Ainharp

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Ainharp
Ainharp Entry.JPG
Ainharp is located in France
Ainharp
Ainharp
Coordinates: 43°15′41″N 0°55′45″W / 43.2614°N 0.9292°W / 43.2614; -0.9292Coordinates: 43°15′41″N 0°55′45″W / 43.2614°N 0.9292°W / 43.2614; -0.9292
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Canton Mauléon-Licharre
Intercommunality Soule-Xiberoa
Government
 • Mayor (1983–2020) Jean-Pierre Arhanchiague
Area1 14.07 km2 (5.43 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 147
 • Density 10/km2 (27/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64012 / 64130
Elevation 129–426 m (423–1,398 ft)
(avg. 199 m or 653 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ainharp (Basque: Ainharbe) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ainharbars.[1] or Ainharbear.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

The Fronton at Ainharp

Location[edit]

Ainharp is located some 50 km west by south-west of Pau, 15 km south-east of Saint-Palais, and 10 km north-west of Mauleon-Licharre. It is part of the former province of Soule.

Access[edit]

The commune can be accessed by road D242 from Lohitzun-Oyhercq in the west passing through the village and continuing south-east to Mauleon-Licharre. The D344 road also goes to the north from the village through the commune then east to Espes-Undurein. The commune terrain is undulating of mixed farmland and forest.[4]

Hydrography[edit]

Located in the drainage basin of the Adour, the commune is the source of numerous streams including the Lagardoye which forms part of the south-eastern border, the Quihilleri which forms much of the western border, and the Lafaure which forms much of the northern border.[4]

Localities and hamlets[5][edit]

  • Agueberria
  • Agueberriborda
  • Aisaguerpia
  • Aranco
  • Armagnague
  • Arranchiaga
  • Barrechia
  • Bente
  • Bidartia
  • Bidegainia
  • Bolondo
  • Bordagaya
  • Bordalecu
  • Cabanna
  • Cacoa
  • Carricaburu[6]
  • Carricabuya
  • Carricart
  • Chorho
  • Elhorria
  • Elhorriberry
  • Erreguenia
  • Estecachoury
  • Etchebarnia
  • Etchebestemborda
  • Etchecopar
  • Garay
  • Habiague
  • Intsauspia
  • Jaigüberria
  • Larria
  • Leiciagueçahar
  • Lohitzun
  • Mercapidia
  • Oyhemburia
  • Oyhenart
  • Palasiona
  • Pekeix
  • Sallaberria
  • Urruty
  • Uthuriet

Neighbouring communes and villages[4][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in Basque is Ainharbe.[3]

Ainharp Town Square

Jean-Baptiste Orpustan proposed two etymological interpretations:

  • a meaning of "low heather" from ilharr meaning "heather" and -be (from behere meaning "low") or
  • "height of the low rocks" from gain meaning "high" and har meaning "rock" that indicates the high position of the village on the left bank of the Saison.

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Ainharp Ayharp 1472 Raymond
4
Notaries Village
Ainharp 1479 Orpustan
L'Espitau d'Anharp 1479 Raymond
4
Ohix
Aynharp 1479 Raymond
4
Ohix
Aignharp 1608 Raymond
4
Insinuations
Ayharp 1690 Orpustan
Carricaburu Carricaburue 1479 Raymond
42
Farm
Habiague Habiague 1479 Raymond Ohix Farm
Lafaure La Phaura 1538 Raymond
135
Reformation Stream on the northern border
La Phaure 1863 Raymond
Lambare lo bedat de Lambarre 1476 Raymond
91
Ohix Hamlet and Wood
Chemin Mercadieu lo cami Mercadieu 1479 Raymond
112
Ohix Farm
le cami deu Mercat 1479 Raymond
112

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 4 of his 1863 dictionary that the commune was a former priory in the diocese of Oloron and that there was a hospital for pilgrims.[6]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Ainharp[12]

The Town Hall
Mayors from 1929
From To Name Party Position
1929 1950 Jean Guiresse
1950 1959 François Elissiry
1959 1971 Jean-Pierre Aguer
1971 1983 Jean Lascaray
1983 2020 Jean-Pierre Arhanchiague

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

Ainharp is a member of seven intercommunal structures:

  • the community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa
  • the association to support Basque culture
  • the intercommunal association of the Valley
  • the intercommunal association for the construction and operation of the CES of Mauleon
  • the AEP association for Soule Country
  • the remediation association for Soule Country
  • the energy association of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 147 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
402 341 456 340 411 433 408 416 390
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
381 400 385 345 333 304 292 294 267
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
272 270 294 278 267 254 266 255 221
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2008
208 194 186 181 161 142 148 151 151
2009 2010 - - - - - - -
149 147 - - - - - - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Ainharp

Economy[edit]

The activity is mainly agricultural (maize and livestock). The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Religious Heritage[edit]

Ainharp Church
Old Hilarri in the churchyard

The commune has a church which dates back to the 11th century and a Calvary-Bell Tower from the 17th century. Its cemetery features Hilarri dating from the time of the bell tower.

The village is located on a secondary road of the pilgrimage to Saint Jacques de Compostela[13] which passes on the highway to Ports de Cize, the priory of Saint-Palais to Saint-Michel-le-Vieux which had a hospice for pilgrims called Benta then to L'Hôpital-Saint-Blaise, Osserain, Pagolle, Roquiague, Haux, Larrau, and Ordiarp.

Facilities[edit]

The commune has a primary school.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  3. ^ a b Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language (Basque)
  4. ^ a b c Google Maps
  5. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  6. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  7. ^ Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
  8. ^ Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  9. ^ Manuscripts from the 15th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ List of Mayors of France
  13. ^ Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, page 110, Arthaud, 20 December 1975 ISBN 978-2-7003-0038-3 (French)