Air Battalion Royal Engineers
|Founded||1 April 1911|
|Part of||Royal Engineers|
|Commander||Sir Alexander Bannerman|
The Air Battalion Royal Engineers (ABRE) was the first flying unit of the British Armed Forces to make use of heavier-than-air craft. It evolved into the Royal Flying Corps which in turn evolved into the Royal Air Force.
In 1911, following the growth in early aviation activity, the War Office issued instructions for the School of Ballooning, which had originally been formed in 1888, to be expanded into a battalion. An order was issued on 28 February 1911 for the formation of the Air Battalion of the Royal Engineers effective 1 April the same year. The initial establishment was 14 officers and 150 other ranks. Officers could be selected from any branch of the service whereas other ranks were selected from the Corps of Royal Engineers.
Pilots had to already have earned a Royal Aero Club certificate from a private flying school. The GBP 75 charge for flight training was reimbursed only if the student passed the course.
Structure and activities
No. 1 Company was equipped with airships and was under the command of Captain Edward Maitland. No. 1 Company was located with the headquarters at Farnborough. Maitland was an experienced balloon and airship pioneer. He also helped pioneer the parachute and in 1913 made the first parachute jump from an airship.
No. 2 Company was equipped with aeroplanes and was commanded by Captain John Fulton. No. 2 Company was located at Larkhill on the Salisbury Plain. Fulton, a mechanical engineer from the Royal Field Artillery, had been an early enthusiast of military flying and had attended the world's first air show at Rheims in 1909. He had earned his pilots certificate, number 27, on 15 November 1910.
Creation of the Royal Flying Corps
In October 1911, the Italians used aircraft in combat against the Turks in Tripoli. This led to the formation of a sub-committee of the British Imperial Defence Staff to recommend policy for the future of British military flying. The committee recommended the formation of a separate flying corps and on 12 April 1912 the Royal Flying Corps was created.
- Royal Engineers Museum[dead link] Royal Engineers and Aeronautics
- Royal Engineers Museum[dead link] Origins of the Royal Flying Corps/Royal Air Force
- Royal Engineers Museum[dead link] Early British Military Ballooning (1863)
School of Ballooning
Royal Flying Corps