|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Gilbert Ocafrain|
|• Land1||6.26 km2 (2.42 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||22/km2 (56/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64011 / 64220|
|Elevation||198–755 m (650–2,477 ft)
(avg. 240 m or 790 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and heritage
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 Notes and references
Located in the watershed of the Adour, the north-eastern border of the commune is marked by the Laurhibar river which flows north to join the Nive north of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port. A stream rises near the village and flows to the Laurhibar in the north-east. The Urtchipea rises in the south of the commune and flows north-west gathering many tributaries and joins the Nive de Beherobie at Saint-Michel. The Sassitako erreka rises south-west of the village and flows north-west joining the Laurhibar east of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port.
The name Aincille appears in the forms:
- Ancibiu (1264 and 1309)
- Ancivil (1291 and 1292)
- Ancil (1304 and 1344)
- Ançill (1307)
- Ancibiu (1350)
- Aincile (18th century, Stewardship of Pau, C 54)
- Ancille (1801, Bulletin des lois).
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan wrote the name of the commune in the form Aïncille. He also indicated that in Basque the inhabitants are referred to as Aintzildar.
Part of Aincille territory next to the communes of Ahaxe-Alciette-Bascassan, Bustince-Iriberry, Çaro, Lecumberry, Mendive, Saint-Jean-le-Vieux, and Saint-Michel, was taken on 11 June 1842 to form of the commune of Estérençuby.
List of Successive Mayors of Afa
(Not all data is known)
The commune belongs to six intercommunal structures:
- the Community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri
- the AEP association of Ainhice
- the energy association for Pyrenees-Atlantiques
- the intercommunal association for the development and management of the slaughterhouse at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port
- the joint association for the watershed of the Nive
- the association to support Basque culture.
In 2010, the commune had 135 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Economic activity is mainly agricultural.
Aincille had long received saline (saline of Ugarré) since the 17th century and had the distinction of being a corporation with ownership of twenty-nine old houses of the town and was reunited with the royal domain in 1683.
Culture and heritage
A junction cross has been registered as a historical monument since 1992.
The commune has many houses and farms from the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries such as: the Idiondoa Farm (17th century) and the Ahadoberria Farm (18th and 19th centuries), both registered in the General Inventory of Cultural Heritage.
A cemetery cross has been registered as a historical monument since 1992.
The Church of Notre-Dame of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist dates from the middle of the Middle Ages. Other items in the church include a processional cross from the 18th century and a Madonna and Child in wood from the 13th century. These two items have been classified as historical monuments since 1993.
- Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- AINTZILLA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (in Spanish)
- INSEE commune file
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, Géoportail - National Institute of Geographic and Forestry Information (IGN), consulted on 14 October 2011 (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000872 Xommune of Aincille (French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French), page 143 (French)
- Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays (French)
- Titles of the Stewardship of Pau - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Cassini (French)
- Pierre Lhande, Dictionary basque-French, Éditions Beauchène, 1 April 1997, ISBN 2-7010-0532-9 (French)
- (Spanish) Article on Estérençuby in the Encyclopedia Auñamendi
- Guy Ascarat (French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011 (French)
- Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, Arthaud, 1975, ISBN 2 7003 0038 6, page 23. (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00084306 The Junction Cross (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000966 Old Houses and Farms (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000861 Idiondoa Farm (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000860 Ahadoberria Farm (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00084307 The Cemetery Cross (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000857 Church of Notre-Dame of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000025 The Processional Cross of the Church of Notre-Dame of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000024 The Madonna and Child of the Church of Notre-Dame of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Baptist (French)
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