Ainharp

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ainharp
Xiberoko Jauna pastorala.jpg
Ainharp is located in France
Ainharp
Ainharp
Coordinates: 43°15′41″N 0°55′45″W / 43.2614°N 0.9292°W / 43.2614; -0.9292Coordinates: 43°15′41″N 0°55′45″W / 43.2614°N 0.9292°W / 43.2614; -0.9292
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Canton Mauléon-Licharre
Intercommunality Soule-Xiberoa
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Pierre Arhanchiague
Area
 • Land1 14.07 km2 (5.43 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 147
 • Population2 density 10/km2 (27/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64012 / 64130
Elevation 129–426 m (423–1,398 ft)
(avg. 199 m or 653 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ainharp (Basque: Ainharbe) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Ainharp is located some 50 km west by south-west of Pau, 15 km south-east of Saint-Palais, and 10 km north-west of Mauleon-Licharre. It is part of the former province of Soule.

Access[edit]

The commune can be accessed by road D242 from Lohitzun-Oyhercq in the west passing through the village and continuing south-east to Mauleon-Licharre. The D344 road also goes to the north from the village through the commune then east to Espes-Undurein. The commune terrain is undulating of mixed farmland and forest.[1]

Hydrography[edit]

Located in the watershed of the Adour, the commune is the source of numerous streams including the Lagardoye which forms part of the south-eastern border, the Quihilleri which forms much of the western border, and the Lafaure which forms much of the northern border.[1]

Localities and hamlets[2][edit]

  • Agueberria
  • Agueberriborda
  • Aisaguerpia
  • Aranco
  • Armagnague
  • Arranchiaga
  • Barrechia
  • Bente
  • Bidartia
  • Bidegainia
  • Bolondo
  • Bordagaya
  • Bordalecu
  • Cabanna
  • Cacoa
  • Carricaburu[3]
  • Carricabuya
  • Carricart
  • Chorho
  • Elhorria
  • Elhorriberry
  • Erreguenia
  • Estecachoury
  • Etchebarnia
  • Etchebestemborda
  • Etchecopar
  • Garay
  • Habiague
  • Intsauspia
  • Jaigüberria
  • Larria
  • Leiciagueçahar
  • Lohitzun
  • Mercapidia
  • Oyhemburia
  • Oyhenart
  • Palasiona
  • Pekeix
  • Sallaberria
  • Urruty
  • Uthuriet

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Ainharp appears in the following forms:

Jean-Baptiste Orpustan proposed two etymological interpretations: a meaning of "low heather" from ilharr meaning "heather" and -be (from behere meaning "low") or alternatively "height of the low rocks" from gain meaning "high" and har meaning "rock" that indicates the high position of the village on the left bank of the Saison.

Carricaburu, a farm in Ainharp was shown with the spelling Carricaburue in 1479[3] (Contracts of Ohix[6]).

Habiague is another farm for the commune with a reference seen in the Contracts of Ohix (1476[3]).

The hydronym Lafaure appears in the forms Phaura in 1538[3] (Reformation of Béarn[8]) and la Phaure in 1863.[3]

Lambare is mentioned in the form lo bedat de Lambarre (1476,[3] Contracts of Ohix[6]).

The chemin Mercadieu mentioned in the dictionary of 1863[3] is also shown in 1479[3] in the Contracts of Ohix[6] with the spelling lo cami Mercadieu and le cami deu Mercat. It extends from Ainharp to Espès-Undurein.

History[edit]

Paul Raymond[3] noted that the commune was a former priory in the diocese of Oloron and that there was a hospital for pilgrims called Benta.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Ainharp[9]

From To Name Party Position
1774 1807 Bernard Aguerreberry
1807 1820 Armand Oyhenburu
1820 1848 Jean Etchart
1848 1852 Martin Salamendy
1852 1854 Jean Etchart
1854 1855 Alexandre Bente
1855 1858 Pierre Mercabide
1858 1871 Bernard Etchart
1871 1874 Echeberry
1874 1880 Marc Iratchet
1880 1884 Marc Barneche
1884 1885 Joseph Armagnague
1885 1888 Roch Guiresse
1888 1892 Marc Barneche
1892 1908 St. Jean Etchart
1908 1929 Francois Barneche
1929 1950 Jean Guiresse
1950 1959 François Elissiry
1959 1971 Jean-Pierre Aguer
1971 1983 Jean Lascaray
1983 2014 Jean-Pierre Arhanchiague

(Not all data is known)

Source: Town Hall Ainharp 2011.

Inter-communality[edit]

Ainharp is a member of seven intercommunal structures:[10]

  • the community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa
  • the association to support Basque culture
  • the intercommunal association of the Valley
  • the intercommunal association for the construction and operation of the CES of Mauleon
  • the AEP association for Soule Country
  • the remediation association for Soule Country
  • the energy association of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques

Demography[edit]

In 2010, the commune had 147 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
402 341 456 340 411 433 408 416 390
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
381 400 385 345 333 304 292 294 267
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
272 270 294 278 267 254 266 255 221
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2008
208 194 186 181 161 142 148 151 151
2009 2010 - - - - - - -
149 147 - - - - - - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Ainharp

Economy[edit]

The activity is mainly agricultural (maize and livestock). The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Religious Heritage[edit]

The commune has a church which dates back to the 11th century and a Calvary bell tower from the 17th century. Its cemetery features of Hilarri dating from the time of the bell tower.

The village is located on a secondary road of the pilgrimage to Saint Jacques de Compostela[11] which passes on the highway to Ports de Cize, the priory of Saint-Palais to Saint-Michel-le-Vieux which had a hospice for pilgrims called Benta then to L'Hôpital-Saint-Blaise, Osserain, Pagolle, Roquiague, Haux, Larrau, and Ordiarp.

Facilities[edit]

The commune has a primary school.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ Géoportail, Géoportail - National Institute of Geographic and Forestry Information (IGN), consulted on 15 October 2011 (French)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Topographic Dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays, Paul Raymond
  4. ^ Notaries of Labastide-Villefranche - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
  5. ^ a b Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, Pessac, 2006, ISBN 978-2-86781-396-2 (French)
  6. ^ a b c d Contracts retained by Ohix, notary of Soule - Manuscript of the 15th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
  7. ^ Manuscripts of the 17th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
  8. ^ Manuscript of the 16th to the 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  9. ^ List of Mayors of France
  10. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011 (French)
  11. ^ Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, page 110, Arthaud, 20 December 1975 ISBN 978-2-7003-0038-3 (French)