Air Madagascar

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Air Madagascar
Air Madagascar Logo.svg
IATA
MD
ICAO
MDG
Callsign
AIR MADAGASCAR
Founded 1962
Hubs Ivato International Airport
Frequent-flyer program Namako
Fleet size 9
Destinations 36
Headquarters Antananarivo, Madagascar
Key people Heriniaina Razafimahefa (Chairman)
Website www.airmadagascar.com
Air Madagascar head office

Société Nationale Malgache de Transports Aériens, Société Anonyme,[1] operating as Air Madagascar, is an airline based in Antananarivo, Madagascar.[1][2][3] It is the national airline operating services to Europe, Asia and neighbouring African and Indian Ocean island destinations. It also operates an extensive domestic network. Its main base is Ivato International Airport, Antananarivo.[4]

The airline was formed in 1947 to feed into flights by Transports Aériens Intercontinentaux and Air France, and upon the independence of Madagascar, it became the national airline. Initially operating services on domestic routes, the airline saw expansion in the late 1960s and 1970s, when it began international flights to destinations such as France and South Africa.

In recent years the airline has been a subject of failed privatisation measures. These are now on hold and the airline is majority owned by the Madagascar government.

History[edit]

Formative years[edit]

DC-7 of Madair seen at Tempelhof Airport in West Berlin. (1962)

Air Madagascar was formed in March 1947 by Transports Aériens Intercontinentaux in order to feed into flights by TAI and Air France. The airline began operations with two Air France Douglas DC-3s and six de Havilland D.H.89 Dragon Rapides. In 1957 TAI and Messageries Maritimes acquired shares in the airline, and in 1958 a third DC-3 was added to the fleet. In 1961 the Malagasy government, Air France and TAI reorganised the airline. In April 1961 the airline was renamed Madair and became the flag carrier for the newly independent republic.[5] On 23 August 1961, the status of Société Nationale Malgache des Transports Aériens, MADAIR was approved by decree.[6] On 20 October 1961 a service from Antananarivo-Paris, via Djibouti, with a Douglas DC-7 leased from TAI was inaugurated.[5][7] Société Nationale Malgache des Transports Aériens, MADAIR was created on 13 November 1961, with a working capital of 400 million CFA Francs, 447 employees, and a fleet comprising two Douglas DC-4s, seven DC-3s and four Dragon Rapides.[6][8] The government held 20%, Air France 44% and TAI 36% shareholdings, and the government held an option to increase its shareholding to some 65%.[8]

On 1 January 1962, Madair took over service to some 58 points in Madagascar, and on 14 October the name of the airline was changed to Air Madagascar, because of a negative image of the name Madair.[5] In 1962 Air Madagascar carried 103,000 passengers, 7,500 tons of freight and 375 tons of mail and flew a distance of 2,400,000 kilometres (1,500,000 mi).[8] On 31 December 1962, the company was renamed to Société Nationale Malgache des Transports Aériens — Air Madagascar.[9] A DC-3 of the airline crashed at Farafangana on 15 July 1963, killing five people. Flights to the Comoro Islands with DC-4s began in 1963.[5] On 14 May 1963, the Malagasy government increased its share capital to 460 million CFA frances, and its shareholding from 20 to 30.44%.[10]

Jet age[edit]

Air Madagascar's Boeing 747-200B at Frankfurt Airport in 1996.

In October 1963 the airline signed an agreement with Air France, which saw Air Madagascar beginning a service to Paris, via Djibouti, in July 1964 with a Boeing 707, which was painted in Air Madagascar livery, and operated by Air France crews. In 1965 the Dragon Rapides began to be replaced by light aircraft, mainly Pipers, and a Nord 262 was ordered in 1966.[5] On 19 July 1967, an Air Madagascar DC-4, on a scheduled flight from Antananarivo to Tamatave and Diego Suarez, crashed after take-off from Ivato International Airport, killing 42 people, including Albert Sylla, the Malagasy Foreign Minister.[5][11][12] The airline began scheduled flights to Rome in 1968, and the airline acquired its first Boeing 737-200 in September 1969.[5][13] The aircraft was maintained by South African Airways, and on 15 October, Air Madagascar began flights to Johannesburg, and in December began flights to Dar es Salaam and Nairobi via Majunga. On 14 February 1970, flights to Johannesburg operated via Lourenço Marques, and on 1 November, the 737 replaced the DC-4 on flights to the Comoros.[5]

In 1971 four de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otters were acquired, allowing the airline to retire some DC-3s which were transferred to the Malagasy military.[5] By 1972, the airline was operating 737s on domestic flights to Tamatave, Nosy Be, Diego Suarez and Sambava, allowing for the retirement of two DC-4s. A second 737 was delivered in December 1972, seeing the expansion of routes and frequencies on the airline's network. In April 1974, service with the 737s was extended to Mananjary, Tuléar and Fort Dauphin.[5]

An Air Madagascar ATR 42.

In the late 1970s, services to Johannesburg were suspended as a result of apartheid in South Africa. In 1979 the airline acquired its first wide-body aircraft when a Boeing 747-200B Combi was delivered, with maintenance being handled by Air France. In early 1986 the airline joined the International Air Transport Association, and in the same year placed an order for ATR 42 to replace the HS-748s, which had been delivered to the airline in January 1980.[5][14] Services to Johannesburg were resumed in 1990.[15] In 1994, the airline leased a Boeing 737-300 from ILFC, which was delivered on 12 September, and was introduced on routes from Antananarivo to Johannesburg, Comoros, Mauritius, Nairobi, Réunion and Seychelles.[5] Air Madagascar lost its monopoly on domestic flights in 1995, when the government liberalised the market, although few competitors have yet emerged.[16] Flights to Munich and Rome began in 1996.[5]

In September 1997, the airline ordered an additional three ATR 42 for delivery in October.[17] Services to Singapore began in October 1998, and were suspended in 2002.[18]

Towards privatisation[edit]

As part of reorganisation plans to get the airline ready for privatisation, in January 1998, the airline announced that it would phase the Boeing 747-200 Combi out of operation and would replace it with a Boeing 767-300ER. The airline purchased a new 767-300ER from Boeing with an April 1999 delivery date, and leased another aircraft from GE Capital Aviation Services from March 1998.[19][20] Government plans for privatisation of the airline in 1999 to a consortium which include Air France was suspended when the Central Bank of Madagascar defaulted on payments to Exim Bank for the airline's Boeing 747.[21]

In 2002, Lufthansa Consulting was awarded a management contract with Air Madagascar, with a view to improving the airlines' efficiency and making it an attractive enterprise for privatisation.[22] The airline's creditors in November 2002 agreed to forgive half of the company's debts and rescheduled the rest over a three-year period. Because of the political crisis, the first half of 2001 saw a 66% drop in passenger traffic and a 71% drop in freight, which damaged the airline's revenues.[23] The airline resumed flights to Paris from Antananarivo on 27 April 2003, taking over from Blue Panorama Airlines which had been operating on its behalf since the crisis began.[24]

The first ATR 72 was delivered to the airline on 14 November 2005, followed by the second which was delivered to the airline at the Dubai Air Show a few weeks later.[25]

Air Madagascar Airbus A340-300 at Charles de Gaulle Airport in September 2012.

On 17 June 2009, the airline introduced non-stop flights between Nosy Be and Paris, and in the lead up to the World Cup in 2010 in South Africa, the airline is improving services into Antananarivo for passengers coming to and from Paris and Johannesburg.[26]

In 2011 Air Madagascar was put on the list of air carriers banned in the European Union for safety concerns with their ageing fleet of Boeing 767-300 thus prompting the airline to charter a Euro Atlantic Airways Boeing 777-200 for their flights to France.[27]

In 2012 an agreement was reached with Air France to wet lease (ACMI or Aircraft Crew Maintenance and Insurance) 2 surplus Airbus A340-300 for a long term period. The first aircraft (F-GLZL) was delivered in April 2012 and is operated with an Air France crew, the second aircraft (5R-EAA) arrived in July 2012 and is operated with a domestic crew. Despite being 14 and 12 years old respectively and with a questionable fuel efficiency these aircraft will permit Air Madagascar to resume flights to Europe under its own colors and with a better service.[28]

Destinations[edit]

An Air Madagascar Boeing 737-300.

Air Madagascar serves destinations in Africa, Asia and Europe.

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Air Madagascar has codeshare agreements with the following airline:[29]

Fleet[edit]

Mid-2000's Fleet Renewal[edit]

During the mid-2000s, Air Madagascar was looking to renew their fleet. The 2 ageing Boeing 737-200 (delivered new to the airline in 1970), which had an average age of 36.7 years were scrapped in 2006[30] and replaced by more modern Boeing 737-300. The airline then replaced its 4 Boeing 767-300ER and 1 Boeing 767-200ER with a Boeing 777-200ER.[31] The middle aged 777 though, was replaced with two much newer and more modern Airbus A340-300 wet-leased from Air France from March 2012 till 2018 when a replacement aircraft is required.[32]

Current Fleet[edit]

An Air Madagascar Boeing 767-300ER at Suvarnabhumi Airport.

As of September 2013 the Air Madagascar fleet comprises the following aircraft:[33]

Air Madagascar Fleet
Aircraft In Service Passengers Notes
J S Y Total
Airbus A340-300 2 30 21 224 275 Long term wet lease from Air France.
To be replaced by newer Aircraft by 2016.
ATR 42-320 1 0 0 49 49
ATR 42-500 1 0 0 49 49
ATR 72-500 2 0 0 70 70
Boeing 737-300 3 12 0 118 130 One aircraft operating for the government of Madagascar
DHC-6 Series 300 Twin Otter 2 0 0 0 19
Total 11

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "REGLEMENT GRAND TIRAGE AU SORT AIR MADAGASCAR." Air Madagascar. Retrieved on 3 February 2011. "La Société Nationale Malgache de Transport Aérien, Société Anonyme au capital de 33 885 440 000 Ariary ayant son siège social au 31, Avenue de l’Indépendance Analakely 101 Antananarivo"
  2. ^ "Your Advantages." Air Madagascar. Retrieved on 21 June 2010. "NAMAKO AIR MADAGASCAR 17, Avenue de l'indépendance Antananarivo 101"
  3. ^ "Home." Air Madagascar Head Office (Analakely - Avenue de l’Indépendance) Retrieved on 21 June 2010.
  4. ^ Flight International 27 March 2007
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Guttery, Ben R. (1998). Encyclopedia of African airlines. Ben Guttery. pp. 113–115. ISBN 0-7864-0495-7. Retrieved 14 October 2009. 
  6. ^ a b Pénette; Lohau Le livre d'or de l'aviation malgache, pp.78
  7. ^ Pénette; Lohau Le livre d'or de l'aviation malgache, pp.45
  8. ^ a b c Thompson, Virginia; Adloff, Richard (1965). "The Economy". The Malagasy Republic: Madagascar today. Stanford University Press. p. 292. ISBN 0-8047-0279-9. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  9. ^ Pénette; Lohau Le livre d'or de l'aviation malgache, pp.46
  10. ^ Pénette; Lohau Le livre d'or de l'aviation malgache, pp.47
  11. ^ Pénette; Lohau Le livre d'or de l'aviation malgache, pp.49
  12. ^ "55 dead in Malagasy air crash". Tananarive: The Age. 20 July 1967. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  13. ^ Pénette; Lohau Le livre d'or de l'aviation malgache, pp.50
  14. ^ Endres, Gunter0760311250 (2001). The illustrated directory of modern commercial aircraft. Zenith Imprint. p. 219. ISBN 0-7603-1125-0. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  15. ^ Pénette; Lohau Le livre d'or de l'aviation malgache, pp.56
  16. ^ Europa Publications (2004). "Madagascar — Economy". Africa South of the Sahara 2004 33. Routledge. p. 639. ISBN 1-85743-183-9. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  17. ^ "Air Madagascar a acheté 3 ATR 42 d'occasion" (in French). Les Echos. 17 September 1997. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  18. ^ Pénette; Lohau Le livre d'or de l'aviation malgache, pp.58
  19. ^ "Air Madagascar aims to replace 747". Flight International. 14 January 1998. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  20. ^ "Air Madagascar receives first new 767-300ER on lease". Flight International. 30 June 1999. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  21. ^ Morrell, Peter S. (2007). "Airline privatisation". Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 147. ISBN 0-7546-7000-7 http://books.google.com.au/books?id=AbSohpvS_RAC. Retrieved 20 October 2009.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. ^ International Monetary Fund (2003). "Structural reforms". Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund. p. 12 http://books.google.com.au/books?id=r9FPTBzB3HwC. Retrieved 20 October 2009.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ Cadasse, David (17 November 2002). "Air Madagascar sauvé" (in French). Afrik.com. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  24. ^ ""Air Madagascar" retoma voos para Paris" (in Portuguese). Saint-Denis, Réunion: Panapress. 30 March 2003. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  25. ^ Castaing, Simon (22 November 2005). "Salon de Dubaï: Air Madagascar prend livraison d’un ATR 72-500 neuf" (in French). Aeroweb-fr.net. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  26. ^ "Nouvelles correspondances d'Air Madagascar dans l'Océan indien" (in French). Malango Actualité. 4 October 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  27. ^ "Madagascar / The European Union update its airline ban list". Netglobers.com. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  28. ^ Text by lexpress.mu (2012-04-09). "Air Madagascar : New Airbus Expected". Business.mega.mu. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  29. ^ JL (2011-02-03). "Air Madagascar to resume AIRFRANCE codeshare service from Mar 2011". Airline Route. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  30. ^ "5R-MFA Air Madagascar Boeing 737-2B2 - cn 20231 / ln 204 - Planespotters.net Just Aviation". Planespotters.net. 1969-09-19. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  31. ^ "Air Madagascar Fleet Details and History - Planespotters.net Just Aviation". Planespotters.net. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  32. ^ JL (2012-02-28). "Air Madagascar Plans A340 Operation from late-Mar 2012". Airline Route. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  33. ^ Air Madagascar fleet ch-aviation.ch

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]