Air Force of El Salvador

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Salvadoran Air Force
El Salvador Air force Badge.svg
El Salvador Air force badge
Active 20 March 1923-present
Country El Salvador
Branch Air Force
Role "To defend state sovereignty and integrity of the national airspace. Support surface forces in fulfilling their respective missions, contribute to maintaining internal peace, provide disaster relief and assisting national efforts in welfare works public ".
Size 68 aircraft in service
Nickname Air Force El Salvador.
Colors blue and white
Engagements Honduras and Salvadorian conflict 1969, El Salvador civil war (1979-1992)
Insignia
Roundel Tumb

The Salvadoran Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Salvadoreña) is the air force of the Armed Forces of El Salvador, and is independent from the army and navy.

Early history[edit]

The Salvadoran Army Air Force (Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Ejército de Salvador) was formed on 20 March 1923 during a period of heavy interest in aviation in El Salvador. In 1947 after signing the treaty of Rio (which was a mutual defence treaty among the states of America including the USA), El Salvador with a US air mission and increased transferes of aircraft El Salvador built up a large force of aircraft.[clarification needed]

Recent operations[edit]

IAI Arava 201 of the Salvadorean Air Force in 1975
An FAS A-37 Dragonfly in flight over Mexico

The Salvadoran Air Force first saw action in the 1969 Football war against Honduras equipped with F4U Corsairs and P-51 Mustangs. From the late 1970s isolated guerilla actions rapidly developed into a civil war, US aid to El Savador in 1980 consisted of six UH-1Hs and four in 1981; they were used as gunships. Other deliveries brought that number up to 40 UH-1Hs in service.In February 1982 onwards the USA delivered eight A-37B Dragonflies, 12 UH-1Hs, four O-2As and three C-123Ks. In celebration of the 189th anniversary of the Armed Forces of El Salvador, 6 May 2013 the Salvadoran Government, announced the planned purchase of 10 A-37 aircraft from Chile.[1]

A four-engined Douglas DC-6B provided longer range logistical capability between 1975 and its retirement in 1998. It was used on supply flights to and from the United States.[2] In December 1984 two AC-47s were delivered to be in service with the other three C-47s in use. The civil war ended in mutual exhaustion in 1990 and the airforce was geared for internal security.

Aircraft[edit]

Current inventory[edit]

Douglas DC-6B of the Fuerza Aerea Salvadorena at Miami in 1975
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Combat Aircraft
A-37  United States attack 15[3]
Transport
IAI Arava  Israel transport 3[3]
BT-67  United States transport / utility 1[3]
Helicopters
Bell 412  United States utility 4[3]
UH-1  United States utility UH-1H/M 13[3]
MD500  United States light utility 8[3]
Hughes 269  United States light utility 5[3]
Trainer Aircraft
T-35  Chile trainer 3[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.elsalvador.com/mwedh/nota/nota_completa.asp?idCat=47859&idArt=7871779
  2. ^ Eastwood, 2007, p. 298
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "World Air Forces 2015 pg. 15". Flightglobal Insight. 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Eastwood A.B. and Roach J.R., Piston Engined Airliner Production List, 2007, The Aviation Hobby Shop
  • World Aircraft information files Brightstar publishing London File 342 sheet 2

External links[edit]