|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Jean-Pierre Arhanchiague|
|• Land1||14.07 km2 (5.43 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||10/km2 (27/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64012 / 64130|
|Elevation||129–426 m (423–1,398 ft)
(avg. 199 m or 653 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and heritage
- 8 Facilities
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes and references
The commune can be accessed by road D242 from Lohitzun-Oyhercq in the west passing through the village and continuing south-east to Mauleon-Licharre. The D344 road also goes to the north from the village through the commune then east to Espes-Undurein. The commune terrain is undulating of mixed farmland and forest.
Located in the watershed of the Adour, the commune is the source of numerous streams including the Lagardoye which forms part of the south-eastern border, the Quihilleri which forms much of the western border, and the Lafaure which forms much of the northern border.
The name Ainharp appears in the following forms:
- Ayharp (1472, Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche)
- Ainharp (1479)
- l'Espitau d'Anharp and Aynharp (1479 for these two forms: Contracts of Ohix)
- Aignharp (1608, Insinuations of the diocese of Oloron)
- Ayharp (1690).
Jean-Baptiste Orpustan proposed two etymological interpretations: a meaning of "low heather" from ilharr meaning "heather" and -be (from behere meaning "low") or alternatively "height of the low rocks" from gain meaning "high" and har meaning "rock" that indicates the high position of the village on the left bank of the Saison.
Habiague is another farm for the commune with a reference seen in the Contracts of Ohix (1476).
The chemin Mercadieu mentioned in the dictionary of 1863 is also shown in 1479 in the Contracts of Ohix with the spelling lo cami Mercadieu and le cami deu Mercat. It extends from Ainharp to Espès-Undurein.
List of Successive Mayors of Ainharp
|1892||1908||St. Jean Etchart|
(Not all data is known)
Source: Town Hall Ainharp 2011.
Ainharp is a member of seven intercommunal structures:
- the community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa
- the association to support Basque culture
- the intercommunal association of the Valley
- the intercommunal association for the construction and operation of the CES of Mauleon
- the AEP association for Soule Country
- the remediation association for Soule Country
- the energy association of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques
In 2010, the commune had 147 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and heritage
The village is located on a secondary road of the pilgrimage to Saint Jacques de Compostela which passes on the highway to Ports de Cize, the priory of Saint-Palais to Saint-Michel-le-Vieux which had a hospice for pilgrims called Benta then to L'Hôpital-Saint-Blaise, Osserain, Pagolle, Roquiague, Haux, Larrau, and Ordiarp.
The commune has a primary school.
- Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department
- INSEE commune file (French)
- AINHARBE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (Spanish)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, Géoportail - National Institute of Geographic and Forestry Information (IGN), consulted on 15 October 2011 (French)
- Topographic Dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays, Paul Raymond
- Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, Pessac, 2006, ISBN 978-2-86781-396-2 (French)
- Contracts retained by Ohix, notary of Soule - Manuscript of the 15th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Manuscripts of the 17th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Manuscript of the 16th to the 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011 (French)
- Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, page 110, Arthaud, 20 December 1975 ISBN 978-2-7003-0038-3 (French)