Air and Space Operations Center

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Air Operations Center)
Jump to: navigation, search
USAFCENT CAOC at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, 2009

An Air and Space Operations Center (AOC) is a type of command center used by the United States Air Force. It is the senior agency of the Air Force component commander to provide command and control of air and space operations.[1]

The U.S. Air Force employs two kinds of AOCs: regional AOCs utilizing the AN/USQ-163 Falconer weapon system that support geographic combatant commanders, and functional AOCs that support functional combatant commanders.[2] When there is more than one U.S. military service working in an AOC, such as when Naval Aviation from the U.S. Navy and/or the U.S. Marine Corps is incorporated, it is called a Joint Air and Space Operations Center (JAOC). In cases of allied or coalition (multinational) operations in tandem with USAF or Joint air and space operations, the AOC is called a Combined Air and Space Operations Center (CAOC).[1]

An AOC is the senior element of the Theater Air Control System (TACS). The Joint Force Commander (JFC) assigns a Joint Forces Air Component Commander (JFACC) to lead the AOC weapon system. If allied or coalition forces are part of the operation, the JFC and JFACC will be redesignated as the CFC and CFACC, respectively.

Quite often the Commander, Air Force Forces (COMAFFOR) is assigned the JFACC/CFACC position for planning and executing theater-wide air and space forces. If another service also provides a significant share of air and space forces, the Deputy JFACC/CFACC will typically be a senior flag officer from that service. For example, during Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom, when USAF combat air forces (CAF) and mobility air forces (MAF) were integrated with extensive USN and USMC sea-based and land-based aviation and Royal Air Force and Royal Navy / Fleet Air Arm aviation, the CFACC was an aeronautically rated USAF lieutenant general, assisted by an aeronautically designated USN rear admiral (upper half) as the Deputy CFACC, and an aeronautically rated RAF air commodore as the Senior British Officer (Air).

Divisions[edit]

There are five divisions in the AOC. These separate, but distinct, organizations fuse information that eventually becomes the Air Tasking Order. Staffing of these divisions consists primarily of USAF officers of various specialities in the ranks of captain, major and lieutenant colonel, supported by a smaller cohort of enlisted airmen, typically in the rank of staff sergeant and above. When conducting joint air and space operations, U.S. Army and USMC officers of similar rank and USN officers in the ranks of lieutenant, lieutenant commander and commander will also provide augmentative manning as required, the majority of whom will be aeronautically rated/aeronautically designated. Senior leadership oversight of the AOC is provided by USAF colonels and general officers and USN captains and flag officers.

Strategy Division (SRD)[edit]

  • Strategy Plans Team
  • Strategy Guidance Team
  • Operational Assessment Team
  • Information Operations Team

Combat Plans Division (CPD)[edit]

  • Target Effects Team
  • Master Air Attack Plan Team
  • Air Tasking Order Production Team
  • Command and Control Planning Team

Combat Operations Division (COD)[edit]

  • Offensive Ops Team
  • Defensive Ops Team
  • Personnel Recovery
  • Senior Intelligence Duty Officer
  • Interface Control
  • Weather Specialty Team
  • Naval Air Liaison Element (NALE)
    • USN + USMC; NALE also provides personnel/support to CPD and ISRD

Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance Division (ISRD)[edit]

  • Analysis, Correlation, and Fusion
  • Targeting and Tactical Assessment
  • ISR Operations

Air Mobility Division (AMD)[edit]

  • Commander's Support Staff (CCS)[3]
    • AMD Chief
    • Deputy AMD Chief
    • Superintendent
  • Air Mobility Control Team (AMDM)
    • Execution Cell
    • Mission Management
    • Flight Management
    • USAPAT Mission Planner
    • Maintenance
  • Airlift Control Team (AMDL)
    • Airlift Plans
    • DV Airlifts
    • Diplomatic Clearance
    • Requirements
  • Air Refueling Control Team (AMDR)
  • Aeromedical Evacuation Control Team (AMDA)
  • Unique Missions Support Team (AMDU)

List of Air and Space Operations Centers[edit]

The table below lists the Air and Space Operations Centers currently in service in the US Air Force, the Numbered Air Force (NAF) and Major Command (MAJCOM) to which they are assigned, Unified Combatant Command they support, and where they are stationed.

Shield AOC NAF MAJCOM UCC Role Station
601st Air and Space Operations Center.PNG 601st Air and Space Operations Center 1AF/AFNORTH ACC USNORTHCOM Regional Tyndall AFB, Florida[4]
603d Air and Space Operations Center.PNG 603d Air and Space Operations Center 3AF/AFEUR USAFE USEUCOM/USAFRICOM Regional Ramstein AB, Germany[5]
607th Air and Space Operations Center.PNG 607th Air and Space Operations Center (HTACC / KAOC) 7AF/AFKOR PACAF USPACOM Regional Osan AB, South Korea[6]
608th Air and Space Operations Center.PNG 608th Air and Space Operations Center 8AF/AFSTRAT-GS AFGSC USSTRATCOM Functional Barksdale AFB, Louisiana[7]
609th Air and Space Operations Center.PNG 609th Air and Space Operations Center (CAOC) 9AF/AFCENT ACC USCENTCOM Regional Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar;
609 AOC Det 1, Shaw AFB, South Carolina
USAF - 611 Air Operations Center.png 611th Air and Space Operations Center 11AF PACAF USPACOM/USNORTHCOM Regional Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska[8]
612th Air and Space Operations Center.PNG 612th Air and Space Operations Center 12AF/AFSOUTH ACC USSOUTHCOM Regional Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona[9]
613th Air and Space Operations Center.PNG 613th Air and Space Operations Center 13AF/AFPAC PACAF USPACOM Regional Hickam AFB, Hawaii[10]
614th Air and Space Operations Center.PNG 614th Air and Space Operations Center 14AF/AFSTRAT-SP AFSPC USSTRATCOM Functional Vandenberg AFB, California[11]
618AOC-TACC.svg 618th Air and Space Operations Center (Tanker Airlift Control Center) 18AF/AFTRANS AMC USTRANSCOM Functional Scott AFB, Illinois[12]
623d Air and Space Operations Center.PNG 623d Air and Space Operations Center 23AF/AFSOF AFSOC USSOCOM Functional Hurlburt Field, Florida
624th Operations Center.PNG 624th Operations Center 24AF/AFCYBER AFSPC USCYBERCOM Functional Lackland AFB, Texas[13]

Training/Experimentation[edit]

AOC-equipping Units[edit]

NATO Air Operations Centres[edit]

Since July 2013 The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) also uses the Combined Air Operations Centre concept at two locations (Torrejon, Spain and Uedem, Germany) with a deployable Air Operations Centre at Poggio Renatico, Italy. Previously, supporting the air component commands were 5 static Combined Air Operations Centres (CAOCs) to direct NATO air operations: in Finderup, Denmark; Eskisehir, Turkey; Larissa, Greece; Torrejon, Spain and Lisbon, Portugal. There were 2 further CAOCs with a static as well as a deployable role; Uedem, Germany and Poggio Renatico. The static CAOCs can support Allied air operations from their fixed locations, while the deployable CAOC will move where they are needed.

Emblem of the CAOC TJ, Torrejon

Active AOCs[edit]

Inactive AOCs[edit]

  • Combined Air Operations Centre-1 (CAOC-1) - Finderup, Denmark (Deactivated in 2008, replaced at same location by Combined Air Operations Centre Finderup)[22]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-2 (CAOC-2) - Uedem, Germany (Deactivated in 2008, replaced at same location by Combined Air Operations Centre Uedem, Deployable)[23]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-3 (CAOC-3) - Reitan, Norway (Deactivated in 2008, responsibility moved to Combined Air Operations Centre Finderup)
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-4 (CAOC-4) - Meßstetten, Germany (Deactivated in 2008, responsibility moved to Combined Air Operations Centre Uedem, Deployable) [24]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-5, Deployable (CAOC-5) - Poggio Renatico, Italy (Deactivated in 2013, replaced at same location by Deployable Air Operations Centre)[21]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-6 (CAOC-6) - Eskisehir, Turkey[25] (Deactivated in 2013, responsibility moved to Combined Air Operations Centre-Torrejon)[21]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-7 (CAOC-7) - Larissa, Greece[26] (Deactivated in 2013, responsibility moved to Combined Air Operations Centre-Torrejon)[21]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-8 (CAOC-8) - Torrejon, Spain[27] (Deactivated in 2013, replaced at same location by Combined Air Operations Centre-Torrejon)[21]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-9 (CAOC-9) - RAF High Wycombe, United Kingdom (Deactivated in 2008, responsibility moved to Combined Air Operations Centre Finderup)
  • Balkans Combined Air Operations Center - Vicenza, Italy (Deactivated in 2001)[28]
  • Combined Air Operations Centre-10 (CAOC-10) - Lisbon, Portugal[29] (Deactivated in 2013, responsibility moved to Combined Air Operations Centre-Torrejon)[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Air Force Doctrine Document 1-2, Air Force Glossary. 11 January 2007. Accessed 29 January 2011.
  2. ^ Air Force Doctrine Document 2, Operations and Organization. 3 April 2007. Accessed 29 January 2011.
  3. ^ http://www.afcent.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=12153
  4. ^ 601st Air and Space Operations Center factsheet
  5. ^ 3rd Air Force - Units
  6. ^ 7th Air Force - Units
  7. ^ 8th Air Force - 608th AOC
  8. ^ Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson - 11th Air Force
  9. ^ Factsheets : 612th Air and Space Operations Center
  10. ^ Factsheets : 613th Air and Space Operations Center
  11. ^ Extreme make-over: 14th Air Force becomes component numbered AF
  12. ^ 618th Air and Space Operations Center (TACC) - Home
  13. ^ Factsheets : 624 Operations Center (AFSPC)
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ 112d Air Operations Squadron Homepage
  17. ^ NYANG - 152d AOG Homepage
  18. ^ Air Force Reserve News
  19. ^ "Air Operations Centre in Spain" - NATO Official Website
  20. ^ http://www.airn.nato.int/Activation%20Torrejon/13-02-07%20NR%20Activation%20CAOC%20TJ-e%20FINAL.pdf
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h (Spanish)Calderón, Joaquín. El CAOC de Torrejón asegura ya la defensa aérea de la OTAN en el sur de Europa. Revista Atenea. (2013-07-03)
  22. ^ a b http://www.airn.nato.int/BRTE_IV/factsheets/pdf/Fact_Sheet_CAOC1.pdf
  23. ^ http://www.airn.nato.int/brte_VII/factsheets/PDF/AIRN_FACTSHEET_CAOC_UEDEM_NU.pdf
  24. ^ Globalsecurity.org
  25. ^ CAOC-6 Factsheet
  26. ^ Allied Joint Force Command Naples
  27. ^ "Air Operations Centre in Spain" - NATO Official Website
  28. ^ "Combined Air Operations Center will move to new Italy location"
  29. ^ US Army NATO
  30. ^ "CAOC 2: State-of-the-Art Engineering for more Security" Allied Air Component Command HQ Ramstein - Press Release