Ainslie Thomas Embree (born January 1, 1921) is an American Indologist and historian.
Embree was born in Nova Scotia, Canada, and studied at Columbia University in New York City where he received his bachelor degree in 1941, and bachelor of divinity at adjacent Union Theological Seminary. He received his Ph.D. in history from Columbia in 1960. From 1948 until 1958 he taught at the Christian College in Indore, India. He returned to Columbia University and after receiving his PhD there stayed on at Columbia for most of the rest of his career. He chaired the history department and served in a number of other administrative posts at Columbia, including acting dean of the School of International and Public Affairs. He returned to India for several study trips, and for two years served as Cultural Counselor in the US Embassy at Delhi during the administration of US President Jimmy Carter. He retired in 1991, but continued to teach at Columbia, Brown University and Johns Hopkins, SAIS.