Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories
The Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories were laboratories that were part of the Air Force Research Laboratory, active from 1945 to 2011, following consolidation to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base and Kirtland Air Force Base under the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission.
Originally founded as the Air Force Cambridge Research Center (AFCRC), the lab was a Cold War systems development organization which developed telephone modem communications for a Digital Radar Relay in 1949. Created by General Arnold in 1945, AFCRC participated in Project Space Track and Semi-Automatic Ground Environment development.
- Altshuler, Edward E. (2 January 2013). The Rise and Fall of Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories. Hanscom Air Force Base: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 1481832514.
- Edwards, Paul N (1996). "Chapter 3: SAGE". The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. p. 19. Retrieved 2013-04-23. "the Air Force Cambridge Research Center (AFCRC) [had] recently developed methods for digital transmission of data over telephone lines [with] Digital Radar Relay (DRR)55 The DRR research, begun just after World War II, had taken four years to complete. Its availability solved one of the many analog-to-digital conversion problems faced by the eventual SAGE." (Edwards footnote 55 cites Harrington p. 370)
- Liebowitz, Ruth P. "CHRONOLOGY From the Cambridge Field Stations to the Air Force Geophysics Laborartory 1945-1985". Hanscom Air Force Base, Bedford, Massachusetts 01731: Air Force Geophysics Laborartory. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- Harrington, John V. (1983). "Radar Data Transmission". Annals of the History of Computing, Vol. 5, No. 4: 370.