||This article appears to be written like an advertisement. (August 2013)|
|Founded||1978 (as Air Berlin USA)|
|Alliance||Oneworld, Etihad Equity Alliance|
|Company slogan||Your Airline.|
|Parent company||airberlin group|
|Headquarters||Airport Bureau Center
|Key people||Hartmut Mehdorn (former CEO) Wolfgang Prock-Schauer (President and CEO) Paul Gregorowitsch (former CCO), Ulf Hüttmeyer (CFO), Helmut Himmelreich (COO), Dr. Martina Niemann (CHO)|
|Revenue||€ 4.15 billion (2013)|
|Operating income||€ -231.9 million (2013)|
|Net income||€ -315.5 million (2013)|
|Total assets||€ 1.89 billion (2013)|
|Total equity||€ -186.1 million (2013)|
Air Berlin PLC & Co. Luftverkehrs KG (stylized as airberlin or airberlin.com) is Germany's second largest airline, after Lufthansa, and Europe's seventh largest airline in terms of passengers carried. It operates an extensive network including holiday destinations in the Mediterranean region, the Madeira Islands, the Canary Islands and North Africa as well as intercontinental destinations in Southeast Asia, the Caribbean and the Americas. The airline is a member of the Oneworld alliance, its Austrian subsidiary NIKI is an affiliate member of Oneworld.
Air Berlin concentrates on serving major German and European cities to attract business traffic. A total of 25 German cities are served, more than any other airline. Its hubs are Berlin-Tegel Airport and Düsseldorf Airport.
The airline's headquarters are at the Airport Bureau Center in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Berlin. Air Berlin's owner, airberlin group or Air Berlin plc, is publicly traded (FSE: AB1, ISIN is GB00B128C026). In March 2014, it had 8,694 employees. Air Berlin Group carried over 31.5 million passengers in 2013. Etihad Airways owns 29.21% of Air Berlin. The Etihad deal was announced in December 2011.
- 1 History
- 1.1 1978 to 1990: American charter airline in West Berlin
- 1.2 1990s and early 2000s: Change of ownership and launch of scheduled (low-cost) flights
- 1.3 2000-2006: Becoming Germany’s second largest airline
- 1.4 2007-2009: Takeovers and expansion
- 1.5 2010-2012: Further takeovers and alliances
- 1.6 2012
- 1.7 2013
- 2 Corporate affairs
- 3 Destinations
- 4 Fleet
- 5 Awards
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and citations
- 8 External links
1978 to 1990: American charter airline in West Berlin
Originally registered as Air Berlin USA, the company was founded in 1978 as a wholly owned subsidiary of Lelco, an American agricultural enterprise headquartered in Oregon, to operate charter flights on behalf of German tour operators from Berlin Tegel Airport, mostly to Mediterranean holiday resorts. As a United States airline, Air Berlin was able to access the West Berlin airline market. During the Cold War, Berlin's special political status meant that the air corridors into and out of Tegel Airport could only be used by airlines registered in France, the United Kingdom or the United States. The airline's headquarters were initially at Tegel Airport. Leonard Lundgren was the first chairman.
After the company was issued an airline licence and acquired two Boeing 707 jet airliners previously owned by Trans World Airlines, Air Berlin USA commenced revenue services on 28 April 1979 with a flight from Berlin-Tegel to Palma de Mallorca. Plans were made to start long haul flights on West Berlin-Brussels-Florida routes, in cooperation with Air Florida (an accordant agreement had been signed in February 1979).
In 1980, the Air Berlin USA fleet grew to include the Boeing 737-200, when two aircraft of that type were leased from Air Florida. By 1982, the 707s had been phased out, and during most of the 1980s, Air Berlin USA operated only a single 737-200 or (from 1986) a 737-300. In 1990 and 1991, two more modern Boeing 737-400s were put into service.
1990s and early 2000s: Change of ownership and launch of scheduled (low-cost) flights
The Peaceful Revolution and the ensuing German reunification led to significant changes to the Berlin aviation market, since German airlines gained access to the city. In 1991, Air Berlin (which had 90 employees at the time) was bought by Joachim Hunold (de), a former sales and marketing director with LTU International, and restructured as Air Berlin GmbH & Co. Luftverkehrs KG, a German-registered company. Following an order for ten Boeing 737-800, Air Berlin grew and by 1999, the fleet comprised twelve aircraft. In 2001, Air Berlin and Hapag-Lloyd Flug became the first airlines in the world to have their Boeing 737-800s fitted with blended winglets, wingtip devices that are intended to improve fuel efficiency.
Air Berlin introduced scheduled flights (which could be booked directly with the airline rather than via a tour operator) in 1997, initially linking a number of secondary German airports to Majorca. By 2002, 35 percent of Air Berlin's tickets were sold directly. In the same year, the route network grew to include destinations other than typical holiday resorts: Low-fare flights to London, Barcelona, Milan and Vienna were commenced, which were marketed as City Shuttle. Besides Berlin-Tegel, these routes were opened at six German airports (Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg, and Paderborn/Lippstadt) that until then had not been served by one of the rising European low cost carriers. In what later would become the trade mark for Air Berlin's services as a "semi-low cost carrier", the airline differentiated itself from its competitors Buzz, Hapag-Lloyd Express, Ryanair and Virgin Express by offering free on-board meals and seat reservations.
2000-2006: Becoming Germany’s second largest airline
In November 2001, the delivery flight of Boeing 737-800 fitted with winglets set a record: the aircraft with the registration code D-ABBC flew 8,345 kilometres non-stop from Seattle (BFI), USA to Berlin (TXL), Germany in 9 hours, 10 minutes.
In 2005, Air Berlin signed a partnership agreement with Germania. Ás part of the deal, Air Berlin leased some of Germania's aircraft and crew, and Germania became almost exclusively a charter airline. Plans were made for Germania to be associated with Air Berlin under a management contract. However, the contract was not signed. At the beginning of March 2008 Germania’s joint owners could not reach agreement on the takeover by Air Berlin, so Germania remained an independent airline. A joint Air Berlin/Germania subsidiary dubbed Air Zürich and planned to be based at Zurich Airport was proposed in 2005, but did not materialize.
In 2005 the Group reorganised its corporate structure. It established Air Berlin plc (registered in England) into which it reversed Air Berlin GmbH & Co. Luftverkehrs KG and subsidiaries. It was suggested that the reason for the group to establish a UK-based PLC instead a German based AG was to avoid the need to have a supervisory board and employee representation as required by the German law of Mitbestimmung or co-determination.
In 2006, Air Berlin successfully completed an initial public offering (IPO) on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. Originally scheduled for 5 May 2006, it was postponed until 11 May 2006. The company cited recent rises in fuel costs and other market pressures leading to limited investor demand and reduced the initial share-price range from 15.0–17.5 euros to 11.5–14.5 euros and the stock opened at €12.0, selling a total of 42.5 million shares. Of these, 19.6 million were new shares increasing capital in the company, and the remainder to repay loans extended by the original shareholders and invested in the company earlier in 2006. After the IPO, the company claimed to have over 400 million euros in cash to fund further expansion, including aircraft purchases.
In August 2006, Air Berlin announced that it had acquired 100% of the shares in German domestic airline dba. Flight operations at dba were continued as a fully owned subsidiary of Air Berlin until 14 November 2008, when the dba brand was discontinued due to staff strikes. (dba staff were subsequently offered positions with Air Berlin).
On 28 November 2006, aircraft manufacturer Boeing announced that Air Berlin had ordered 60 Boeing 737-800 aircraft, and 15 smaller Boeing 737-700 aircraft. The combined value of the 75 aircraft was 5.1 billion dollars (Based on list prices at the time.) Delivery of the aircraft started in 2007. All of these aircraft will be equipped with blended winglets, which significantly improve fuel efficiency.
2007-2009: Takeovers and expansion
In March 2007, Air Berlin took over German leisure airline LTU, gaining access to the long-haul market and becoming the fourth largest airline group in Europe in terms of passenger traffic. This deal led to the introduction of Airbus A321 and Airbus A330 aircraft into Air Berlin's fleet. The merger of the LTU operations, aircraft and crew was completed on 1 May 2009, when the LTU brand was discontinued.
On 7 July 2007, Air Berlin announced an order for 25 modern Boeing 787-8 Dreamliner longhaul aircraft, with further options and purchase rights. Three additional aircraft of this type will be leased from ILFC.
On 21 August 2007, Air Berlin acquired a 49 percent shareholding in Swiss charter airline Belair, the remainder being owned by tour operator Hotelplan. Following the deal, Belair's longhaul business was shut down, and the fleet replaced by Airbus A320 family aircraft operating scheduled flights on behalf of Air Berlin as well as charter flights for Hotelplan.
On 20 September 2007, Air Berlin announced it intended to buy its direct competitor Condor in a deal that envisaged Condor's owner, Thomas Cook Group, taking a 30% stake in Air Berlin. A variety of considerations, including the rapidly increasing price of jet fuel, led to the abandonment of the deal in July 2008.
In January 2008 Air Berlin introduced a new logo and corporate design. The logo is a white oval shape on a red background (suggesting an aircraft window) where the letter “a” is a white circle and two white stylised wings. The text "Air Berlin" in the logo is now in lower case and written as one word. Sometimes the slogan “Your Airline” also features as part of the logo.
In June 2008, CEO Joachim Hunold offended Catalan language speakers, when he claimed  in an article included in Air Berlin's inflight magazine that the government of the Balearic Islands was trying to impose the use of Catalan on Air Berlin flights from and to Majorca. He claimed that Air Berlin was an international airline and was not obliged to use Catalan. Hunold went on to criticise the language policy in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands, claiming that at the time many children could not speak any Spanish. The Balearic Islands' socialist President, Francesc Antich, explained that his government had simply sent a letter to encourage airlines operating in the Balearic Islands to include Catalan among the languages used for onboard announcements.
On 18 June of the same year, Air Berlin announced that it would reduce its long-haul services by 13 percent, as well as cut 10 percent of services in the domestic market in an effort to increase profitability.
In September 2008, Air Berlin confirmed merger talks with competitor TUIfly, but added it was speaking with all parties. Air Berlin had, until 2007, been flying many code-share TUI flights. At the end of March 2009, Air Berlin PLC and TUI Travel PLC signed a deal by which their German flight businesses were to operate long-term strategic alliance. Originally, each company was to take a 19.9% stake in the other and the German cartel authorities was petioned for approval. After the Bundeskartellamt expressed concerns, the cross ownership plan was not implemented. Instead, TUI Travel PLC purchased a 9.9% stake in Air Berlin PLC using a capital increase at a subsidiary to do so.
In January 2009 Air Berlin started cooperating with Hainan Airlines, China’s fourth-largest airline. The airlines jointly market flights between Berlin and Beijing. The code-share flights are sold on a reciprocal basis and operated under the relevant airline’s own flight number.
At the end of March 2009, a strategic partnership agreement with TUI Travel was signed, with Air Berlin and its direct competitor TUIfly purchasing 19.9 percent of the other's shares. Following the deal, Air Berlin took over all German domestic TUIfly routes, as well as those to Italy, Croatia and Austria. Also, all of Tuifly's Boeing 737-700 aircraft were added to Air Berlin's fleet. Further route changes will see TUIfly abandoning all scheduled flights and relying exclusively on the charter business.
Also in 2009, Air Berlin added Hartmut Mehdorn to the board of directors after his retirement at Deutsche Bahn.
2010-2012: Further takeovers and alliances
|airberlin technik GmbH||100 %|
|Binoli Reiseplattform||49 %|
In April 2010 Air Berlin expanded its codeshare arrangements with Russia’s S7 Airlines. The strategic cooperation between Air Berlin and S7 Airlines had been in place since October 2008. New services include codeshare flights via Moscow to destinations such as Irkutsk, Perm and Rostov.
In July 2010, Air Berlin announced an increase in its shareholding in the Austrian airline Niki. Following the fulfilment of the required conditions, the agreements notarized on 17 February 2010 have been implemented. Air Berlin indirectly acquired 25.9% of the shares in Niki from Privatstiftung Lauda (private Lauda foundation) and in doing so increased its current shareholding in Niki from 24% to 49.9%. In connection with the increase of its shareholding, Air Berlin will grant the private Lauda foundation a 40.5 million-euro loan. The private foundation has the option to repay the loan in three years with cash or through the transfer of the remaining 50.1% of Niki's shares.
In July 2010, it was also announced that Air Berlin would be joining Oneworld, the global airline alliance. In preparation for joining the alliance, Air Berlin has been offering flights under codeshare agreements with American Airlines and Finnair, starting with the 2010/2011 winter schedule. Its cooperation with American Airlines means that Air Berlin passengers gain access to the important American market whilst it also offers codeshare flights with Finnair to Helsinki and within Europe.
Air Berlin founded Follow Me Entertainment GmbH in September 2010 as a joint venture with kick-media ag. This joint venture company markets image and sound media, books, games as well as events, concerts, tournaments and sponsoring.
The foundations were laid for the first maintenance hangar at Berlin Brandenburg Airport (BER) on 21 March 2011. Air Berlin, which will use the hangar with Germania when the airport is opened, has doubled Air Berlin Technik's maintenance capacity at its Berlin site.
On 1 April 2011 Air Berlin completed integration of LTU which it took over in August 2007. There is now only one flight schedule and all Air Berlin Group technical services have been merged into a new company called airberlin technik GmbH. Also in April 2011 Air Berlin underlined the importance of its Düsseldorf hub by creating a new position of North-Rhine Westphalia Regional Director. It also added new routes, more frequent flights and additional long-haul flights from Düsseldorf.
On 15 June 2011, Air Berlin and British Airways reached a codeshare agreement covering some flights within Europe, starting from 5 July 2011. The agreement applies to flights to over 40 European destinations served by the two airlines.
CEO Joachim Hunold resigned from his position on 1 September 2011 and was succeeded by the former CEO of Deutsche Bahn AG, Hartmut Mehdorn, who led the company on an interim basis until January 2013. From January 2013 Wolfgang Prock-Schauer took over the position of CEO.
Air Berlin has cooperated with the Italian airline Meridiana Fly since September 2011, and offers flights from 30 October 2011 with Meridiana Fly from Italy to Germany.
In November 2011 a new brand was launched, called Air Berlin Turkey. This product was the result of cooperation between Air Berlin and Pegasus Airlines and was intended for the charter market between Germany and Turkey. Pegasus Airlines is the largest private airline company in Turkey and is 16.5% owned by ESAS Holding AS. involved in Air Berlin. The airline was absorbed into Pegasus Airlines on 31 March 2013.
In the 3rd Quarter of 2011, the turnover of the company amounted to 1.4 billion euro, representing an increase of 11%. However operating profit decreased by almost to 50%, around 97 million euro. As a result, a new bond to raise additional capital was issued. In November 2011, a marketing campaign was launched and further preparations to join the oneworld airline alliance were made.
In November 2011 Air Berlin took over the remaining 50.1% stake in NIKI in the repayment of a loan and is now the sole owner of the company. The brand name is to be retained, Niki Lauda was given a position on the board of Air Berlin.
Air Berlin announced on 19 December 2011 that the Arabian airline Etihad Airways increased its share of Air Berlin from 2.99% to 29.1%, for 73 million euros. Etihad Airways is now the largest shareholder of the company. The deal supplied more cash to Air Berlin and provided Etihad access to Air Berlin's European network. The combined Etihad Airways and Air Berlin route network covers 239 destinations in 77 countries. From Berlin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt and Munich a total of 42 flights a week to Abu Dhabi are available. Connecting flights to the Arabian Peninsula, Asia, Africa and Australia from Abu Dhabi are also available.
Air Berlin became a full member of the Oneworld Alliance on 20 March 2012, a move that was originally announced on 2 February 2012. Austrian airline NIKI, which is also part of the Air Berlin group, joined Oneworld as an affiliate member on the same day.
Air Berlin has been flying seven times a week non-stop from Berlin to Abu Dhabi since January 2012. The new service is also the start of the codeshare agreement between Air Berlin and Etihad Airways. The cooperation of the frequent flyer programs topbonus and Ethiad Guest was announced in March 2012. In June 2012, the collaboration concluded with the bonus programs airberlin business points and Ethiad Airways Business Connect for SMBs.
On 20 March 2012, the announced entry into the airline alliance oneworld was officially completed. The extended international network offers over 800 destinations in 150 countries. At the same time when Air Berlin joins oneworld, the airline introduces the Platinum status for its frequent flyer program topbonus.
In May 2012, Air Berlin, presented its new fare structure "Your Fare" in an effort to offer individual rates for all target groups. Bookings are available for the rates "Just Fly", "Fly Classic" and "FlyFlex" for flights from 1 July 2012.
On 11 May 2012 Air Berlin opened its triweekly non-stop flight from Berlin to Los Angeles in the summer schedule, a destination which until then had only been served from Düsseldorf. In March 2013, the Berlin-Chicago route was commenced, feeding into American Airlines' hub at O'Hare International Airport.
On 18 December 2012 Air Berlin announced that topbonus, its frequent flyer program, would be sold to Etihad Airways, only a 30 percent minority share would be kept.
Air Berlin announced the expansion of the existing codeshare agreement with Etihad Airways on 20 December 2012. This includes flights via Abu Dhabi to Chengdu, Beijing, Shanghai, Tokyo and Nagoya.
In early January 2013, the first Airbus A330-200 was introduced with a new business class which enables a fully flat position for the first time. The long-haul fleet of Air Berlin has already been modified with a business class of high quality in 2012.
On 7 January 2013 Air Berlin announces its new CEO. The Austrian Wolfgang Prock-Schauer, former Chief Strategy and Planning Officer spelled Hartmut Mehdorn as chief executive officer, who has held the position on an interim basis since September 2011.
Furthermore, Air Berlin flies from 28 February nonstop to Madrid. As part of strategic expansion in Central Europe since March, Air Berlin flies from Berlin to Warsaw three times daily and has increased its number of flights from 23 March 2013 from Berlin to Kraków at the same time.
With the addition of the new and so far only connection between Berlin and Chicago from 23 March 2013 Air Berlin uses the Chicago hub for connections within the United States. In light of the transfer of capacity and focusing on core markets, Air Berlin increased their frequencies to New York-JFK, Los Angeles and Miami. Coinciding seasonal non-stop flights to Las Vegas, San Francisco and Vancouver are canceled.
The key trends for Air Berlin Group (including Niki) over recent years are shown below (as at year ending 31 December):
|Net Profits (€m)||36.7||−2.9||−115.9||40.1||21.0||−75.0||−9.5||−106.3||−420.4||6.8||−315.5|
|Number of employees||1,956||2,146||2,764||4,108||8,360||8,311||8,278||8,900||9,113||9,284||8,905|
|Number of passengers (m)||10.0||12.1||17.5||19.7||27.9||28.6||27.9||34.9||35.3||33.3||31.5|
|Passenger load factor (%)||76.7||79.5||78.6||75.3||77.3||78.4||77.5||76.8||84.5||83.6||84.9|
|Number of aircraft (at year end)||46||47||79||117||124||125||152||169||170||155||140|
Air Berlin has been running its own pilot training scheme since 2007 in a joint venture with the TFC Käufer flight school. Trainees complete their commercial pilot training to the latest industry standards over a period of around 24 months. The Air Berlin flight school was the first flight school in Germany to be awarded a training licence by the German Department of Aviation for the new Multi-Crew Pilot Licence concept in February 2009.
airberlin technik, part of the airberlin group, is a certified EASA Part-145 maintenance organization with approximately 1200 employees providing services to both the aircraft operating within the airberlin group and customers throughout Europe. airberlin technik is recognized and approved by various National Airworthiness Authorities such as USA FAA-145, Canadian CAA-145, Aruba EASA-145, Federal Aviation Authority of Russia, GCAA, United Arab Emirates.
In contrast to pure European low-cost carriers, Air Berlin offers free (at the point of consumption) in-flight snacks and drinks, as well as newspapers and magazines. Full hot meals are complimentary on long-haul flights. On all Air Berlin routes with a flight time of 60 minutes or longer, gourmet meals are offered, which are, according to the airline, created by chefs at "Sansibar", a famous restaurant on the island of Sylt. The airline also offers in-flight entertainment, assigned seating and guaranteed flight connections. On flights operated by Airbus A330-200 aircraft, a dedicated business class section is offered.
Frequent flyer programme
Like many other airlines, Air Berlin has a frequent flyer scheme. Air Berlin's frequent flyer program (called topbonus) is operated jointly with Niki. Points (“miles”) can be collected on all flights, and these can be redeemed later for free flights (award flights) or for an upgrade to business class. In addition to the entry-level "topbonus Card Classic" there are cards with Silver, Gold, and Platinum status, corresponding to oneworld ruby, sapphire, and emerald levels. A Service Card and a Credit Card, for which a charge is made, are also available.
The airline operates an extensive semi-low-cost network including intercontinental destinations in the United States, the Caribbean and the South East Asia as well as holiday destinations in the Mediterranean region, the Canary Islands and North Africa, with a total of 150 scheduled destinations in 40 countries. Berlin and Düsseldorf are the key hubs of Air Berlin with offers of long-haul flights and connections within Europe.
Air Berlin has codeshare agreements with the following airlines (as of July 2013):
|Airbus A319-100||9||—||—||0||150||150||3 operated by Belair|
|Airbus A320-200||30||—||—||0||180||180||6 operated by Belair|
|Airbus A321-200||13||12||—||0||210||210||All orders to be equipped with sharklets, deliveries until 2015|
|Airbus A330-200||11||1||—||19||279||298||All aircraft equipped with personal IFE|
|Boeing 737-700||9||—||—||0||144||144||7 operated by TUIfly (registrations D-AH_)
2 operated by Germania (registrations D-AGE_)
|Boeing 737-800||36||24||—||0||186||186||3 painted in Oneworld Livery
6 operated by TUIfly (registrations D-AHF_)
|Boeing 787-8||—||15||5||TBA||Deliveries: 2018|
|Bombardier Dash 8 Q400||13||1||—||0||76||76||All operated by LGW|
Over the years, Air Berlin has operated the following aircraft types:
||4 overwing window exits instead of the A319's usual 2|
||following the LTU fleet incorporation|
||following the LTU fleet incorporation|
||following the LTU fleet incorporation|
||leased from WDL Aviation|
||Air Berlin USA|
||Air Berlin USA|
|Air Berlin USA
|Bombardier Dash 8 Q400||
||operated by LGW|
||transferred from Niki, operated by LGW|
The average age of the fleet is currently 5 years.
In May 2001 Air Berlin was the world's first airline to take delivery of a Boeing 737-800 retrofitted with the Aviation Partners Incorporated (API) blended, fuel-saving winglets; most of Air Berlin's fleet have now been fitted with this equipment.
In 2012 Air Berlin announced that it had brought its average specific fuel consumption to 3.4 litres/100 passengers-kilometres.
On 26 March 2013, the Air Berlin group announced that it received one of the first Airbus A320 equipped with fuel-saving sharklets at the Airbus factory in Hamburg.
In February 2011 Air Berlin took delivery of its first Boeing 737-800 featuring the new "Sky Interior" cabin design. All new Boeing Next Generation aircraft operated by Air Berlin will in future include this improved interior, with its newly designed side wall and baggage compartments, large window niches and indirect LED lighting.
At the beginning of 2012, Air Berlin started the modification of its long-haul cabin, equipping both economy class and business class with new seats and a new in-flight entertainment system. Fully automatic seats that can tilt up to 170 degrees provide high comfort in the business class, in addition to an anti-thrombosis edition and an individually adjustable headrest, and more legroom, narrower seat back, the seat improves comfort in economy class. All places have their own 8.9-inch monitor that is easy to use per touch screen and offers a variety of movies, series, music, audio books and games. In January 2013 airberlin presented its new business class . Primarily, the new business class has single seats, thus offering travellers even more privacy. The new seats have a full-flat function, a massage function and feature a 15-inch monitor. The Air Berlin long-haul fleet will be equipped with the new Business Class successively.
- 2008: Capital magazine: “Airline of the Year 2008”, Telegraph Travel Award, World Travel Award 2008  Best Budget Airline 
- 2009:European Business Award 2009, oekom research: Award for “Prime” investment status 
- 2010: Business Travel Award 2010, ReiseBlick 2010: Airline of the Year, Spain Tourism Award 2010, Clever reisen! 2010: "Europe’s youngest fleet", Skytrax World Airline Award 2010: "Best Low-Cost Airline Europe", Franz-von-Mendelssohn medal, Danish Travel Award : "Best Low Cost Airline" 
- 2011: TravelPlus Airline Amenity Bag Awards, Brand Award 2011, ÖkoGlobe 2011
Notes and citations
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- airberlin Strategy and Business Model. Air Berlin, retrieved on 19 January 2011.
- "Berlin Tegel still Air Berlin’s #1 base". Anna.aero. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
- "Approach map." Air Berlin. Retrieved on 5 May 2010.
- "Air Berlin PLC Interim Financial Report Q1 2014".
- "Annual Report 2012 - Financial Figures". Air Berlin. Retrieved 2013-10-09.
- "World Airline Directory: Air Berlin USA". Flight International: 272. 26 July 1980. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "World Airline Directory: Air Berlin". Flight International: 49. 27 March 1991. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "World Airline Directory: Air Berlin". Flight International: 1332. 28 April 1979. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "Out into the world from Berlin: The history of airberlin in a nutshell". Air Berlin. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "1981 timetable of Air Berlin USA". Air Berlin USA. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "World Airline Directory: Air Berlin USA". Flight International: 1395. 16 May 1981. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "Air Berlin USA Fleet Details and History". planespotters.net. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "World Airline Directory: Air Berlin". Flight International: 813. 31 March 1984. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "World Airline Directory: Air Berlin". Flight International: 44. 1 April 1989. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "World Airline Directory: Air Berlin". Flight International: 49–50. 14 March 1990. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "World Airline Directory: Air Berlin". Flight International: 38. 25 March 1992. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "Air Berlin considers extra 737 purchase". Flight International: 10. 20 May 1992. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "World Airline Directory: Air Berlin". Flight International: 42. 24 March 1999. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- Spaeth, Andreas (22 May 2001). "Winglets: Neue Spitzen sparen Sprit". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "Air Berlin retains 737s to extend low-fares arm". Flight International: 10. 22 October 2002. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "Germany's low-fare sector expands". Flight International: 11. 17 September 2002. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- "Information about Air Zürich".[dead link]
-  Financial Statements 2003-2005 - see page 10
-  German companies flee to the UK
- Repricing of IPO[dead link]
- "Air Berlin darf DBA übernehmen". Manager Magazin (de) (in German). 6 September 2009. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- "Wachstumskurs: Air Berlin bestellt 60 Boeing-Maschinen". Spiegel Online (in German). 28 November 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- "Boeing, Air Berlin announce order for 25 787 Dreamliners". Boeing. 7 July 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
- David Kaminski-Morrow (3 April 2007). "Air Berlin LTU move driven by access to Düsseldorf". Flight International. p. 9.
- "Übernahmen: Air Berlin greift nach Condor". Spiegel Online (in German). 20 September 2007. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- Airways (Qubein, R., The Two Faces of Air Berlin), Vol. 17, No. 9, pp. 35, Airways International Inc., Sandpoint, November 2010
- Air Berlin Magazine(German)
- Vilaweb, 5 June 2008.(Catalan)
- Vilaweb, 6 June 2008.(Catalan)
- Business finance news – currency market news – online UK currency markets – financial news – Interactive Investor, Iii.co.uk, Retrieved on 15 december 2010.
- . Air-Berlin-Press Release, 7 October 2009.
- "Air Berlin enters into co-operation with Hainan Airlines". Airberlin.com. Retrieved 2012-03-28.[dead link]
- "TUI Travel PLC und Air Berlin besiegeln strategische Allianz für ihr deutsches Fluggeschäft" (in German). Airberlin.com. 18 August 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
- "Air Berlin information on the taking over of TUIfly routes. Retrieved 31 October 2009". Airberlin.com. Retrieved 2012-03-28.[dead link]
- "ESAS Holding A.S. acquires a 15 percent stake in Air Berlin PLC". Airberlin.com. Retrieved 2012-03-28.[dead link]
- "Air Berlin und Pegasus Airlines starten Zusammenarbeit.". Airberlin.com. 28 September 2009. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- Duo Infernale auf ftd.de2. Juli 2009
- "Air Berlin enters into cooperation with Bangkok Airways". Airberlin.com. 28 October 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-28.[dead link]
- "Air Berlin is expanding its codeshare arrangements with S7 Airlines". Airberlin.com. 31 May 2010. Retrieved 2012-03-28.[dead link]
- Air Berlin PLC / Increase in shareholding in Niki from 24% to 49.9% is completed[dead link]
- "Air Berlin to join oneworld alliance". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 26 July 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Air Berlin concludes codeshare agreements with American Airlines and Finnair after joining oneworld". Airberlin.com. 27 July 2010. Retrieved 2012-03-28.[dead link]
- "follow me entertainment: Gemeinsamer Take-off von airberlin und kick-media" (in German). Airberlin.com. 9 September 2010. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- von Bullion, Constanze (23 October 2013). "Verloren in der Entrauchungsmatrix". Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Airberlin, Germania, Harder & Partner and Berlin Airports celebrate laying of foundation stone for first maintenance hangar at BBI". Airberlin.com. 21 March 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- "Successful LTU Integration". Air Berlin. 31 March 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- "Airberlin focuses increasingly on Düsseldorf". Air Berlin. 13 April 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- "Airberlin and British Airways: codeshare agreement from July". Air Berlin. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- Mehdorn tritt als Chef von Air Berlin ab auf Spiegel Online7. Januar 2013.
- Kooperation mit Meridiana Fly auf BizTravel 30. September 2011.
- Cortal Unternehmensprofil auf cortalconsors.de.
- Air Berlin und Pegasus mit neuem Produkt auf airliners.de 25. August 2011.
- Türkische ESAS-Holding plant neuen Charteranbieter auf aero.de26. August 2011.
- Air Berlin Turkey Absorbed Into Pegasus
- Air Berlin weiter im Sinkflug auf airliners.de26. Oktober 2011.
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