Aincille

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Aincille
Coat of arms of Aincille
Coat of arms
Aincille is located in France
Aincille
Aincille
Coordinates: 43°08′44″N 1°11′38″W / 43.1455°N 1.1938°W / 43.1455; -1.1938Coordinates: 43°08′44″N 1°11′38″W / 43.1455°N 1.1938°W / 43.1455; -1.1938
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Bayonne
Canton Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port
Intercommunality Garazi-Baïgorri
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Gilbert Ocafrain
Area
 • Land1 6.26 km2 (2.42 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 135
 • Population2 density 22/km2 (56/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64011 / 64220
Elevation 198–755 m (650–2,477 ft)
(avg. 240 m or 790 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aincille (Basque: Aintzilla) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

The town is part of Cize Country in the former Basque province of Lower Navarre.

It is located some 50 km south-east of Bayonne and 5 km south-east of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port.[1]

Access[edit]

The commune can be accessed by the D401 road from Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port in the north-west to the village. From the village the D118 road goes north to join the D18 highway.[1]

Hydrography[edit]

Located in the watershed of the Adour, the north-eastern border of the commune is marked by the Laurhibar river which flows north to join the Nive north of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port. A stream rises near the village and flows to the Laurhibar in the north-east. The Urtchipea rises in the south of the commune and flows north-west gathering many tributaries and joins the Nive de Beherobie at Saint-Michel. The Sassitako erreka rises south-west of the village and flows north-west joining the Laurhibar east of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port.[1]

Localities and hamlets[2][edit]

  • Ahadoa
  • Aïntzilsarria
  • Bassaburua
  • Bentaberria
  • Berho
  • Chiramberroa
  • Esconda
  • Etcheverrigaraya
  • Gamaberria
  • Goyhenetchéa
  • Handiague
  • Harchilo
  • Jaureguia
  • Oilloquy
  • Pagola
  • Sahaby
  • Sotalda

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Aincille appears in the forms:

The basque name is Ahintzila meaning "hill of mud",[3] Aintzila[4] or Aintzil-Harrieta.[8]

Jean-Baptiste Orpustan[4] wrote the name of the commune in the form Aïncille. He also indicated that in Basque the inhabitants are referred to as Aintzildar.

History[edit]

Part of Aincille territory next to the communes of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan, Bustince-Iriberry, Çaro, Lecumberry, Mendive, Saint-Jean-le-Vieux, and Saint-Michel, was taken on 11 June 1842 to form of the commune of Estérençuby.[9]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aincille

Blazon:
Quarterly, first Azure a bridge of Or masoned in sable debruised over a wave of argent in base, in chief 3 stars the same arranged in fesse; second of Or with an eagle in sable displayed with wings inverted; three vert a cow of Or collared and belled in azure posed in base surmounted by a sheep of argent horned in Or; fourth azure with a church in Or in profile roofed the same extended at dexter with a porch abased and surmounted at dexter by a belltower and steeple the same supporting a cross in sable, windows and doors the same..[10]




Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Afa[11]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2008 Jean Françaistéguy
2008 2014 Gilbert Ocafrain

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune belongs to six intercommunal structures:[12]

  • the Community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri
  • the AEP association of Ainhice
  • the energy association for Pyrenees-Atlantiques
  • the intercommunal association for the development and management of the slaughterhouse at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port
  • the joint association for the watershed of the Nive
  • the association to support Basque culture.

Demography[edit]

In 2010, the commune had 135 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
416 297 413 344 558 590 423 362 341
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
336 303 301 320 307 270 260 241 227
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
217 232 211 191 187 193 183 176 168
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
146 123 136 113 110 103 118 135 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aincille

Economy[edit]

The town is part of the production area of Irouléguy AOC and the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Economic activity is mainly agricultural.

Aincille had long received saline (saline of Ugarré) since the 17th century and had the distinction of being a corporation with ownership of twenty-nine old houses of the town[13] and was reunited with the royal domain in 1683.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Languages

According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, the dialect of Basque spoken in Aincille is Eastern Low Navarrese.

Civil heritage[edit]

A junction cross[14] has been registered as a historical monument since 1992.

The commune has many[15] houses and farms from the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries such as: the Idiondoa Farm[16] (17th century) and the Ahadoberria Farm[17] (18th and 19th centuries), both registered in the General Inventory of Cultural Heritage.

Religious Heritage[edit]

A cemetery cross[18] has been registered as a historical monument since 1992.

The Church of Notre-Dame of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist[19] dates from the middle of the Middle Ages. Other items in the church include a processional cross[20] from the 18th century and a Madonna and Child[21] in wood from the 13th century. These two items have been classified as historical monuments since 1993.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Google Maps
  2. ^ Géoportail, Géoportail - National Institute of Geographic and Forestry Information (IGN), consulted on 14 October 2011 (French)
  3. ^ a b c d e f French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000872 Xommune of Aincille (French)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French), page 143 (French)
  5. ^ Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays (French)
  6. ^ Titles of the Stewardship of Pau - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  7. ^ Cassini (French)
  8. ^ Pierre Lhande, Dictionary basque-French, Éditions Beauchène, 1 April 1997, ISBN 2-7010-0532-9 (French)
  9. ^ (Spanish) Article on Estérençuby in the Encyclopedia Auñamendi
  10. ^ Guy Ascarat (French)
  11. ^ List of Mayors of France
  12. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011 (French)
  13. ^ Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, Arthaud, 1975, ISBN 2 7003 0038 6, page 23. (French)
  14. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00084306 The Junction Cross (French)
  15. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000966 Old Houses and Farms (French)
  16. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000861 Idiondoa Farm (French)
  17. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000860 Ahadoberria Farm (French)
  18. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00084307 The Cemetery Cross (French)
  19. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000857 Church of Notre-Dame of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist (French)
  20. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000025 The Processional Cross of the Church of Notre-Dame of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist (French)
  21. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000024 The Madonna and Child of the Church of Notre-Dame of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist (French)