Martinezia lindeniana H.Wendl.
Aiphanes lindeniana is a species of palm that is endemic to Colombia. Although widespread in the Cordillera Occidental and Cordillera Central, it is threatened by habitat loss and forest management practices.
Aiphanes lindeniana is a small palm 1.5 to 7 metres (4.9 to 23.0 ft) tall with stems 3 to 7 centimetres (1.2 to 2.8 in) in diameter, sometimes up to 10 cm (3.9 in) which are covered with black spines up to 10 cm (3.9 in) long. Individuals are usually multi-stemmed, with up to 10 stems, but occasionally are single-stemmed. Stems bear 4 to 10 leaves which consists of a leaf sheath, a petiole and a rachis. Leaf sheaths, which wrap around the stem, are 15 to 42 cm (6 to 17 in) long and are densely covered with black spines up to 12 cm (4.7 in) long. Petioles are 6 to 56 cm (2 to 22 in) long, and are covered with spines up to 8 cm (3.1 in) long. Rachises are 38 to 172 cm (15 to 68 in) and covered with spines. Leaves each bear 18 to 48 pairs of leaflets.
The male flowers, which are white to violet in colour, are 2 to 3 millimetres (0.079 to 0.118 in) long. The female flowers are slightly larger—3 to 7 mm (0.12 to 0.28 in) long. The fruit are red or orange 14 to 16 mm (0.55 to 0.63 in) in diameter.
Common names include cuaro, cuvaro and mararai.
Distribution and status
Aiphanes lindeniana is endemic to Colombia. It is widely distributed along the Cordilleras Occidental and Central in humid, high-elevation forests. Although it is often spared when areas are deforested, it appears to be unable to reproduce by seed in these areas. Due to expanding agriculture and forestry operations in its native range, it is considered a vulnerable species.
- Bernal, R. 1998. Aiphanes lindeniana. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 20 July 2007.
- Asmussen, Conny B.; John Dransfield; Vinnie Deickmann; Anders S. Barfod; Jean-Christophe Pintaud; William J. Baker (2006). "A new subfamily classification of the palm family (Arecaceae): evidence from plastid DNA phylogeny". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 151 (1): 15–38. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2006.00521.x.
- Borchsenius, Finn; Rodrigo Bernal (December 1996). "Aiphanes (Palmae)". Flora Neotropica 70.