Provinces of Mongolia

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Administrative divisions of Mongolia
First level
Province
aimag (аймаг)

Capital city
niislel (нийслэл)

Second level
District
sum (сум)


Municipal District
düüreg (дүүрэг)

Third level
Subdistrict
bag (баг)


Municipal Subdistrict
khoroo (хороо)

State emblem of Mongolia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mongolia

Mongolia is divided into 21 Provinces (Mongolian: аймаг, often translated as aimags. Each aimag is subdivided into several districts.[1][2] The name aimag is derived from the Mongolian word for "tribe".[citation needed] The modern provinces were established since 1921. The capital, Ulaanbaatar, is governed as an independent provincial municipality separate from Töv Province, inside which it is located. Ulaanbaatar is included as the 22nd province since it is administered at the same level as the other 21 provinces.

List of Provinces[edit]

Seal Provinces Mongolian Population
2010 Census[3]
Area
(km²)[4]
Density
(/km²)
Capital
Arhangai.png Arkhangai
Arhangay
Архангай
ᠠᠷᠤᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠢ
84,584 55,313.82 1.53 Tsetserleg
(Цэцэрлэг)
ᠴᠡᠴᠡᠷᠯᠢᠭ
Bayan Olgiy.gif Bayan-Ölgii
Bayan-Ölgiy
Баян-Өлгий
ᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨ ᠥᠯᠦᠭᠡᠢ
88,056 45,704.89 1.93 Ölgii
(Өлгий)
ᠥᠯᠦᠭᠡᠢ
Mn coa bayankhongor aymag.png Bayankhongor
Bayanhongor
Баянхонгор
ᠪᠠᠶ᠋ᠠᠩᠬᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠤᠷ
76,085 115,977.80 0.66 Bayankhongor
(Баянхонгор)
ᠪᠠᠶ᠋ᠠᠩᠬᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠤᠷ
Bulgan.gif Bulgan Булган
ᠪᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ
53,655 48,733.00 1.10 Bulgan
(Булган)
ᠪᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ
Mn coa of darkhan aymag.svg Darkhan-Uul
Darhan uul
Дархан-Уул
ᠳᠠᠷᠬᠠᠨ ᠠᠭᠤᠯᠠ
94,625 3,275.00 28.89 Darkhan
(Дархан)
ᠳᠠᠷᠬᠠᠨ
Dornod.gif Dornod Дорнод
ᠳᠣᠷᠤᠨᠠᠳᠤ
69,552 123,597.43 0.56 Choibalsan
(Чойбалсан)
ᠴᠣᠶᠢᠪᠠᠯᠰᠠᠩ
Dornogov.gif Dornogovi
Dornogovĭ
Дорноговь
ᠳᠣᠷᠤᠨᠠᠭᠣᠪᠢ
58,612 109,472.30 0.54 Sainshand
(Сайншанд)
ᠰᠠᠶᠢᠩᠰᠠᠩᠳᠠ
Dundgov.gif Dundgovi
Dundgovĭ
Дундговь
ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠭᠣᠪᠢ
38,821 74,690.32 0.52 Mandalgovi
(Мандалговь)
ᠮᠠᠨᠳᠠᠯᠭᠣᠪᠢ
Govsumber.gif Govi-Altai
Govĭ-Altay
Говь-Алтай
ᠭᠣᠪᠢ ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠢ
53,590 141,447.67 0.38 Altai
(Алтай)
ᠠᠯᠲᠠᠢ
Hentiy.gif Govisümber
Govĭ-Sümber
Говьсүмбэр
ᠭᠣᠪᠢ ᠰᠦᠮᠪᠦᠷ
13,240 5,541.80 2.39 Choir
(Чойр)
ᠴᠣᠶᠢᠷ
Mn coa khovd aymag.png Khentii
Hentiy
Хэнтий
ᠺᠡᠨᠲᠡᠢ
65,811 80,325.08 0.82 Öndörkhaan
(Өндөрхаан)
ᠥᠨᠳᠦᠷᠬᠠᠨ
Govaltai.gif Khovd
Hovd
Ховд
ᠬᠣᠪᠲᠤ
76,870 76,060.38 1.01 Khovd
(Ховд)
ᠬᠣᠪᠲᠤ
Mn coa khuvsgul aymag.png Khövsgöl
Hövsgöl
Хөвсгөл
ᠺᠥᠪᠰᠦᠭᠦᠯ
114,926 100,628.82 1.14 Mörön
(Мөрөн)
ᠮᠥᠷᠡᠨ
Mn coa Ömnögovǐ.jpg Ömnögovi
Ömnögovĭ
Өмнөговь
ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠭᠣᠪᠢ
61,314 165,380.47 0.37 Dalanzadgad
(Даланзадгад)
ᠳᠠᠯᠠᠨᠵᠠᠳᠠᠭᠠᠳ
Mn coa erdenet.png Orkhon
Orhon
Орхон
ᠣᠷᠬᠣᠨ
90,700 844.00 107.46 Erdenet
(Эрдэнэт)
ᠡᠷᠳᠡᠨᠢᠲᠦ
Mn coa uvurkhangay aymag.png Övörkhangai
Övörhangay
Өвөрхангай
ᠥᠪᠦᠷᠬᠠᠩᠭᠠᠢ
101,314 62,895.33 1.61 Arvaikheer
(Арвайхээр)
ᠠᠷᠪᠠᠶᠢᠬᠡᠭᠡᠷ
Selenge.gif Selenge Сэлэнгэ
ᠰᠡᠯᠡᠩᠭᠡ
97,585 41,152.63 2.37 Sükhbaatar
(Сүхбаатар)
ᠰᠦᠺᠡᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ
Mn coa sukhbaatar aymag.png Sükhbaatar
Sühbaatar
Сүхбаатар
ᠰᠦᠺᠡᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ
51,334 82,287.15 0.62 Baruun-Urt
(Баруун-Урт)
ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠤᠷᠲᠤ
Tov.gif Töv Төв
ᠲᠥᠪ
85,166 74,042.37 1.15 Zuunmod
(Зуунмод)
ᠵᠠᠭᠤᠨᠮᠣᠳᠤ
Uvs.gif Uvs Увс
ᠤᠪᠰᠤ
73,323 69,585.39 1.05 Ulaangom
(Улаангом)
ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠮ
Zavchan.gif Zavkhan
Dzavhan
Завхан
ᠵᠠᠪᠬᠠᠨ
65,481 82,455.66 0.79 Uliastai
(Улиастай)
ᠤᠯᠢᠶ᠋ᠠᠰᠤᠲᠠᠢ
Mn coa ulaanbaatar.png Ulan Bator(Municipality)
Ulaanbaatar
Улаанбаатар
ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ
1,154,290 4,704.40 226.90 Ulan Bator
(Улаанбаатар)
ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ

Past provincial population[edit]

*- Govisümber aimag was split from Dornogovi aimag in 1994.

Province 1979-01-05
Census
1989-01-05
Census
2000-01-05
Census
2009-12-31
est.[5]
Arkhangai 77,575 84,517 97,091 92,449
Bayan-Ölgii 71,416 90,911 91,068 101,848
Bayankhongor 63,048 74,574 84,779 85,365
Bulgan 42,398 51,910 61,776 62,340
Darkhan-Uul 50,572 85,737 83,271 90,050
Dornod 58,860 81,073 75,373 73,625
Dornogovi 42,349 57,103 50,575 58,318
Dundgovi 38,937 49,320 51,517 47,671
Govi-Altai 55,884 62,773 63,673 59,376
Govisümber -* -* 12,230 13,293
Khentii 52,784 73,804 70,946 71,458
Khovd 62,565 76,553 86,831 88,505
Khövsgöl 88,500 101,833 119,063 124,108
Ömnögovi 32,929 42,445 46,858 49,333
Orkhon 31,851 56,136 71,525 83,145
Övörkhangai 82,504 96,510 111,420 117,513
Selenge 65,118 86,952 99,950 103,459
Sükhbaatar 43,229 50,846 56,166 54,955
Töv 80,547 100,088 99,268 88,503
Uvs 72,302 83,958 90,037 78,801
Zavkhan 79,990 88,518 89,999 79,320
Ulan Bator 403,000 548,400 760,077 1,240,037

History[edit]

Mongolian Provinces (aimags) in 1932

During the Qing Dynasty, the territory of Outer Mongolia was divided (from east to west) into the Setsen Khan, Tüsheet Khan, Sain Noyon Khan, and Zasagt Khan provinces plus the Khovd area. The northern border to Russia was guarded by a watch post area. After Mongolia's second declaration of independence in 1921, the provinces were renamed in 1923, to Khaan Khentii Uulyn Province, Bogd Khan Uulyn Province, Tsetserleg Mandal Uulyn Province, and Khan Taishir Uulyn Province, respectively. The Khovd area and the Jebtsundamba Khutughtu's great shabi (personal fiefdom) turned into provinces of their own, Chandmani Uulyn Province and Delger Ikh Uulyn Province, respectively (the latter was later merged with Tsetserleg Mandal Uulyn Province). But otherwise the administrative structure was largely left unchanged until the 1930s.

An administrative reorganisation was initiated in 1931, which resulted in the Provinces Khovd, Dörvöd (later renamed Uvs), Altai (later renamed Govi-Altai), Khövsgöl, Zavkhan, Arkhangai, Övörkhangai, Ömnögovi, Tariachin (later split into parts of Bulgan and Selenge), Töv, Dornogovi, Khentii and Dornod (later renamed to Choibalsan). The Bayankhongor, Bayan-Ölgii, Bulgan, Dundgovi, Sükhbaatar, and Selenge provinces were created in the 1930s and 1940s.

The Choibalsan Province was re-renamed to Dornod Province in 1963, and the capital Ulan Bator was split from Töv Province as a separate district. The same status was given to the newly founded industrial cities of Darkhan (1961 in the Selenge Province) and Erdenet (1975 in the Bulgan Province). In 1994, two Sums of the Bulgan Province were taken to build the Orkhon Province around Erdenet, and four Sums of the Selenge Province to build the Darkhan-Uul Province around Darkhan, ending the special status of the two cities. In a highly disputed decision, the Govisümber Province was split from the Dornogovi Province in 1996.

See also[edit]

References[edit]