Air Training Officer
Establishment of the Air Force Academy 
The original Air Training Officers were commissioned junior officers who served as a surrogate upperclass for incoming cadets before there were actual upperclass cadets to conduct training and oversee the Cadet Wing.
Admission of Women to the Academy 
In 1976, the ATO program was revived in a modified form when women were allowed to attend the Air Force Academy. The Academy brought in a number of female junior officers to learn about Academy life and act as surrogate upperclassmen specifically for the new female cadets.
Before taking on their roles, the new ATOs underwent survival, evasion, resistance and escape (SERE) training, physical conditioning, various airmanship programs, field training at Jacks Valley and audited academic courses. Special counseling courses enabled the ATOs to help women cadets with potential personal problems.
- AFMC General First to Introduce Women to AF Academy Life, AFMC Public Affairs article
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