Aillwee Cave

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Aillwee Cave
McGanns Cave
Aillwee cave.jpg
Inside Aillwee Cave
Map showing the location of Aillwee Cave
Map showing the location of Aillwee Cave
Showing location of Aillwee Cave in Ireland
Location County Clare, Ireland
Coordinates 53°05′21″N 9°08′38″W / 53.089167°N 9.143815°W / 53.089167; -9.143815Coordinates: 53°05′21″N 9°08′38″W / 53.089167°N 9.143815°W / 53.089167; -9.143815
Length 1,030 metres (3,380 ft) [1]
Altitude 92 metres (302 ft)[1]
Discovery 1944. Explored 1973 onwards
Geology Carboniferous limestone
Access Show cave
Show cave length 1,130 metres (3,710 ft) (inc. exit tunnel)[2]
Lighting Electric[2]

Aillwee Cave is a cave in the karst landscape of the Burren in County Clare, Ireland. The name Aillwee is derived from the Irish Aill Bhuí which means "yellow cliff".[3]

Description[edit]

The cave system consists of over a kilometre of passages leading into the heart of the mountain. Its features include an underground river and a waterfall as well as some large stalactites and stalagmites. The remains of bears can also be seen inside the caves and allusions have been made to it being the last bear den in Ireland. Roughly 300 metres (980 ft) of cave passage is open to the public, one third of the total length of the cave. The tours end at a point called the Highway and exit the cave via a 250-metre (820 ft) man-made tunnel. The cave is typical of the Clare caves, consisting in the main of stream passage and ending in a sump. The general direction is east–west but turns due south some 600 metres (2,000 ft) into the cave.

The cave is considerably older than most of the Clare caves and originally contained a large stream. The cave is now largely deserted of the stream and is heavily backfilled with glacial infill. The formations visible on the show cave tour are rarely more than 8000 years old but calcite samples in the recesses of the cave have been dated to over 350,000 years old.

Discovery and exploration[edit]

It was discovered in 1944, when a farmer named Jack McGann followed his dog who was chasing a rabbit. The farmer did not explore very far into the caves, and did not tell anyone of the find for nearly 30 years. He told cavers of the cave in 1973 and that summer the cave was explored as far as a boulder choke. Show cave development began quite soon after. The boulder choke was removed in 1977 and access was gained to the rest of the cave. The Marine Blast tunnel was completed in 1992 to allow a circular trip.[2]

The caves appear in the Father Ted episode "The Mainland" under the name "The Very Dark Caves". They are also mentioned in a story in Part II of The Basset Chronicles by June J. McInerney.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Irish Speleology, Volume 2 No.4 p 19
  1. ^ a b Drew, D.P.; Cohen (1980). "Geomorphology and Sediments of Aillwee Cave, Co. Clare, Ireland". Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Society 15 (3): 227–240. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Duckeck., Jochen. "Aillwee Cave". Show Caves of Ireland. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "An Aill Bhuí". Bunachar Logainmneacha na hÉireann. An Roinn Ealaíon, Oidhreachta agus Gaeltachta. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 

External links[edit]