of the short-lived Ashigaru Prefecture. It merged with Kanagawa Prefecture in 1876.

Timeline[edit]

  • The new Aikō and Tsukui Districts were established in 1878.
  • In 1889, Aikō District was administratively divided into the following municipalities:
    • one town (Atsugi)
    • 16 villages (Koayu, Tamagawa, Nanmori, Mita, Tanasawa, Shimokawairi, Tsumada, Oikawa, Hayashi, Echi, Ogino, Aikawa, Takamine, Nakatsu, Susugaya and Miyagase)
  • In 1940, Aikawa Village was elevated to town status.
  • In 1946, Mutsuai Village was created through the merger of six villages (Mita, Tanasawa, Shimokawairi, Tsumada, Oikawa and Hayashi).
  • In 1955:
    • January 15 - The village of Takamine was absorbed into Aikawa.
    • February 1 - The village of Mutsuai merged with the town of Atsugi and three other villages (Koayu, Tamagawa and Nanmori) to form the city of Atsugi.
    • July 8 - The village of Echi was absorbed into Atsugi.
  • In 1956:
    • September 30 - Kiyokawa Village was created through the merger of two villages (Susugaya and Miyagase).
    • September 30 - The village of Nakatsu was absorbed into Aikawa.
    • September 30 - The village of Ogino was absorbed into Atsugi.

Merger table[edit]

pre-1889 April 1, 1889 1889 - 1926 1926 - 1943 1944 - 1954 1955 - 1989 989 - Present Present
  Atsugi town Atsugi town Atsugi town Atsugi town February 1, 1955
Atsugi city
Atsugi city Atsugi city
Koayu village Koayu village Koayu village Koayu village
Tamagawa village Tamagawa village Tamagawa village Tamagawa village
Nanmori village Nanmori village Nanmori village Nanmori village
Mita village Mita village Mita village June 1, 1946
Mutsuai village
Tanasawa village Tanasawa village Tanasawa village
Shimokawairi village Shimokawairi village Shimokawairi village
Tsumada village Tsumada village Tsumada village
Oikawa village Oikawa village Oikawa village
Hayashi village Hayashi village Hayashi village
Echi village Echi village Echi village Echi village July 8, 1955
merged with Atsugi city
Ogino village Ogino village Ogino village Ogino village September 30, 1956
merged with Atsugi city
Aikawa village Aikawa village April 1, 1940
Aikawa town
Aikawa town January 15, 1955
Aikawa town
Aikawa town Aikawa town
Takamine village Takamine village Takamine village Takamine village
Nakatsu village Nakatsu village Nakatsu village Nakatsu village September 30, 1956
merged with Aikawa town
Susugaya village Susugaya village Susugaya village Susugaya village September 30, 1956
Kiyokawa village
Kiyokawa village Kiyokawa village
Miyagase village Miyagase village Miyagase village Miyagase village

Coordinates: 35°29′59″N 139°15′12″E / 35.49972°N 139.25333°E / 35.49972; 139.25333