|Frequent-flyer program||Phoenix Miles|
|Airport lounge||VIP Lounge|
|Company slogan||我们去超越 (Simplified Chinese)
我們去超越 (Traditional Chinese)
We go above and beyond (English)
|Parent company||Cathay Pacific (Hong Kong)|
|Headquarters||Beijing Tianzhu Airport Industrial Zone
Shunyi District, Beijing, People's Republic of China
|Key people||Wang Changshun, Chairman
Cai Jianjiang, President
25,269 (April 2014)
Air China Limited (simplified Chinese: 中国国际航空公司; traditional Chinese: 中國國際航空公司; literally: "China International Airlines Company", colloquially known as 国航/國航, SEHK: 0753, LSE: AIRC, SSE: 601111) is the flag carrier and one of the major airlines of the People's Republic of China, with its headquarters in Shunyi District, Beijing.
Air China's flight operations are based out of Beijing Capital International Airport.
The enterprise logo of Air China consists of an artistic phoenix pattern, the name of the airline written in calligraphy by former national leader Deng Xiaoping, and “AIR CHINA” in English. The phoenix logo is also the artistic transfiguration of the word “VIP”. Air China is a member of the Star Alliance.
In 2013, Air China carried 51 million domestic and international passengers with an average load factor of 81%.
History and development
Air China was established and commenced operations on 1 July 1988 as a result of the Chinese government's decision in late 1987 to split the operating divisions of Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) into six separate airlines: Air China, China Eastern, China Southern, China Northern, China Southwest, and China Northwest. Air China was given chief responsibility for intercontinental flights and took over the CAAC's long haul aircraft (Boeing 747s, 767s, and 707s) and routes.
In January 2001, the former CAAC's ten airlines announced they had agreed on a merger plan, according to which Air China was to acquire China Southwest Airlines. Before the acquisition, Air China was the country's fourth largest domestic airline. The merger created a group with assets of 56 billion Yuan (USD $8.63 billion), and a fleet of 118 aircraft. In October 2002, Air China consolidated with the China National Aviation Corporation and China Southwest Airlines.
In July 2009, Air China acquired $19.3 million of shares from its troubled subsidiary Air Macau, lifting its stake in the carrier from 51% to 80.9%. One month later, Air China spent HK$6.3 billion (USD $813 million) to raise its stake in Cathay Pacific from 17.5% to 30%, expanding its presence in Hong Kong.
In April 2010, Air China completed the increase of shareholdings in Shenzhen Airlines and became the controlling shareholder of Shenzhen Airlines, allowing Air China to further enhance its position in Beijing, Chengdu, and Shanghai as well as achieve a more balanced domestic network.
On 2 December 2010, Air China received Spain's highest tourism industry award, the "Plaque for Tourist Merit". Air China was the first foreign airline to receive the award, which is given to organisations and individuals contributing to the Spanish tourism industry.
On 23 December 2010, Air China became the first Chinese airline to offer combined tickets that include domestic flights and shuttle bus services to nearby cities. The first combined flight-shuttle bus ticket connected Tianjin via shuttle bus with domestic flights passing through Beijing.
On 12 November 2011, Air China announced that it would be offering Wi-Fi internet service on board its aircraft from 15 November 2011, making it the first Chinese carrier to offer this service.
The entity Air China Limited was registered in 2003, and its shares began trading in Hong Kong and London on December 15, 2004. Originally the airline corporate entity was Air China International, which was founded 2002 Air China International incorporated China Southwest Airlines and the air transportation services of the China National Aviation Company, becoming a new entity.
The Air China HQ Building (S: 国航总部大楼, T: 國航總部大樓, P: Guó Háng Zǒngbù Dàlóu), the corporate headquarters, is located in Zone A of the Tianzhu Airport Industrial Zone (S: 天竺空港工业区, T: 天竺空港工業區, P: Tiānzhú Kōng Gǎng Gōngyèqū) in Shunyi District, Beijing. The company registered office is on the ninth floor of the Blue Sky Mansion (S: 蓝天大厦, T: 藍天大廈, P: Lántiān Dàshà), also in Zone A of the Tianzhu Airport Industrial Zone.
Air China's route network extends throughout Asia to the Middle East, Western Europe, and North America from its main hub at Beijing Capital International Airport. It also currently reaches a significant number of Asian, Australian and European destinations from Shanghai. Some international routes operate from Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Hangzhou, Kunming and Xiamen.
On 10 December 2006, Air China began serving its first South American destination, São Paulo-Guarulhos (via Madrid-Barajas). This was the airline's longest direct flight. The service was initiated with a Boeing 767-300ER, but due to increased demand, the service has been upgraded to an Airbus A330-200.
Air China introduced its new Airbus A330-300 aircraft long-haul operations beginning with services to Düsseldorf, Germany in summer 2011. These aircraft provided the same two-class cabin standard as the Airbus 330-200 except that the economy cabin had no seat-back entertainment system installed (with the exception of the first two economy rows which also had increased legroom). Düsseldorf is now the third German destination on the Air China network. The airline launched a new Beijing-Milan-Malpensa service on 15 June 2011, complementing the airline's existing Shanghai Pudong-Milan service.
Deliveries of the carrier's 19 new Boeing 777-300ERs commenced in mid-2011, and Air China stated that the aircraft will form the "backbone of its future longhaul operations". The new Boeing 777-300ER will ultimately replace Boeing 747–400 on routes to U.S. destinations such as Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco, but is expected to first enter service on flights to Paris from March 2012. The Boeing 777-300ER will replace all 747 service once sufficient numbers enter the fleet. Air China expanded its operations in India with a Beijing-Mumbai route begun in September 2011, while the existing Delhi route was upgraded to the A330. The airline also launched service to Mumbai from Chengdu on 2 May 2012. The airline announced that it plans to use the Boeing 777-300ER on one of its two daily Beijing-Los Angeles flights beginning 1 February 2012. Beginning in late-2012 to early 2013, the airline will replace the Boeing 747-400s currently servicing the New York and San Francisco routes with the Boeing 777-300ER. With the addition of the Boeing 777-300ERs on the US routes, Air China announced an increase of the Beijing-New York route, changing the flights from 7 to 11 flights a week by adding two new airlines to the route (CA989/990). On 21 January 2014, the airline launched its service to Hawaii with flights from Beijing to Honolulu, the first nonstop flights between the two cities. The airline also increased the frequency of service on the Beijing-Houston Intercontinental route from four times weekly to daily service from 30 March 2014. Also, Air China will launch nonstop flights to Washington DC effective 10 June 2014.
|Airbus A320-200||34||24||150||158||Deliveries until 2020|
|Airbus A320neo||—||33||TBA||Deliveries from 2014|
|Airbus A330-200||30||—||30||207||237||To replace Airbus A340-300s|
|Airbus A330-300||16||7||271||301||3 leased from AerCap
To replace Boeing 777-200s
|Boeing 747-400||4||—||10||42||292||344||To be phased out or replaced by Boeing 747-8Is and Boeing 777-300ERs|
|Boeing 747-8I||—||7||0||27||425||467||Deliveries from 2014 / 2015|
|Boeing 777-200||5||—||5||17||300||322||To be replaced by Airbus A330-300|
|5||—||5||30||280||315||To be replaced by Airbus A330-300|
|Boeing 777-300ER||19||1||8||42||261||311||To replace Boeing 747-400s and Boeing 747-400Ms|
|Boeing 787-9||—||15||TBA||Deliveries from late 2015 (order was switched from −8 to −9 in August 2010)|
|Bae 146||6||1987||2008||Airbus A320 Family|
|Boeing 707-300||5||1988||1993||Boeing 767-300|
|Boeing 737-200||3||1988||1995||Boeing 737 Next Generation|
|Boeing 737-500||1||2003||2008||Airbus A320 Family|
|Boeing 737-600||6||2003||2009||Sold to "EG G"|
|Boeing 747-200M||6||1988||2000||Boeing 747-400|
|Boeing 747SP||5||1988||2000||Boeing 777-200|
|Boeing 747-400M||8||1989||2014||Boeing 777-300ER|
|Boeing 767-200ER||6||1988||2009||Airbus A330|
|Boeing 767-300||4||1993||2012||Airbus A330|
|Boeing 767-300ER||5||2003||2010/2012||Airbus A330|
|Airbus A340-300||6||1997||2014||Boeing 777-300ER|
|Hawker Siddeley Trident||N/A||1974||1991||Occupied|
Phoenix Miles (Chinese: 鳳凰知音; pinyin: feng huang zhī yīn, literally "Best friends of Phoenix"), is the frequent flyer program of Air China. This is the first frequent flyer program launched in China. It was designed to reward frequent flyers traveling internationally and domestically with Air China and its partner airlines.
Members earn mileages for travel on Air China, its affiliated partner airlines and partner airlines. The companion card may be upgraded to VIP status. There are special redemption rates for VIP members – Gold card members and Platinum card members.
- Silver card members (Star Alliance Silver): earn 25% mileage bonus on eligible flights.
- Gold card members (Star Alliance Gold): earn 30% mileage bonus on eligible flights.
- Platinum card members (Star Alliance Gold): earn 50% mileage bonus on eligible flights.
Incidents and accidents
- On 10 October 1998, Air China Flight 905, a Boeing 737-300 flying the Beijing-Kunming-Yangon route was hijacked by its pilot to Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan. The pilot and his wife were apprehended by Taiwanese authorities. The passengers and the crew were unharmed, and the aircraft returned to mainland China later that day. This incident was the last hijacking to Taiwan of a mainland Chinese civilian aircraft.
- On 15 April 2002, Air China Flight 129, a Boeing 767-200ER from Beijing to Busan, South Korea, crashed into a hill while trying to land at Gimhae International Airport during inclement weather, killing 129 of the 166 people on board. This is Air China's first and only fatal accident to date.
- On 10 June 2013, an unidentified airborne object collided with Air China Flight 4307 as the 757 was climbing through 26000 ft. The unknown object caused severe damage to the composite radar dome of the aircraft. 
- Aviation industry in the People's Republic of China
- List of airlines of the People's Republic of China
- List of airports in the People's Republic of China
- List of companies of the People's Republic of China
- Transportation in the People's Republic of China
- Air China Annual Report 2012
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-03-27. p. 55.
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- Air China acquires majority stake in Shenzhen Airlines, Air Transport Intelligence news, 22/03/10
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Air China.|
- Official website
- Beijing Airlines/Air China Business Jet
- Air China Inner Mongolia Division (simplified Chinese)