Main characteristics are:
- Soft, does not scratch.
- Non-linting, no dust, no static.
- Strong, even when wet, can be rinsed and reused.
- Clean, hygienic, can be sterilized.
- Textile-like surface and drape.
- Can be dyed, printed, embossed, coated and made solvent resistant.
Unlike the normal papermaking process, air-laid paper does not use water as the carrying medium for the fibre. Fibres are carried and formed to the structure of paper by air. The air-laid structure is isotropic.
The raw material is long fibered softwood fluff pulp in roll form. The pulp are defibrized in a hammermill. Defibration is the process of freeing the fibres from each other before entering the papermachine. Important parameters for dry defibration are shredding energy and knot content. Normally an air-laid paper consists of about 85% fibre. A binder must be applied as a spray or foam. Alternatively, additional fibres or powders can be added to the pulp which can then be activated and cured by heat.
- Disposable diapers as part of the inner absorbent
- Feminine hygiene
- Industrial wipes
- Personal care products
- Table top
- Wet wipes
- Paulapuro, Hannu (2000). "4". Paper and Board grades. Papermaking Science and Technology 18. Finland: Fapet Oy. pp. 95–98. ISBN 952-5216-18-7.
- Nonwoven Technology Conference 2002 – Ottawa 13-16th May, retrieved 2013-02-13